McGraw-Hill OnlineMcGraw-Hill Higher EducationLearning Center
Student Center | Instructor Center | Information Center | Home
Essential Study Partner
Histology Atlas
GetBodySmart
Course Tools
Spanish A&P Glossary
Human Body Case Studies
Animation Activities
Laboratory Exercises
Johnson Explorations
Links Library
MediaPhys
GradeSummit
A&P Arcade
Chapter Quiz
Study Outline
Labeling Exercises
Flashcards
Crossword Puzzles
Concentration Game
Clinical Application One
Clinical Application Two
Links Library
Feedback
Help Center


Anatomy and Physiology, 6/e
Rod Seeley, Idaho State University
Trent Stephens, Idaho State University
Philip Tate, Phoenix College

Nutrition, Metabolism, and Temperature Regulation

Chapter Quiz



1

Essential nutrients
A)are the only nutrients used by the body.
B)can be synthesized by the body from other ingested nutrients.
C)include most carbohydrates.
D)must be ingested.
E)all of these
2

Each gram of carbohydrate or protein metabolized by the body releases about __________ kcal of energy, whereas each gram of fat metabolized by the body releases about __________ kcal.
A)4,5
B)4,7
C)7,9
D)4,9
E)9,100
3

Which of these carbohydrates is NOT digestible and provides fiber, or "roughage" in humans?
A)sucrose
B)starch
C)glycogen
D)cellulose
E)lactose
4

All of these carbohydrates come from plants EXCEPT:
A)cellulose.
B)fructose.
C)lactose.
D)maltose.
E)sucrose.
5

Complex carbohydrates
A)include glycogen, cellulose, and starch.
B)consist of many glucose molecules bound together in long chains.
C)can be energy storage molecules.
D)are polysaccharides.
E)all of these
6

The brain relies almost entirely on __________ for energy production.
A)sucrose
B)glucose
C)fructose
D)fatty acids
E)protein
7

For long-term storage, glucose is converted to __________ , while for short-term storage, glucose is converted to ___________ .
A)fat, glycogen
B)glycogen, ketone bodies
C)glycogen, protein
D)pyruvic acid, fat
E)fat, pyruvic acid
8

All other monosaccharides absorbed into the blood are converted into __________ in the liver.
A)fructose
B)galactose
C)glucose
D)sucrose
E)lactose
9

Skeletal muscle cells derive most of their energy from
A)glucose.
B)sucrose.
C)glycogen.
D)proteins.
E)triglycerides.
10

Which of these carbohydrates is a disaccharide composed of two glucose molecules?
A)sucrose
B)galactose
C)maltose
D)lactose
E)fructose
11

Fish, safflower oil, sunflower oil, and corn oil are sources of
A)monounsaturated fat.
B)polyunsaturated fat.
C)saturated fat.
D)steroids.
12

All of these foods contain cholesterol EXCEPT
A)liver.
B)butter.
C)cheese.
D)eggs.
E)coconut oil.
13

Cholesterol
A)is manufactured in the liver.
B)is a component of the cell membrane.
C)can be modified to form bile salts.
D)can be modified to form steroid hormones.
E)all of these
14

Which of these statements concerning essential fatty acids is correct?
A)There are no essential fatty acids in the human diet.
B)The most important essential fatty acid is cholesterol.
C)Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid are two fatty acids that must be ingested.
D)The liver can synthesize some essential fatty acids.
E)Essential fatty acids are only found in animal fat.
15

There are __________ amino acids in proteins, and __________ are considered to be essential amino acids.
A)30, 12
B)20, 12
C)20, 9
D)12, 9
E)12, 4
16

All of these are examples of proteins in the body EXCEPT
A)collagen.
B)enzymes.
C)hemoglobin.
D)lecithin.
E)myosin.
17

Which vitamin is necessary for blood clotting?
A)vitamin A
B)vitamin B12
C)vitamin D
D)vitamin E
E)vitamin K
18

Vitamins
A)may function as hormones in the body.
B)have a stable chemical structure that is unaffected by heat.
C)can be manufactured in the body from provitamins.
D)such as A, D, E, and K are water-soluble vitamins.
E)all of these
19

The two vitamins necessary for nucleic acid synthesis are folate and
A)vitamin A.
B)vitamin B1 (thiamine).
C)Vitamin B3 (niacin).
D)Vitamin B12 (cobalamin).
E)Vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
20

