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Book cover image
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology, 9/e
David Shier, Washtenaw Community College
Ricki Lewis, The University at Albany
Jackie Butler, Grayson County Community College

Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

The outer covering of each bone, made from fibrous connective tissue, is called the ________________.
A)epiphysis
B)diaphysis
C)articular cartilage
D)periosteum
2

Inside the epiphyses of each long bone, mostly ________________ can be found.
A)compact bone
B)spongy bone
C)cartilage
D)marrow
3

Compact bone is made up of _______________ cemented together.
A)osteocytes
B)perforating canals
C)osteons
D)trabeculae
4

Which of these statements is not true about intramembranous bones?
A)They begin with a cartilage model.
B)They form between flat sheets of connective tissue.
C)Skull bones are formed in this way.
D)Osteoblasts deposit new bone along blood vessels within the layers.
5

Several layers of cells reside within epiphyseal disks of developing long bones. Which layer is responsible for anchoring the disk to the bony epiphysis?
A)cells undergoing mitosis
B)cells enlarging and becoming calcified
C)dead cells with calcified intercellular substance
D)resting cells
6

The cells that tear down and remodel bone are the ________________.
A)osteoblasts
B)osteocytes
C)osteoclasts
D)macrophages
7

Which of these factors is not necessary for normal bone growth and development?
A)growth hormone
B)high fat diet
C)male and female sex hormones
D)Vitamins A, C, and D
8

A soft spot in a newborn's skull is called a __________________.
A)fontanel
B)fovea
C)foramen
D)fissure
9

The _______________ suture joins the temporal and parietal bones of the skull.
A)lambdoidal
B)squamosal
C)coronal
D)sagittal
10

The membranes that surround the skull attach to the crista galli, found on the ________________ bone of the skull.
A)frontal
B)parietal
C)ethmoid
D)sphenoid
11

The prominent portions of the cheeks are made up of the _________________ bones.
A)maxillary
B)palatine
C)lacrimal
D)zygomatic
12

The ______________ of a typical vertebra projects posteriorly, and is thickest and most blunt in appearance in lumbar vertebrae.
A)spinous process
B)transverse process
C)superior articulating process
D)lamina
13

The pectoral girdle is made up of the clavicle and the ________________.
A)humerus
B)ulna
C)scapula
D)sternum
14

Another name for the wrist bones is _______________.
A)metacarpals
B)carpals
C)phalanges
D)tarsals
15

The femur inserts into the pelvic girdle at the ____________________.
A)patella
B)trochanter
C)condyle
D)acetabulum
16

How many bones are there in the body?
A)180
B)80
C)210
D)206
17

Which bones do not belong to the axial skeleton?
A)skull
B)ribs
C)hip bone
D)spinal column
18

Which bones would contain significant amounts of red bone marrow in an adult?
A)femur
B)sternum
C)humerus
D)tibia
19

By morphology, the parietal bone can be classified as a _____ bone.
A)long
B)short
C)flat
D)irregular
20

The medullary cavity by the diaphysis of an adult bone would contain _____.
A)compact bone mainly
B)spongy bone mainly
C)red bone marrow
D)yellow bone marrow
21

The part of the bone that the articular cartilage covers directly is the _____.
A)diaphysis
B)endosteum
C)epiphysis
D)periosteum
22

The junction between the diaphysis and epiphysis is called the _____.
A)endosteum
B)periosteum
C)epiphyseal disk
D)articular cartilage
23

Which type of bone fracture occurs as an incomplete break in the bone?
A)greenstick
B)incomplete
C)compound
D)simple
24

Which type of fracture breaks the bone into several fragments?
A)complete
B)impacted
C)commuted
D)spiral
25

What is the last stage in the repair of a fracture?
A)bony callus
B)hematoma
C)inflammation
D)fibrocartilage callus
26

Which sinus inflammation in the skull could most commonly lead to deafness?
A)frontal sinus
B)maxillary sinus
C)mastoid sinus
D)ethmoid sinus
27

Which of these skull bones does not contain paranasal sinuses?
A)frontal
B)ethmoid
C)sphenoid
D)zygomatic
28

Which skull bones are not part of the cranium?
A)frontal
B)temporal
C)ethmoid
D)maxilla
29

Which bone contains the foramen magnum?
A)parietal
B)occipital
C)sphenoid
D)ethmoid
30

Which of these bones has a prominent spine?
A)femur
B)humerus
C)pubis
D)scapula