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Anatomy and Physiology, 6/e
Rod Seeley, Idaho State University
Trent Stephens, Idaho State University
Philip Tate, Phoenix College

Articulations and Movement

Chapter Quiz



1

Which of these types of joints are bones united by fibrous connective tissue, with no joint cavity, and with little or no movement?
A)synchondrosis
B)syndesmosis
C)symphysis
D)synovial
E)all of these
2

A wide area between sutures in a newborn is called a
A)synchondrosis.
B)syndesmosis.
C)synostosis.
D)gomphosis.
E)fontanel.
3

The radioulnar joint, or interosseus membrane, is an example of a
A)synchondrosis.
B)syndesmosis.
C)synostosis.
D)gomphosis.
E)symphysis.
4

When the epiphyseal plate becomes the epiphyseal line, the synchondrosis joint becomes a
A)symphysis.
B)syndesmosis.
C)synostosis.
D)gomphosis.
E)suture.
5

The articulations between the teeth and the alveolar processes are
A)symphyses.
B)syndesmoses.
C)synchondroses.
D)gomphoses.
E)synovial joints.
6

The articulation between the first rib and the sternum is a
A)symphysis.
B)syndesmosis.
C)synchondrosis.
D)gomphosis.
E)synovial joint.
7

Which of these types of joints exhibits the greatest amount of movement?
A)cartilaginous joints
B)gomphosis joints
C)suture joints
D)syndesmosis joints
E)synovial joints
8

Most joints that unite the bones of the appendicular skeleton are
A)symphysis joints.
B)syndesmosis joints.
C)synchondrosis joints.
D)gomphosis joints.
E)synovial joints.
9

Synovial joints are always enclosed by a
A)cartilage layer.
B)joint capsule.
C)tendon sheath.
D)synostosis.
E)synchondrosis.
10

Articular surfaces of bones within synovial joints are covered with
A)articular cartilage.
B)synovial membrane.
C)a fibrous capsule.
D)a tendon sheath.
E)fibrocartilage.
11

Synovial fluid is secreted by
A)bone cells.
B)cartilage cells.
C)adipose cells.
D)the synovial membrane.
E)both a and b
12

In synovial joints, blood vessels and nerves do not enter the
A)articular cartilage.
B)joint cavity.
C)bone.
D)synovial membrane.
E)both a and b
13

A pocket, or sac, filled with synovial fluid that extends for a distance away from the rest of the joint cavity is called
A)a bursa.
B)articular cartilage.
C)an articular disk.
D)the periosteum.
E)a herniation.
14

Which of these structures is NOT covered with synovial membrane?
A)articular cartilage
B)bursa
C)joint cavity
D)tendon sheath
15

An example of a plane, or gliding, joint is the
A)shoulder.
B)elbow.
C)ankle.
D)articular processes between vertebrae.
E)atlantooccipital joint.
16

The joint between the dens of the axis and the atlas is a(n)
A)ball-and-socket joint.
B)ellipsoid joint.
C)hinge joint.
D)pivot joint.
E)plane, or gliding joint.
17

The joint between the occipital condyles and the atlas (atlantooccipital joint) is a(n)
A)ball-and-socket joint.
B)ellipsoid joint.
C)hinge joint.
D)pivot joint.
E)plane, or gliding joint.
18

Raising your arm to point at something straight ahead of you involves
A)abduction of the arm.
B)adduction of the arm.
C)circumduction of the arm.
D)extension of the arm.
E)flexion of the arm.
19

Moving your arm laterally away from your body is
A)abduction.
B)adduction.
C)circumduction.
D)extension.
E)flexion.
20

Kicking a football straight ahead with your toes involves what movement of your thigh?
A)abduction
B)adduction
C)circumduction
D)extension
E)flexion
21

Kicking a football straight ahead with your toes involves what movement of your leg?
A)abduction
B)adduction
C)circumduction
D)extension
E)flexion
22

When a suspect is arrested by the police, typically they are handcuffed behind their back. In this position, the suspect's arms are
A)abducted.
B)adducted.
C)circumducted.
D)extended.
E)flexed.
23

When someone is going to place something in the palm of your hand, your hand must be
A)abducted.
B)adducted.
C)flexed.
D)pronated.
E)supinated.
24

To walk on her toes, a ballerina must be able to __________ her feet for long periods of time.
A)abduct
B)dorsiflex
C)evert
D)invert (supinate)
E)plantarflex
25

You are sitting on a chair. To stand up, you must __________ your thighs and __________ your legs.
A)abduct, flex
B)extend, extend
C)extend, flex
D)flex, flex
E)flex, extend
26

Tilting the head posteriorly to look up at the sky requires
A)abduction of the neck.
B)adduction of the neck.
C)circumduction of the neck.
D)extension of the neck.
E)flexion of the neck.
27

Touching the thumb with the little finger is called
A)abduction.
B)adduction.
C)flexion.
D)opposition.
E)reposition.
28

A person who is standing and bends to tie their shoe is __________ their trunk.
A)abducting
B)adducting
C)circumducting
D)extending
E)flexing
29

A person who is standing in the anatomic position has their hands __________ and their forearms __________.
A)pronated, flexed
B)pronated, extended
C)supinated, flexed
D)supinated, extended
E)abducted, extended
30

A baby in the fetal position has most of its joints
A)abducted.
B)adducted.
C)circumducted.
D)extended.
E)flexed.
31

Shrugging your shoulders to indicate you don't know the answer to a question involves
A)depression of the scapulae.
B)lateral excursion of the scapulae.
C)elevation of the scapulae.
D)protraction of the scapulae.
E)retraction of the scapulae.
32

Which of these movements is NOT required for a person in the military to salute?
A)flexion of the forearm
B)abduction of the arm
C)supination of the hand
33

Sometimes people with TMJ disorders bruxate (grind side-to-side) their teeth at night. This movement is
A)medial and lateral rotation of the mandible.
B)lateral excursion of the mandible.
C)circumduction of the mandible.
D)flexion and extension of the mandible.
E)abduction and adduction of the mandible.
34

The temporomandibular joint is predominately a(n)
A)ball-and-socket joint.
B)ellipsoid joint.
C)hinge joint.
D)pivot joint.
35

The fibrocartilage articular disks in this joint are referred to as menisci.
A)ankle
B)hip
C)knee
D)shoulder
E)temporomandibular
36

The ligamentum teres is found in this joint in 80% of the population.
A)ankle
B)hip
C)knee
D)shoulder
E)temporomandibular
37

Which of these joints has the largest number of ligaments and bursae?
A)ankle
B)hip
C)knee
D)shoulder
E)temporomandibular
38

Which of these joints has neither fibrocartilage articular disks nor a labrum to support the joint?
A)ankle
B)hip
C)knee
D)shoulder
E)temporomandibular
39

Which of these movements of the foot causes ankle sprains most frequently?
A)abduction
B)dorsiflexion
C)eversion
D)inversion
E)plantarflexion
40

Which joint contains cruciate and collateral ligaments?
A)ankle
B)hip
C)knee
D)shoulder
E)temporomandibular