McGraw-Hill OnlineMcGraw-Hill Higher EducationLearning Center
Student Center | Instructor Center | Information Center | Home
Human Body Case Studies
Animation Activities
Study Skills
Additional Readings
Histology
GetBodySmart
Career Information
Course Tools
Martin Lab Manual, Webquest
Laboratory Exercises
PowerWeb
BioCourse.com
Essential Study Partner
Student Tutorial Service
GradeSummit
Message Board
NetTutor
Chapter Overview
Study Outline
Case Studies
Internet Activities
Chapter Weblinks
Crossword Puzzle
Flashcards
Labeling Exercises
True or False Quiz
Multiple Choice Quiz
Feedback True or False Quiz
Feedback Multiple Choice Quiz
Concentration
Feedback
Help Center


Book cover image
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology, 9/e
David Shier, Washtenaw Community College
Ricki Lewis, The University at Albany
Jackie Butler, Grayson County Community College

Urinary System

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

The outermost covering of the kidney is the _____.
A)cortex
B)medulla
C)pelvis
D)capsule
2

The kidneys are located in the _____ space.
A)pelvic cavity
B)peritoneal cavity
C)abdominal
D)retroperitoneal
3

The entrance into the kidney is called the _____.
A)sinus
B)renal column
C)hilum
D)pyramid
4

Which structure is the first to collect the urine?
A)pelvis
B)calyx
C)ureter
D)urethra
5

Each minor calyx receives urine from the _____.
A)renal papillae
B)pelvis
C)ureter
D)columns
6

The renal pyramids are located within the _____.
A)column
B)cortex
C)medulla
D)pelvis
7

The striated appearance of the pyramids is caused by _____.
A)parallel blood vessels
B)microtubules
C)connective tissue
D)nerve fibers
8

What is the basic functional unit of the kidney?
A)alveolus
B)renal pyramid
C)renal pelvis
D)nephron
9

The kidney secretes _____ for the purpose of stimulating bone marrow activity.
A)renin
B)aldosterone
C)erythropoietin
D)somatomedin
10

The kidney secretes _____ which is an enzyme-hormone which raises blood pressure.
A)aldosterone
B)renin
C)angiotensinogen
D)angiotensin II
11

What is the function of the renal system?
A)maintain blood pH
B)regulate blood pressure
C)control blood concentration
D)all of these
12

How much of the cardiac output passes through the kidneys?
A)10%
B)25%
C)50%
D)65%
13

Which blood vessel delivers blood to the cortex?
A)interlobular artery
B)arcuate artery
C)interlobar artery
D)efferent arteriole
14

The renal corpuscle is comprised of a glomerulus and _____.
A)proximal convoluted tubule
B)Bowman's capsule
C)loop of Henle
D)distal convoluted tubule
15

Which section of the nephron follows the ascending limb of the loop of Henle?
A)descending limb of the loop
B)proximal convoluted tubule
C)distal convoluted tubule
D)collecting duct
16

The last part of a nephron is the _____.
A)collecting duct
B)renal papilla
C)distal convoluted tubule
D)glomerulus
17

Which area actually secretes renin into the blood?
A)macula densa
B)juxtaglomerular apparatus
C)juxtaglomerular cells
D)cortical nephron
18

Which blood vessel conveys blood out of the nephron?
A)efferent arteriole
B)vasa recta
C)peritubular capillary
D)interlobular vein
19

Which blood vessels surround the loops of Henle?
A)vasa recta
B)peritubular capillaries
C)interlobular arteries
D)efferent arterioles
20

Which process is most affected by blood pressure?
A)tubular secretion
B)tubular reabsorption
C)glomerular filtration
D)loop of Henle diffusion
21

Which of the following are not found in the glomerular filtrate?
A)glucose
B)protein
C)uric acid
D)creatinine
22

Which muscle metabolism waste product is eliminated by the kidneys?
A)urea
B)uric acid
C)creatine
D)creatinine
23

Which of these has the highest concentration in the urine?
A)glucose
B)sodium
C)uric acid
D)phosphate
24

Which ion is reabsorbed in exchange for sodium?
A)chloride
B)potassium
C)calcium
D)magnesium
25

