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Child Psychology 1/c/e
Child Psychology: A Contemporary Viewpoint, First Canadian Edition
E. Mavis Hetherington, University of Virginia
Ross D. Parke, University of California
Mark Schmuckler, University of Toronto at Scarborough

The Child's Growth: Brain, Body, Motor Skills, and Sexual Maturation

True/False Quiz



1

Babies grow faster during their second year of life than ever again.
A)True
B)False
2

Myelination is the insulation of fat over the nerve cells, which dampens the speed of information traveling through the nervous system.
A)True
B)False
3

Variation in human growth rates reflects genetic and environmental factors.
A)True
B)False
4

Iron-deficiency anemia causes listlessness and may retard physical and intellectual development during childhood.
A)True
B)False
5

In females, the development of secondary sex characteristics includes menarche.
A)True
B)False
6

A child is obese if he/she is 10 percent over the average weight for height.
A)True
B)False
7

Nearly all children who are heavy from infancy on will become overweight adults.
A)True
B)False
8

The master endocrine (hormone-secreting) gland of the body is the pituitary gland.
A)True
B)False
9

Puberty represents the attainment of sexual, physical, and psychology maturity.
A)True
B)False
10

On average, sexual maturation begins about a year earlier for girls than for boys.
A)True
B)False
11

Early-maturing boys are more likely to smoke, drink, be depressed, have older friends, and request earlier independence.
A)True
B)False
12

During synaptic pruning, the brain disposes of a neuron's axons and dendrites if that particular neuron is not often stimulated.
A)True
B)False
13

The motor area of the brain develops most rapidly.
A)True
B)False
14

The sequence in which the greatest physical growth occurs from bottom to top (legs, trunk, head) is called the cephalocaudal pattern.
A)True
B)False
15

The sequence in which the greatest growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the extremities is called the proximal-distal pattern.
A)True
B)False
16

During the embryonic period, neurons are created at a rate of 250,000 per minute.
A)True
B)False
17

The cerebral cortex plays a critical role in brain functioning, such as perception, thinking, and language.
A)True
B)False
18

Neuroscientists believe that the brain's responsiveness and efficiency are developed through environmental stimulation.
A)True
B)False
19

The right and left hemispheres of the brain are connected by a set of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum.
A)True
B)False
20

Thelen and Smith (1994) argue that the development of locomotion consists of four clear phases or transitions.
A)True
B)False




McGraw-Hill/Ryerson