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Gilbert's Living with Art, 6/e
Mark Getlein

Arts in Time
Christianity and the Formation of Europe

Multiple Choice

Please answer all questions



1

The walled, upward extension of the nave that is pierced with windows is called the
A)nave.
B)clerestory.
C)narthex.
D)apse.
E)transept.
2

Because Christianity emphasized congregational worship, a fundamental change in the _________ was needed.
A)architectural design of places of worship
B)iconography of the church
C)placement of the altar
D)hierarchy of the gods
E)all of the above
3

The cross-shaped floor plan of a church is formed by the combined shapes of the nave and the
A)aisles
B)clerestory.
C)narthex.
D)apse.
E)transept.
4

The major axis of a central-plan church, such as the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, is
A)octagonal.
B)rectilinear.
C)vertical.
D)diagonal.
E)horizontal.
5

The mosaic, Christ as the Sun, exemplifies early Christian artists' appropriation of _______ iconography.
A)Egyptian
B)Greek
C)Islamic
D)Roman
E)both b and d
6

Unlike their Greek and Roman predecessors, the Byzantine artists preferred
A)re-creation of daily life in their art.
B)a natural, more realistic art.
C)calligraphy in their art.
D)a flattened, abstracted style of art
E)both a and b
7

Architects of Romanesque churches began installing _______ around the apse, which allowed the overflow of pilgrims to circulate freely around the interior of the church.
A)scaffolding
B)ambulatories
C)underground walkways
D)transepts
E)barrel vaulting
8

_______ is a pattern or patterns formed by intricately interwoven ribbons or bands.
A)Narthex
B)Interlace
C)Illumination
D)Embroidery
E)Ambulatory
9

The art and architecture of the high Middle Ages is generally divided into two periods, the _____ and the _____.
A)Romanesque / Carolingian
B)Renaissance / Gothic
C)Romanesque / Gothic
D)Romanesque / Renaissance
E)Gothic / Carolingian
10

All the following are features of Romanesque architecture EXCEPT
A)thick stone walls
B)barrel-vaulted stone ceilings.
C)overall massiveness.
D)large windows of stained glass.
E)round arches.
11

Gothic cathedrals are known especially for
A)the privacy and intimacy of their interior spaces.
B)their stained glass windows.
C)their heavy Romanesque walls.
D)their idyllic French countryside locations.
E)rounded arches and symmetrical towers.
12

The technique in which colored yarns are sewn to an existing woven background is called
A)interlace.
B)embroidery.
C)tempera.
D)tapestry.
E)gouache.
13

The _________ is the walkway directly in front of a church that serves as the entry porch.
A)nave
B)clerestory
C)narthex
D)apse
E)transept
14

Duccio and Giotto, two artists whose innovations greatly influenced Renaissance painting styles, were in turn influenced by
A)Byzantine and Gothic traditions.
B)Egyptian art.
C)art of the animal style.
D)Carolingian traditions.
E)none of the above
15

Abbot Suger's church near Paris, Saint Denis, is the first ______ church ever built.
A)Gothic
B)Romanesque
C)high Renaissance
D)Carolingian
E)post-and-beam
16

The Palace Chapel at Aachen was built for ________ as his personal place of worship.
A)Saint Denis
B)Abbot Suger
C)Charlemagne
D)William of Normandy
E)Constantine
17

What purpose do the carved figures serve that adorn the entryways at Chartres Cathedral?
A)They serve as reminders that one is entering a sacred space.
B)They are structural, holding up the archways above the doors.
C)They form a narrative, telling the story of Sainte Foy.
D)They are purely decorative, serving no real purpose.
E)both c and d.
18

Soaring open spaces, pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and stained glass windows are characteristic of
A)Renaissance architecture.
B)Romanesque churches.
C)the church of Sainte Foy.
D)Gothic cathedrals.
E)the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne.
19

In his painting __________, the artist Duccio pioneered the use of architecture to define space and direct movement.
A)Icon with the Crucifixion
B)Gospel Book of Durrow
C)Christ Entering Jerusalem
D)Pantokrator
E)The Lamentation
20

The transition from Romanesque to Gothic style can be seen in the ______ at Chartres Cathedral.
A)architecture
B)reliquaries
C)mosaics
D)sculpture
E)both a and d