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Child Psychology 1/c/e
Child Psychology: A Contemporary Viewpoint, First Canadian Edition
E. Mavis Hetherington, University of Virginia
Ross D. Parke, University of California
Mark Schmuckler, University of Toronto at Scarborough

Cognitive Development: Piaget and Vygotsky

True/False Quiz



1

Assimilation occurs when children adjust to new information.
A)True
B)False
2

Piaget's concept of grouping behaviour into higher-order levels of thought is called organization
A)True
B)False
3

It is the similar way of understanding the world that makes one stage more advanced than another in Piaget's stages of cognitive development.
A)True
B)False
4

Simple reflexes are one characteristic of the sensorimotor stage.
A)True
B)False
5

Object permanence is one of the infant's most important accomplishments.
A)True
B)False
6

If infants are surprised at the disappearance of an object, it is assumed they believe it continues to exist.
A)True
B)False
7

Recent research on infant cognitive development suggests that infants' perceptual abilities happen later than Piaget first believed.
A)True
B)False
8

Operations are externalized actions that allow a child to do physically what he/she earlier did mentally.
A)True
B)False
9

An example of animism is a child saying "The sidewalk made me fall down.".
A)True
B)False
10

In the preoperational thought stage, the child lacks a sense of conservation and asks a ton of questions.
A)True
B)False
11

The preoperational child can easily classify numbers and objects.
A)True
B)False
12

In the concrete operational thought stage, a child can engage in reversible mental action on real concrete objects, like different shapes of clay.
A)True
B)False
13

The concrete operational child still has difficulty with seriation.
A)True
B)False
14

In the formal operation thought stage, hypothetical-deductive reasoning is the means for problem-solving.
A)True
B)False
15

The growing ability to think in the abstract allows the adolescent (from 11 or 12 years on) to create a more integrated self-view.
A)True
B)False
16

One criticism of Piaget's theory concerns whether the child's progress is indeed abrupt and discontinuous.
A)True
B)False
17

The lower limit zone of proximal development (ZPG) are tasks a child can accomplish with the assistance of a more skilled person.
A)True
B)False
18

Scaffolding means changing the level of support by using a more skilled person for help.
A)True
B)False
19

Vygotsky believed that young children use language, such as inner speech, for self-regulation.
A)True
B)False
20

Vygotsky believed that self-talk reflects immaturity.
A)True
B)False




McGraw-Hill/Ryerson