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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Stratification By Gender And Age

Multiple Choice Quiz

In each of the following, select the phrase that best completes the statement:



1

The most crucial agent of socialization in teaching gender roles in the United States is:
A)peers
B)teachers
C)media personalities
D)parents
2

Which of the following is not a component of the male gender role as outlined by Robert Brannon and James Doyle?
A)success element-prove one's masculinity at work and sports
B)aggressive element-use force in dealing with others
C)subordination element-place one's needs after those of spouse and children
D)self-reliant element-keep cool and unflappable
3

In which culture of New Guinea were expectations of each sex almost the reverse of those found in the United States?
A)Arapesh
B)Mundugumor
C)Tchambuli
D)Klingons
4

Males who are supportive of feminism are most likely to belong to which of the following movements?
A)the Promise Keepers
B)NOMAS
C)SADD
D)both a and b
5

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that the relationship between females and males has been one of unequal power, with men in a dominant position over women?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)dramaturgical perspective
6

Which sociological perspective makes the distinction between instrumental and expressive roles?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)labeling theory
7

Elaine Cumming and William Henry introduced an explanation of the impact of aging known as:
A)disengagement theory
B)activity theory
C)labeling theory
D)the contact hypothesis
8

In studying gender stratification, which sociological perspective typically focuses on the micro level of everyday behavior, such as cross-sex conversation?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)each of the above
9

Which sociological perspective acknowledges that it is not possible to change gender roles drastically without dramatic revisions in a culture's social structure?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)both a and b
10

In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor was sworn in as the nation's first female:
A)senator
B)governor
C)Supreme Court justice
D)attorney general
11

Which of the following statements about the status of women around the world is correct?
A)It is estimated that women grow half the world's food, but they rarely own land.
B)Women constitute one-third of the world's paid labor force but are generally found in the lowest paying jobs.
C)Single-parent households headed by women¾which appear to be on the increase in many nations¾are typically found in the poorest section of the population.
D)all of the above
12

In 1998, approximately what percentage of adult women in the United States held jobs outside the home?
A)24 percent
B)38 percent
C)60 percent
D)87 percent
13

Which sociologist has used the phase "second shift" to describe the double burden¾work outside the home followed by child care and housework¾that many women face and few men share equitably?
A)Heidi Hartmann
B)Arlie Hochschild
C)Talcott Parsons
D)Kristin Luker
14

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that once people are categorized as "old" in the United States, this designation will have a major impact on how they are perceived and even on how they view themselves?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)labeling theory
15

Which field of study was originally developed in the 1930s as an increasing number of social scientists became aware of the plight of the elderly?
A)geriatrics
B)gerontology
C)gerontocracy
D)senilicide