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Faulty Parallelism
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1
Definition: Parallelism is a similarity of form in words, phrases, or clauses that have similar functions in a sentence or a paragraph. Faulty parallelism is the lack of parallel structure—it creates sentences without a sense of balance. Readers expect parallel word structures especially when there is some underlying parallelism of meaning. Below are some guidelines for when to use parallelism:
1. Items in Lists: Words, phrases, or clauses in a list or series should all have the same grammatical structure. (Ex: Erin likes surfing the net, working out, and visiting her family.)
2. Items Joined by Coordinating Conjunctions: Words or phrases joined by coordinating conjunctions should have the same structure. (Ex: Chocolate and peanut butter taste great together.)
3. Elements joined by correlative conjunctions, such as "either . . . or" and not "only . . .but also," should be parallel. (Ex: We could go fishing or go bicycling.)
4. Two elements that are compared or contrasted should be expressed in parallel structures. (Ex: I like blue cars as opposed to red cars.)
Directions: Edit the following sentences to correct errors in parallel structure. From the lettered choices following each numbered exercise, identify the revision that correctly edits the sentence.

Belinda likes square dancing and to write poetry.
A)Belinda likes square dancing and writing poetry.
B)Belinda likes to square dance and writing poetry.
C)Belinda likes square dancing and to write poetry
2
Would you prefer to go for a walk or staying indoors?
A)Would you prefer to go for a walk or to staying indoors?
B)Would you prefer to going for a walk or staying indoors?
C)Would you prefer going for a walk or staying indoors?
3
Autumn means not only that leaves fall by the thousands but also snow falling when you least expect it.
A)Autumn means not only that leaves fall by the thousands but also that snow falls when you least expect it.
B)Autumn means not only that leaves fall by the thousands but also falling snow when you least expect it.
C)Autumn means not only that leaves are falling by the thousands but also snow falls when you least expect it.
4
The students in this class should either have taken first-year writing or earned advanced placement on the assessment test.
A)The students in this class should either take first-year writing or have earned advanced placement on the assessment test.
B)The students in this class should have taken first-year writing or earn advanced placement on the assessment test.
C)The students in this class should have either have taken first-year writing or earn advanced placement on the assessment test.
5
Yvette is an expert in both military history and in quilt making.
A)Yvette is an expert in both military history and quilt making.
B)Yvette is an expert both in history strategy and quilt making.
C)Yvette is an expert in military history and in quilt making, both.
6
Hans is not only a gifted skier but also he is a talented drummer.
A)Hans is not only a gifted skier, also he is a talented drummer.
B)Hans is not only a gifted skier but also a talented drummer.
C)Hans is a gifted skier but also he is a talented drummer.
7
Television is an integral part of most Canadians' everyday lives. Whether it's soap operas, comedies, police or medical dramas, news, educational programming, or sports events, television offers something for just about everyone.
A)Television is an integral part of most Canadians' everyday lives. Whether it's soap operas, comedies, police or medical dramas, news, educational programming, or sports events, television offers something for just about everyone.
B)Television is an integral part of most Canadians' everyday lives. Television offers something, whether it's soap operas, comedies, a police or medical drama, news, educational programming, or sports events, for just about everyone.
C)Television is an integral part of most Canadians' everyday lives. Something for just about everyone, whether it's soap operas, comedies, police or medical dramas, news, educational programming, or a sports event, is what television offers.
8
In fact, most Canadians have either a television in their bedroom or want to put one there.
A)In fact, most Canadians have a television in their bedroom or are wanting to put one there.
B)In fact, most Canadians either have a television in their bedroom or want to put one there.
C)In fact, most Canadians have either a television in their bedroom or want to put one there.
9
And the television is not only the central piece of furniture in most family rooms, but it is also on in most homes for ten or more hours every day.
A)And the television is not only the central piece of furniture in most family rooms, but it is also on in most homes for ten or more hours every day.
B)And not only is the television the central piece of furniture in most family rooms, but it is also on in most homes for ten or more hours every day.
C)And the television is not only the central piece of furniture in most family rooms, but is also on in most homes for ten or more hours every day.
10
Whether so much television viewing is a good thing or causes problems is a much-debated question. The effect of television is the source of a long-running argument that won't soon be won by one side or the other.
A)Whether so much television viewing is a good thing or causes problems is a much-debated question. The effect of television is the source of a long-running argument that won't soon be won by one side or the other.
B)Whether so much television viewing is a good thing or if it causes the problems is a much-debated question. The effect of television is the source of a long-running argument that won't soon be won by one side or the other.
C)Whether so much television viewing is a good thing or a source of problems is a much-debated question. The effect of television is the source of a long-running argument that won't soon be won by one side or the other.







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