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Gilbert's Living with Art, 6/e
Mark Getlein

Three-Dimensional Media
Architecture

Multiple Choice

Please answer all questions



1

Using a steel framework with masonry sheathing, the ________, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building.
A)Wainwright Building
B)Eiffel Tower
C)Crystal Palace
D)Lever House
E)Chrysler Building
2

Two factors that decide the success of any structural system are:
A)weight and tensile strength.
B)the placement of its dome and its pendentives.
C)the linear ratio of foundation to wall and wall to roof.
D)tension and compression of each buttresses.
E)none of the above.
3

Stacking and piling is another term for:
A)post-and-lintel.
B)arch and vault.
C)load-bearing construction.
D)mending of stone fences.
E)none of the above
4

Although he was not trained as an architect, Thomas Jefferson designed the architecture and overall layout for:
A)the White House.
B)the University of Virginia.
C)the Pantheon.
D)Stanford University.
E)the Jefferson Memorial.
5

The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the:
A)International style.
B)shell system.
C)hypostyle.
D)Gothic architecture.
E)Greek orders.
6

The Byodo-in, in Kyoto, Japan is an elegant example of:
A)International Style.
B)postmodern architecture.
C)Neoclassical Style.
D)Gothic architecture.
E)post-and-lintel architecture.
7

The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called:
A)vaulting.
B)tensile strength.
C)tension.
D)buttressing.
E)compression.
8

Built almost 2000 years ago, the ______ is an enduring testament to the Roman use of the arch.
A)Pont du Gard at Nimes
B)Hagia Sophia
C)Reims Cathedral
D)Acropolis in Athens
E)none of the above
9

Built for the World's Fair in 1889, the ________ was an early experiment in iron construction.
A)Wainwright Building
B)Crystal Palace
C)Eiffel Tower
D)Lever House
E)Chrysler Building
10

_______ is most famous for his design of the geodesic dome.
A)Thomas Jefferson
B)Anthemius of Tralles
C)Joseph Paxton
D)Louis Sullivan
E)Buckminster Fuller
11

The chapel Notre-Dame-du-Haut in Ronchamp was designed by:
A)Frank Lloyd Wright.
B)Le Corbusier.
C)Frank Gehry.
D)M. Pei.
E)John Russell Pope.
12

The design for the East Building of the National Gallery, uses the same material as the West Building, but _______ created the bold shapes of a modernist exterior for his contrasting yet compatible building.
A)Frank Lloyd Wright
B)Le Corbusier
C)Frank Gehry
D)M. Pei
E)John Russell Pope
13

Fallingwater (the Kaufmann House in Bear Run Pennsylvania) is a prime example of the "organic" architecture of:
A)Frank Lloyd Wright.
B)Le Corbusier.
C)Frank Gehry.
D)M. Pei.
E)John Russell Pope.
14

A _______ is a horizontal form supported at only one end.
A)cornice
B)keystone
C)pendentive
D)flying buttress
E)cantilever
15

_______ rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called a dome.
A)A pier
B)An arch
C)A capital
D)A portico
E)A vault
16

When a large hall is built using post-and-lintel construction methods, the resulting "virtual forest of columns" is called a:
A)nave.
B)barrel vault.
C)hypostyle hall.
D)groin vault.
E)portico.
17

The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are:
A)the Postmodern and Classical.
B)the pier and cantilever.
C)the shell and the skeleton and skin.
D)the Romanesque and the Greek.
E)the Modern and Postmodern
18

The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles of columns were developed by the Ancient Greeks in the __________ centuries BCE respectively.
A)10th, 9th, and 8th
B)7th, 6th, and 4th
C)3rd, 2nd, and 1st,
D)5th, 2nd, and 1st
E)5th, 3nd, and 1st
19

According to the author, a ________ is actually an arch extended in depth, as if there are "many arches placed flush one behind the other."
A)buttress
B)pediment
C)volute
D)barrel vault
E)pier.
20

Builders of Gothic cathedrals reinforced the walls of their architecture from the outside with:
A)piers.
B)Corinthian columns.
C)flying buttresses.
D)groin vaults.
E)both a and c