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Traditions and Encounters Book Cover
Traditions and Encounters, 2/e
Jerry H. Bentley, University of Hawai'i
Herbert F. Ziegler, University of Hawai'i

AFRICA AND THE ATLANTIC WORLD

Study Questions



1

Compare the decline of Songhay with the decline of the Swahili city-states of east Africa.
2

How was the kingdom of Kongo transformed by its contacts with the Portuguese?
3

What were the objectives of Dutch colonists in South Africa? What kind of colony did they establish? Compare these objectives to the Portuguese objectives in colonizing Angola.
4

In what ways did Islam adapt to the customs and traditions of sub-Saharan Africa? Consider Songhay as an example. Where had strict Islam taken root by the end of the seventeenth century?
5

Besides religion, what other changes came to sub-Saharan Africa as a result of increased contact with the outside world?
6

Compare the institution of slavery within traditional African society with slavery as practiced in Europe and the New World.
7

What was the impact of the trans-Atlantic slave trade on the societies of west Africa? Consider social, political, and demographic effects.
8

Compare the experience of slaves in the Caribbean, in Brazil, and in North America.
9

What are some of the enduring elements of African-American culture? What elements of a culture can survive the ordeal and disruption of slavery?
10

What factors ultimately led to the abolition of the slave trade and ultimately to the abolition of slavery itself?