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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Groups And Organizations

True or False Quiz



1

McDonaldization refers to the growing appreciation of fast food amongst all types of groups around the world.
A)True
B)False
2

Members of a primary group, such as neighbors, close friends, and especially kinfolk play a vital role in assisting people to follow complicated schedules for taking prescription medicines.
A)True
B)False
3

Each of the following statements implies the existence of reference groups: "Our generation does not have those sexual hang-ups," "We Christians go to church every week," and "We have to support our troops in Bosnia."
A)True
B)False
4

Charles Horton Cooley is credited as the first sociologist to emphasize the importance of bureaucratic structure.
A)True
B)False
5

The five characteristics of bureaucracies that Weber discussed include division of labor, hierarchy of authority, written rules and regulations, dysfunctions, and impersonality.
A)True
B)False
6

Although division of labor has certainly been beneficial in the performance of many complex bureaucracies, in some cases it can lead to the Peter principle; that is, workers become so specialized that they develop blind spots and fail to notice obvious problems.
A)True
B)False
7

Max Weber used the term goal displacement to refer to overzealous conformity to official regulations.
A)True
B)False
8

Geert Hofstede's cross-cultural study of formal organizations indicated that there are mental programs-ingrained ways of thinking, feeling, and acting-that influence behavior in formal organizations in different cultures.
A)True
B)False
9

The iron law of oligarchy describes how even a democratic organization will develop into a bureaucracy ruled by a few (the oligarchy).
A)True
B)False
10

Informal understandings among workers can redefine official policies of bureaucracy.
A)True
B)False