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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Socialization

Multiple Choice Quiz

In each of the following, select the phrase that best completes the statement:



1

Isabelle was:
A)reared in an interracial family
B)kept in almost total seclusion for the first six years of her life
C)subjected to mistreatment in a mental institution
D)a child whose language skills were of genius caliber
2

Harry Harlow conducted a study of:
A)Isabelle and the impact of social isolation on the socialization process
B)Nell and the impact of social isolation on the socialization process
C)rhesus monkeys that had been raised away from their mothers
D)nature versus nurture that focused on sociobiology
3

The current debate on sociobiology focuses on the work of Harvard University zoologist:
A)Jean Piaget
B)Edward O. Wilson
C)Erving Goffman
D)Harry Harlow
4

Which of the following used the phrase looking-glass self to emphasize that the self is the product of our social interactions with other people?
A)George Herbert Mead
B)Charles Horton Cooley
C)Erving Goffman
D)Harry Harlow
5

Which sociologist distinguished between significant others and generalized others?
A)George Herbert Mead
B)Charles Horton Cooley
C)Erving Goffman
D)W. I. Thomas
6

In studying the strategies that college students employ to create desired appearances after grades have been awarded, sociologists Daniel Albas and Cheryl Albas drew upon the concept of impression management developed by:
A)George Herbert Mead
B)Charles Horton Cooley
C)Erving Goffman
D)Jean Piaget
7

A person does poorly on a college chemistry test and later tells a friend: "The exam wasn't fair! There were trick questions and it covered material that we weren't assigned!" This is an example of:
A)reverse socialization
B)face-work
C)studied nonobservance
D)anticipatory socialization
8

Sociologist Alvin Gouldner sees Erving Goffman's work on social behavior as implicitly reaffirming the status quo, especially social class inequalities. Gouldner's critique is associated with the:
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)psychoanalytic perspective
9

Jean Piaget found that although newborns have no self in the sense of a looking-glass image, they are quite:
A)ethnocentric
B)self-centered
C)other-directed
D)deterministic
10

Which of the following is considered a total institution?
A)a university
B)a mental hospital
C)a factory
D)each of the above
11

On the first day of basic training in the army, a recruit has his civilian clothes replaced with army "greens," has his hair shaved off, loses his privacy, and finds that he must use a communal bathroom. All of these humiliating activities are part of a(n):
A)significant other
B)impression management
C)degradation ceremony
D)face-work
12

The institution most closely associated with the process of socialization is the:
A)family
B)peer group
C)school
D)state
13

In the twentieth century, the family's protective function has increasingly been transferred to outside agencies such as:
A)hospitals
B)mental health clinics
C)insurance companies
D)all of the above
14

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that schools in the United States foster competition through built-in systems of reward and punishment?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)psychological perspective
15

Which term was used by Wilbert Moore to refer to reluctantly adjusting to the more unpleasant aspects of one's job?
A)commitment
B)role taking
C)conditioning
D)anticipatory socialization