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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Communities And The Environment

Multiple Choice Quiz

In each of the following, select the phrase that best completes the statement:



1

Urbanization in preindustrial cities was restricted by:
A)reliance on animal power as a source of energy
B)the high levels of surplus produced by the agricultural sector
C)the ease of migration to the city
D)all of the above
2

In comparison with industrial cities, preindustrial cities had:
A)relatively open class systems
B)extensive social mobility
C)a much more rigid division of labor by gender
D)all of the above
3

Louis Wirth argued that a relatively large and permanent settlement leads to distinctive patterns of behavior, which he called:
A)squatting
B)linear development
C)urbanism
D)gentrification
4

In which type of city does religion become fragmented and there is greater openness to new religious faiths?
A)preindustrial city
B)industrial city
C)postindustrial city
D)edge cities
5

Robert Park and Ernest Burgess are associated with:
A)the functionalist perspective
B)the conflict perspective
C)the linear-development model
D)urban ecology
6

The multiple-nuclei theory of urban growth was presented by:
A)Ernest Burgess
B)Homer Hoyt
C)Ferdinand Tonnies
D)C. D. Harris and Edward L. Ullman
7

Which group of sociologists note that developers, bankers, and other powerful real estate interests view housing as an investment and are primarily concerned with maximizing profit, not with solving social problems?
A)urban ecologists
B)new urban sociologists
C)functionalists
D)human ecologists
8

World systems analysis is closely aligned with:
A)the concentric zone theory
B)the multiple-nuclei theory
C)new urban sociology
D)zone sector theory
9

According to Herbert Gans, residents who remain in the city to take advantage of the unique cultural and intellectual benefits of the city are called:
A)cosmopolites
B)ethnic villagers
C)urban villagers
D)the trapped
10

Herbert Gans called urban residents who prefer to live in their own tight-knit communities:
A)cosmopolites
B)ethnic villagers
C)the trapped
D)gentrofiles
11

According to Gerald Suttles, a gated community would be an example of a(n):
A)edge city
B)defended neighborhood
C)urban enclave
D)ethnic village
12

The most dramatic population trend in the United States throughout the twentieth century has been:
A)urbanization
B)suburbanization
C)the move to the sunbelt
D)the move to the "old homestead" in rural areas
13

According to Riley Dunlap, which one of the following is not a basic function that the natural environment serves for humans?
A)The environment provides the resources essential for life.
B)The environment serves as a waste depository.
C)The environment provides a natural setting for social inequalities.
D)The environment "houses" our species.
14

What proportion of employment in nonurban counties in the United States is accounted for by agriculture?
A)9 percent
B)22 percent
C)41 percent
D)63 percent
15

Which of the following is predicted to be a major influence on cities during the next 50 years?
A)pollution
B)the Internet
C)urban renewal
D)deindustrialization