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Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 4/e
Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

Stratification In The United States And Worldwide

Multiple Choice Quiz

In each of the following, select the phrase that best completes the statement:



1

The most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals or groups is:
A)slavery
B)open class systems
C)closed caste systems
D)caste systems
2

The caste system is generally associated with:
A)Hinduism
B)Islam
C)Judaism
D)Buddhism
3

In sociologist Daniel Rossides's model of the class system of the United States, the class with the smallest proportion of the population is the:
A)upper class
B)upper middle class
C)lower middle class
D)lower class
4

In Karl Marx's view, the destruction of the capitalist system will occur only if the working class first develops:
A)bourgeois consciousness
B)false consciousness
C)class consciousness
D)caste consciousness
5

Which of the following are viewed by sociologists as analytically distinct components of stratification?
A)conformity, deviance, and social control
B)class, status, and power
C)class, caste, and age
D)class, prestige, and esteem
6

The intellectual tradition at the heart of conflict theory begins principally with the work of:
A)Max Weber
B)Émile Durkheim
C)Erving Goffman
D)Karl Marx
7

Which sociological perspective argues that stratification is universal and that social inequality is necessary so that people will be motivated to fill socially important positions?
A)functionalist perspective
B)conflict perspective
C)interactionist perspective
D)labeling perspective
8

__________ refers to the reputation that a specific person has earned within an occupation.
A)prestige
B)esteem
C)status
D)power
9

In 1999, about what percentage of the wealth of the United States was held by the richest fifth (or 20 percent) of the population?
A)23 percent
B)38 percent
C)85 percent
D)75 percent
10

In 1995, 45 percent of poor people in the United States were living in:
A)central cities
B)the suburbs
C)rural areas
D)Appalachia
11

In central cities, about 49 percent of the underclass are:
A)Whites
B)Asians
C)Hispanics
D)African Americans
12

The sinking of the SS Titanic is an example of how social class can affect life chances because:
A)only 705 poor passengers survived
B)poor passengers were slow to respond to emergency sirens
C)emergency procedures favored first and second-class passengers
D)all of the above
13

Sociological studies of colonialism suggest that:
A)colonialism has largely disappeared
B)colonialism was, for the most part, beneficial for poor, uncivilized countries
C)colonialism was inevitable and necessary for human civilization
D)colonialism is perpetuated to this day by practices known as neo-colonialism
14

A plumber whose father was a physician is an example of:
A)downward intergenerational mobility
B)upward intergenerational mobility
C)downward intragenerational mobility
D)upward intragenerational mobility
15

A film star whose parents were both factory workers illustrates:
A)upward intergenerational mobility
B)upward intragenerational mobility
C)downward intergenerational mobility
D)downward intragenerational mobility