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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Sociological Research

Multiple Choice Quiz

In each of the following, select the phrase that best completes the statement:



1

The first step in any sociological research project is to:
A)collect data
B)define the problem
C)review previous research
D)formulate a hypothesis
2

Formulating the hypothesis is the __________ step in the scientific method.
A)first
B)second
C)third
D)fourth
3

In most instances, how well a student does on a test is determined by how much the student studies for it. In this example, studying for an exam is a(n):
A)correlation
B)independent variable
C)dependent variable
D)sample
4

A detailed plan or method for obtaining data scientifically is called a(n):
A)sample
B)experiment
C)research design
D)scientific method
5

The study of the interracial friendships conducted by the Tom Smith who heads up the General Social Survey is an example of:
A)observation research
B)a survey
C)content analysis
D)an experiment
6

In order to genuinely reflect a broad range of the population, a survey must be based on precise:
A)representative sampling
B)experiments
C)surveys
D)hypotheses
7

Which of the following would be an example of a random sample? A researcher:
A)administers a questionnaire to every fifth woman who enters a business office
B)examines the attitudes of residents of a city by interviewing every twentieth name in the city's telephone book
C)studies the attitudes of Democratic voters by choosing every tenth name found on a city's list of registered Democrats
D)None of the above.
8

A researcher can obtain a higher response rate by using which type of survey?
A)interviews
B)questionnaires
C)representative samples
D)observation techniques
9

William F. Whyte's study of a low-income Italian neighborhood in Boston was a classic example of:
A)participant observation research
B)a survey
C)content analysis
D)an experiment
10

Which one of the following is exposed to an independent variable?
A)the control group
B)the representative group
C)the experimental group
D)none of the above
11

An instructor wants to determine if giving essay tests increases student learning. In one class that the instructor teaches, she continues to test as she has always done. In another class, she gives the students essay questions. She then measures the differences in learning, if any, between the two classes. The class that is given essay questions is the:
A)control group
B)representative group
C)experimental group
D)correlation group
12

A researcher examines the literature written by Black novelists during the "Negro Renaissance" (1913-1935) to see if they reflect the political movements going on in the Black community in the United States at that time. What type of research methodology is being used in this example?
A)secondary analysis
B)interviews
C)observation
D)content analysis
13

Which one of the following statements is not part of the Code of Ethics developed by the American Sociological Association? Researchers must:
A)acknowledge research collaboration and assistance
B)preserve the confidentiality of their subjects
C)protect their subjects from personal harm
D)make all research notes available for public scrutiny
14

Max Weber:
A)recognized that it is impossible for scholars to prevent their personal values from influencing their work
B)stressed that researchers had to maintain the confidentiality of their subjects
C)emphasized that under no conditions could a researcher allow his or her personal feelings to influence the interpretation of data
D)all of the above
15

Which one of the following is a finding of the National Health and Social Life Survey?
A)The most likely place to meet a spouse is at school.
B)Adults in the United States have sex 2-3 times per week.
C)Forty-seven percent of all women reported that they had been coerced into a sexual encounter at some time.
D)Eleven percent of men and nine percent of women stated that they were homosexual or bisexual.