Which mineral is involved in blood clotting, muscle activity, and nerve function? A deficiency of this mineral causes spontaneous nerve discharge and tetany.
A)calcium
B)chlorine
C)iodine
D)iron
E)sodium
21

Which of these is NOT a function of minerals in the body?
A)acting as coenzymes
B)adding mechanical strength to bones and teeth
C)acting as buffers
D)acting as a regulator of osmotic pressure
E)acting as a source of energy
22

The energy-requiring process by which small molecules are joined to form larger molecules is
A)anabolism.
B)catabolism.
C)metabolism.
23

The energy currency of the cell is
A)fat.
B)ATP.
C)ADP.
D)enzymes.
E)vitamins.
24

Anaerobic respiration produces __________ ATPs and __________ as a waste product.
A)38, carbon dioxide
B)38, lactic acid
C)2, water
D)2, lactic acid
25

Aerobic respiration produces _______ ATPs and ______ require oxygen.
A)2, does not
B)2, does
C)38, does
D)38, does not
26

Lactic acid can be converted to __________ in the liver.
A)acetyl-coenzyme A
B)carbon dioxide
C)glucose
D)sucrose
E)water
27

Given these phases of aerobic respiration:

1. acetyl-coenzyme A formation
2. citric acid cycle
3. electron-transport chain
4. glycolysis

List the phases in the order they occur as a molecule of glucose is broken down.
A)1,4,2,3
B)2,1,4,3
C)3,2,4,1
D)3,4,1,2
E)4,1,2,3
28

Electron-carrier molecules that are used in the electron-transport chain to generate additional ATP are
A)NADH and FADH2.
B)glucose and ketone bodies.
C)pyruvic acid and lactic acid.
D)glucose and pyruvic acid.
E)acetyl-CoA and amino acids.
29

Besides ATP, the end products of aerobic respiration are
A)lactic acid and pyruvic acid.
B)lactic acid and citric acid.
C)carbon dioxide and water.
D)carbon dioxide, lactic acid, and water.
E)carbon dioxide and citric acid.
30

In the chemiosmotic model, __________ ions diffuse from the outer mitochondrial compartment to the inner mitochondrial compartment; as a result, ADP is converted to ATP.
A)calcium
B)chloride
C)hydrogen
D)potassium
E)sodium
31

At the end of aerobic respiration, all six carbon atoms from the glucose molecule are
A)found in carbonic acid molecules.
B)found in carbon dioxide molecules.
C)found in NADH molecules.
D)still present in glucose.
E)converted to form fructose.
32

About 99% of the body's energy storage is in the form of
A)amino acids.
B)glucose.
C)glycogen.
D)lipids.
E)proteins.
33

In the process of beta-oxidation, two carbon atoms are removed from the end of a(n) __________ to form __________ .
A)amino acids, fatty acids
B)amino acids, acetyl-CoA
C)acetyl-CoA, fatty acids
D)fatty acid, amino acids
E)fatty acid, acetyl-CoA
34

The conversion of acetyl-CoA into acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid or acetone is called
A)gluconeogenesis.
B)glycogenolysis.
C)glycogenesis.
D)ketogenesis.
E)lipogenesis.
35

To produce a nonessential amino acid, keto acids are converted to amino acids by the process of
A)beta-oxidation.
B)ketogenesis.
C)lipogenesis.
D)oxidative deamination.
E)transamination.
36

The process by which amino acids and glycerol can be converted to glucose is called
A)beta-oxidation.
B)gluconeogenesis.
C)glycogenesis.
D)glycogenolysis.
E)lipogenesis.
37

During the absorptive state,
A)as glycogen is depleted, fats are used as an energy source.
B)excess glucose is converted into glycogen or fats.
C)fatty acids are converted to acetyl-CoA.
D)acetyl-CoA is used to produce ketone bodies in the liver.
E)proteins are metabolized or converted into glucose.
38

Which of these forms of metabolic energy use is normally the smallest?
A)basal metabolism
B)muscular activity
C)thermic effect of food
39

One pound of body fat is equal to about
A)4.825 kcal.
B)270 kcal.
C)2700 kcal.
D)4091 kcal.
E)6000 kcal.
40

The gain or loss of heat as infrared energy between two objects that are not in physical contact with each other is called
A)convection.
B)evaporation.
C)radiation.
D)conduction.