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Anatomy and Physiology, 6/e
Rod Seeley, Idaho State University
Trent Stephens, Idaho State University
Philip Tate, Phoenix College

Muscular System: Gross Anatomy

Chapter Quiz



1

The end of the muscle that is attached to the more stationary of the two bones is the
A)belly.
B)fulcrum.
C)insertion.
D)fixator.
E)origin.
2

Muscles that work together to cause a movement are
A)antagonists.
B)fixators.
C)convergent.
D)prime movers.
E)synergists.
3

The brachialis, coracobrachialis and brachioradialis are all muscles found in the
A)arm.
B)forearm.
C)trunk.
D)thigh.
E)leg.
4

In the human body, __________ function as fulcrums.
A)bones
B)joints
C)muscles
D)internal organs
E)tendons
5

The most common type of lever system in the body is the
A)class I lever.
B)class II lever.
C)class III lever.
6

Which muscle raises the eyebrows?
A)corrugator supercilii
B)levator palpebrae superioris
C)orbicularis oculi
D)occipitofrontalis
E)orbicularis oris
7

Winking or blinking the eye is controlled by the
A)corrugator supercilii.
B)depressor anguli oris.
C)orbicularis oculi.
D)occipitofrontalis.
E)orbicularis oris.
8

Which of these muscles does NOT aid in smiling?
A)levator anguli oris
B)mentalis
C)risorius
D)zygomaticus major
E)zygomaticus minor
9

The __________ muscle aids in the movement of food in the mouth while chewing.
A)auricularis
B)buccinator
C)levator labii superioris
D)orbicularis oris
E)risorius
10

Muscles that can retract, elevate, depress, and protrude the tongue are
A)extrinsic tongue muscles.
B)intrinsic tongue muscles.
11

One function of the infrahyoid muscles is to
A)elevate the hyoid bone.
B)fix the hyoid bone.
C)depress the mandible.
D)depress the larynx.
E)rotate the neck.
12

A comedian on television looks "cross-eyed" (both eyes looking toward the nose). What eye muscles is he using?
A)inferior oblique
B)lateral rectus
C)medial rectus
D)superior oblique
E)all of these
13

One eye muscle that elevates and laterally deviates the gaze is the
A)inferior oblique.
B)lateral rectus.
C)medial rectus.
D)superior oblique.
E)superior rectus.
14

Which of these actions is accomplished by the erector spinae muscles?
A)abduct the thigh
B)extend the vertebral column
C)flex the vertebral column
D)protract the scapula
E)rotate the thigh
15

Which of these muscles is used during forced expiration?
A)diaphragm
B)external intercostals
C)internal intercostals
D)scalenes
E)trapezius
16

Tendinous intersections are found in the
A)external abdominal oblique muscles.
B)internal abdominal oblique muscles.
C)linea alba.
D)rectus abdominis muscle.
E)transversus abdominis muscles.
17

Which of these muscles functions only to compress the abdomen?
A)external abdominal oblique muscles
B)internal abdominal oblique muscles
C)diaphragm
D)rectus abdominis muscle
E)transversus abdominis muscles
18

This muscle rotates and protracts the scapula and elevates the ribs.
A)levator scapulae
B)pectoralis minor
C)rhomboideus
D)serratus anterior
E)trapezius
19

Which of these muscles is NOT capable of elevating the scapula?
A)levator scapulae
B)pectoralis minor
C)rhomboideus
D)trapezius
20

Which muscle moves the scapula and extends the neck?
A)pectoralis major
B)pectoralis minor
C)rhomboideus
D)serratus anterior
E)trapezius
21

The muscle that can adduct, flex, and extend the arm is the
A)coracobrachialis.
B)deltoid.
C)latissimus dorsi.
D)pectoralis major.
E)teres major.
22

If a woman raises her arms laterally from her sides until they are level with her shoulders, she mostly uses her
A)biceps brachii muscles.
B)latissimus dorsi muscles.
C)pectoralis major muscles.
D)deltoid muscles.
E)all of these
23

Which of these muscles flexes both the arm and the forearm?
A)biceps brachii
B)brachialis
C)deltoid
D)latissimus dorsi
E)triceps brachii
24

Two muscles that are synergists are the
A)biceps brachii and triceps brachii.
B)biceps brachii and brachialis.
C)coracobrachialis and brachioradialis.
D)deltoid and brachioradialis.
E)latissimus dorsi and trapezius.
25

Which of these muscles is NOT involved in abducting the arm?
A)deltoid
B)infraspinatus
C)supraspinatus
D)trapezius
26

Which of these muscles has the same action on the arm as the latissimus dorsi?
A)deltoid
B)coracobrachialis
C)pectoralis major
D)teres major
E)triceps brachii
27

Which muscle extends the forearm?
A)coracobrachialis
B)biceps brachii
C)brachialis
D)brachioradialis
E)triceps brachii
28

Which of these muscles does NOT medially rotate the arm?
A)deltoid
B)infraspinatus
C)latissimus dorsi
D)pectoralis major
E)teres major
29

Most of the anterior forearm muscles are responsible for
A)extension of the wrist and fingers.
B)extension of the forearm.
C)flexion of the wrist and fingers.
D)flexion of the forearm.
E)flexion of the arm.
30

Many of the posterior forearm muscles have their origin on the
A)greater tubercle of the humerus.
B)lateral epicondyle of the humerus.
C)lesser tubercle of the humerus.
D)medial epicondyle of the humerus.
E)olecranon process of the humerus.
31

Extrinsic hand muscles are found in the
A)arm.
B)forearm.
C)hand.
D)fingers.
32

Name the muscle that extends, abducts, and laterally rotates the thigh.
A)iliopsoas
B)gluteus maximus
C)gluteus medius
D)gluteus minimus
E)tensor fasciae latae
33

Which of these muscles flexes the thigh?
A)deep thigh rotators
B)iliopsoas
C)gluteus maximus
D)gluteus medius
E)gluteus minimus
34

Two thigh muscles that are antagonists are the
A)rectus femoris and vastus lateralis.
B)vastus medialis and vastus intermedius.
C)adductor longus and vastus lateralis.
D)rectus femoris and semimembranosus.
E)gluteus maximus and semitendinosus.
35

This muscle is used to cross the legs; it flexes the leg, and flexes and laterally rotates the thigh.
A)adductor longus
B)gracilis
C)gluteus maximus
D)sartorius
E)vastus lateralis
36

Which of these muscles is NOT used as an injection site?
A)deltoid
B)gluteus medius
C)gluteus maximus
D)vastus lateralis
37

The medial group of thigh muscles is involved primarily in
A)abduction of the thigh.
B)adduction of the thigh.
C)extension of the thigh.
D)flexion of the thigh.
E)flexion of the leg.
38

Which of these muscles flexes the thigh?
A)biceps femoris
B)rectus femoris
C)semimembranosus
D)semitendinosus
E)vastus lateralis
39

A muscle that adducts the thigh and flexes the leg is the
A)biceps femoris.
B)gracilis.
C)pectineus.
D)rectus femoris.
E)sartorius.
40

Anterior leg muscles
A)dorsiflex the foot.
B)flex the leg.
C)plantarflex the foot.
D)extend the leg.
E)flex the toes.