McGraw-Hill OnlineMcGraw-Hill Higher EducationLearning Center
Student Center | Instructor Center | Information Center | Home
Essential Study Partner
Histology Atlas
GetBodySmart
Course Tools
Spanish A&P Glossary
Human Body Case Studies
Animation Activities
Laboratory Exercises
Johnson Explorations
Links Library
MediaPhys
GradeSummit
A&P Arcade
Chapter Quiz
Study Outline
Labeling Exercises
Flashcards
Crossword Puzzles
Concentration Game
Links Library
Feedback
Help Center


Anatomy and Physiology, 6/e
Rod Seeley, Idaho State University
Trent Stephens, Idaho State University
Philip Tate, Phoenix College

Histology: The Study of Tissues

Chapter Quiz



1

The embryonic germ layer from which the skin and nervous system are derived is
A)ectoderm.
B)endoderm.
C)mesoderm.
2

All of these characteristics correctly describe epithelial cells EXCEPT:
A)cover surfaces, either outside or inside the body.
B)usually have a free surface and a basal surface.
C)have little extracellular material between them.
D)have specialized cell contacts, such as tight junctions and desmosomes.
E)capillaries penetrate the basement membrane to provide a good blood supply.
3

Tall, thin epithelial cells with only some cells reaching the free surface, but with all cells attached to the basement membrane are called
A)simple squamous epithelium.
B)simple cuboidal epithelium.
C)simple columnar epithelium.
D)pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
E)transitional epithelium.
4

Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium is found in the
A)lining of the mouth.
B)lining of the urinary bladder.
C)lining of the small intestine.
D)pancreas.
E)skin.
5

Epithelial cells that can stretch from a cuboidal or columnar shape to a squamous shape are called
A)simple squamous epithelium.
B)simple cuboidal epithelium.
C)simple columnar epithelium.
D)pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
E)transitional epithelium.
6

In which of these locations would pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium intermixed with goblet cells be found?
A)lining of blood vessels
B)lining of nasal cavity and trachea
C)lining of serous membranes
D)lining of the small intestine
E)surface of the skin
7

The lining of blood vessels is covered with
A)simple ciliated cuboidal epithelium.
B)simple squamous epithelium.
C)transitional epithelium.
D)simple columnar epithelium with microvilli.
E)simple ciliated columnar epithelium.
8

Which of these cell connections attach epithelial cells to the basement membrane?
A)desmosomes
B)gap junctions
C)hemidesmosomes
D)tight junctions
E)zonula occludens
9

The __________ are part of tight junctions and form a permeability barrier between adjacent cells.
A)desmosomes
B)hemidesmosomes
C)intercalated disks
D)zonula adherens
E)zonula occludens
10

Gap junctions
A)are small protein channels between cells.
B)can function to coordinate movements of cilia.
C)allow ions and small molecules to pass between cells.
D)are found in intercalated disks in cardiac muscle cells.
E)all of these
11

Glands that produce hormones are
A)apocrine glands.
B)endocrine glands.
C)exocrine glands.
D)holocrine glands.
E)merocrine glands.
12

Glands that secrete substances with no actual loss of cellular material are
A)apocrine glands.
B)holocrine glands.
C)merocrine glands.
D)Sebaceous glands.
E)all of these.
13

Branching glands that terminate in saclike structures are called
A)simple tubular.
B)compound tubular.
C)compound coiled tubular.
D)simple acinar.
E)compound acinar.
14

Which of these is NOT found in connective tissue?
A)hyaluronic acid
B)basement membrane
C)collagen fibers
D)fluid
E)reticular fibers
15

Connective tissue cells that produce the extracellular matrix are called
A)blast cells.
B)cyte cells.
C)clast cells.
D)macrophages.
E)mast cells.
16

The connective tissue that forms "packing" around organs and attaches the skin to underlying structures is
A)loose (areolar).
B)dense regular collagenous.
C)dense regular elastic.
D)dense irregular collagenous.
E)dense irregular elastic.
17

In which of these locations is dense irregular collagenous connective tissue found?
A)walls of large arteries
B)tendons
C)nuchal ligament
D)dermis of the skin
E)reticular tissue
18

Hemopoietic tissue is found in
A)adipose tissue.
B)cartilage.
C)the dermis of the skin.
D)red marrow.
E)yellow marrow.
19

A tissue with collagen fibers, proteoglycans, and chondrocytes is
A)adipose.
B)blood.
C)bone.
D)cartilage.
E)dense connective tissue.
20

Which of these tissues has cells located in lacunae?
A)adipose
B)blood
C)bone
D)cartilage
E)both c and d
21

Which type of tissue is described by the following three characteristics?