What is the average glomerular filtration rate?
A)10L per day
B)180L per day
C)1,500 ml per day
D)1 ml per minute
26

Which of the following is usually not found in the urine?
A)magnesium
B)urea
C)uric acid
D)glucose
27

How much urine is formed in 24 hours?
A)12 liters
B)100 ml
C)1.5L
D)3,000cc
28

Renin acts on _____ to convert it to angiotensin I.
A)angiotensin II
B)angiotensinogen
C)ACE
D)aldosterone
29

The targets of angiotensin II are blood vessels and _____.
A)nerves
B)adrenal cortex
C)adrenal medulla
D)kidney nephron
30

Tubular reabsorption occurs from the nephron tubules into the _____.
A)loop of Henle
B)peritubular capillaries
C)renal corpuscle
D)renal pyramid
31

Most tubular reabsorption occurs at the _____.
A)loop of Henle
B)distal convoluted tubule
C)proximal convoluted tubule
D)glomerulus
32

Where are most microvilli found?
A)loop of Henle
B)distal convoluted tubule
C)loop of Henle
D)proximal convoluted tubule
33

Which of the following occurred by active transport?
A)albumin in the urine
B)creatine in the urine
C)reabsorption of water at the proximal tubule
D)reabsorption of amino acids
34

Which of these does not operate under a renal threshold mechanism?
A)creatine
B)ascorbic acid
C)sodium
D)citric acid
35

The action of aldosterone is to increase _____.
A)sodium elimination
B)sodium reabsorption
C)potassium reabsorption
D)chloride excretion
36

How much sodium is actively reabsorbed by the proximal segment of the nephron?
A)10%
B)1%
C)70%
D)99%
37

The countercurrent multiplier mechanism occurs at the _____.
A)proximal convoluted tubule
B)loop of Henle
C)distal convoluted tubule
D)collecting ducts
38

The fluid in the descending limb of the loop of Henle is _____ relative to the capillaries.
A)isotonic
B)weakly hypotonic
C)strongly hypotonic
D)hypertonic
39

The function of the countercurrent multiplier is to _____.
A)increase the concentration of NaCl
B)decrease the concentration of NaCl
C)change the blood levels of K+
D)conserve K+
40

What affect does ADH have on urine output?
A)minimal
B)increases
C)decreases
D)maintains
41

Where does ADH have its greatest effect?
A)loop of Henle
B)proximal convoluted tubule
C)distal convoluted tubule
D)glomerulus
42

Eating large amounts of meat will increase the levels of _____ in the blood.
A)protein
B)creatinine
C)urea
D)uric acid
43

Uric acid results from _____ metabolism.
A)protein
B)carbohydrate
C)purine
D)pyrimidine
44

Renal secretion of a compound usually occurs from the _____ into the distal convoluted tubule.
A)loop of Henle
B)glomerulus
C)vasa recta
D)peritubular capillaries
45

Which of these is not usually secreted by the kidneys?
A)creatine
B)creatinine
C)H+
D)penicillin
46

The compound used to assess the function of the kidney at the level of the glomerulus is _____.
A)creatinine
B)inulin
C)para-aminohippuric acid
D)creatine
47

Which of these could appear in the urine from dieting or the utilization of excess lipids?
A)urea
B)uric acid
C)glycine
D)ketone
48

Vigorous exercise could release high amounts of _____ into the urine.
A)glucose
B)uric acid
C)albumin
D)ascorbic acid
49

What causes urine to flow from the kidneys to the bladder?
A)gravity
B)hydrostatic pressure
C)peristalsis
D)osmotic pressure
50

Renal calculi are usually comprised of the following except which one?
A)calcium oxalate
B)cholesterol
C)uric acid
D)magnesium phosphate
51

The mucosa of the bladder is comprised of _____.
A)smooth muscle
B)squamous epithelium
C)transitional epithelium
D)simple columnar epithelium
52

Which of these is under voluntary control?
A)urethra
B)detrusor muscle
C)internal sphincter
D)external sphincter
53

The micturition reflex is centered in the _____.
A)medulla
B)sacral cord
C)hypothalamus
D)lumbar cord