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Human Physiology, 7/e
Stuart I Fox, Pierce College

The Study of Body Function

Feedback Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

The ultimate objective of physiological research is to (p. 4)
A)study disease processes
B)compare other animal processes to that of humans
C)understand the normal functioning of cells, organs, and systems
D)understand body function so that new drugs can be developed
2

Pathophysiology is the study of (p. 4)
A)how physiological processes are altered in disease or injury
B)how the body works in tasks essential for life
C)other animal structures and functions as they compare to humans
D)the scientific method and its application to humans
3

The first step in the scientific method is to (p. 4)
A)draw a conclusion based on new data and observations
B)formulate a hypothesis
C)conduct experiments for data and gather observations
D)retest a theory over and over
4

During which phase in the development of pharmaceutical drugs is the drug tested on healthy human volunteers to test for toxicity and the body's "handling" of the drug? (p. 5)
A)phase I clinical trials
B)phase II clinical trials
C)phase III trials
D)phase IV trials
5

The man considered the father of physiology is (p. 5)
A)Aristotle
B)Galen
C)Walter Cannon
D)Erasistratus
6

The American physiologist, Walter Cannon coined the term (p. 5 )
A)homeostasis
B)physiology
C)negative feedback
D)milieu interieur
7

In a negative feedback loop used to maintain homeostasis, which of the following terms is NOT likely to be used? (p. 6)
A)set point
B)integrating center
C)hypothesis
D)effector
8

Homeostasis is best conceived as a state of (p. 6)
A)negative feedback
B)dynamic constancy
C)positive feedback
D)hormone regulation
9

Normal body temperature is _____ °C (degrees Centigrade). (p. 7)
A)37
B)98.6
C)7.4
D)100
10

Insulin is a hormone that acts to (p. 7)
A)stimulate metabolism in the body
B)increase blood sugar levels
C)decrease blood sugar levels
D)stimulate the formation of blood clots
11

Which of the following is NOT a primary tissue? (p. 9)
A)muscle
B)skin
C)epithelial
D)nervous
12

Intercalated discs are characteristic in which type of muscle tissue? (p. 10)
A)cardiac
B)skeletal
C)smooth
13

Which term is NOT used to describe a structural part of a neuron? (p. 10)
A)cell body
B)dendrites
C)lumen
D)axon
14

The type of epithelium that lines the ducts of exocrine glands and part of kidney tubules is (p. 12)
A)pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
B)simple ciliated columnar epithelium
C)simple squamous epithelium
D)simple cuboidal epithelium
15

Which of the following glands is both endocrine and exocrine? (p.13)
A)pancreas
B)salivary glands
C)mucous glands
D)prostate
16

The scattered fibrous protein characteristic of connective tissue proper is (p. 13)
A)insulin
B)cartilage
C)collagen
D)dentin
17

Which term does NOT describe a structural part of bone tissue? (p. 15)
A)chondrocytes
B)lamellae
C)canaliculi
D)lacunae
18

Sebaceous glands secrete (p. 16)
A)sweat
B)sebum
C)hormones
D)semen
19

All of the following are sensory nerve endings within the dermis (cutaneous sensations), except (p. 17)
A)touch
B)heat and cold
C)pain
D)taste
20

The organ that best regulates the volume and composition of the blood plasma is the (p. 16)
A)skin
B)brain
C)kidney
D)heart
21

The skin is considered an endocrine gland because it (p. 17)
A)synthesizes and secretes sebum
B)synthesizes and secretes vitamin D
C)secretes sweat
D)stores and releases fat