1. matrix composed almost entirely of collagen fibers
2. fibers can all be oriented in the same direction or in many different directions
3. able to withstand great pulling forces in the direction of fiber orientation
A)adipose
B)bone
C)cartilage
D)dense connective tissue
E)loose (areolar) connective tissue
22

Which of these substances gives cartilage the ability to spring back after being compressed?
A)reticular fibers
B)collagen fibers
C)elastic fibers
D)proteoglycan aggregates
E)adipocytes
23

Which of the following characteristics apply to hyaline cartilage?

1. more collagen than proteoglycans present
2. found in the trachea and bronchi
3. has many elastic fibers
4. appears glassy and translucent in the microscope
5. found between vertebrae
A)1,2,3
B)1,4
C)2,4
D)2,3,4
E)3,4,5
24

Which tissue possesses all of the following characteristics?

1. cells cylindrical in shape
2. striated
3. usually one nucleus per cell
4. often branched and connected by intercalated disks
5. under involuntary control
A)bone
B)nervous tissue
C)cardiac muscle
D)skeletal muscle
E)smooth muscle
25

Which of these tissue types does NOT contain collagen fibers?
A)areolar connective tissue
B)dense regular connective tissue
C)skeletal muscle
D)cartilage
E)bone
26

In which of these tissues is hydroxyapatite found?
A)areolar connective tissue
B)dense regular connective tissue
C)skeletal muscle
D)cartilage
E)bone
27

In cartilage, blood vessels and nerves are located only in the
A)lacunae.
B)hydroxyapatite.
C)collagen fibers.
D)perichondrium.
E)proteoglycans.
28

In which of these tissues are lamellae and trabeculae found?
A)areolar connective tissue
B)bone
C)dense regular connective tissue
D)skeletal muscle
E)cartilage
29

Jimmy Flatout had an emergency appendectomy. As the surgeon cut through the abdominal wall into the peritoneal cavity, all of these tissue types were cut EXCEPT:
A)dense irregular connective tissue.
B)pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium.
C)simple squamous epithelium.
D)skeletal muscle.
E)adipose tissue.
30

In nerve cells, the __________ contains the nucleus and is the site of general cell functions.
A)axon
B)cell body
C)dendrite
D)neuroglia
31

In nerve cells, processes that conduct action potentials away from the cell body are
A)axons.
B)dendrites.
C)neuroglia.
D)reticular fibers.
E)all of these
32

Mesenchyme tissue, from which connective tissue is derived, is formed from neural crest cells and
A)ectoderm.
B)endoderm.
C)mesoderm.
D)hypodermis.
E)epidermis.
33

Which of these membranes contains a layer of mesothelium?
A)mucous membrane
B)serous membrane
C)synovial membrane
34

__________ membranes line the pericardial, peritoneal, and pleural cavities.
A)Mucous
B)Serous
C)Synovial
35

Inflammation of the membranes associated with the abdominopelvic cavity is called
A)pericarditis.
B)peritonitis.
C)pleurisy.
D)rhinitis.
E)periostitis.
36

Which of these is NOT a chemical mediator of inflammation?
A)histamine
B)kinins
C)leukotrienes
D)neutrophils
E)prostaglandins
37

Which of these processes occurs because of the release of chemical mediators of inflammation from injured tissues?
A)dilation of blood vessels
B)stimulation of pain receptors
C)increased permeability of blood vessels
D)edema
E)all of these
38

Which of these tissues readily regenerates following an injury?
A)skeletal muscle cells
B)cardiac muscle cells
C)smooth muscle cells
D)neurons
E)all of these
39

Which of these cells are stable cells?
A)liver cells
B)mucous membrane cells
C)neurons
D)skeletal muscle cells
E)skin cells
40

Which of these processes does NOT occur in both primary and secondary union?
A)formation of granulation tissue
B)scar formation
C)clot formation from fibrin
D)pus formation from neutrophils that move into the tissue
E)wound contraction