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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1

How many species of fungi are thought to exist?
A)1500
B)150,000
C)1.5 million
D)1.5 billion
2

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the fungi?
A)They are all absorptive heterotrophs.
B)They have cell walls made of chitin.
C)Mitosis takes place within the nuclear membrane.
D)They are all motile.
3

A mycelium is
A)a specialized reproductive structure of a fungus.
B)a mass of connected fungal hyphae.
C)a mutualistic relationship between a fungus and a plant.
D)a partition between the cells of fungal hyphae.
4

Which of the following statements best describes fungi?
A)All are eukaryotic, multicellular autotrophs.
B)All are eukaryotic heterotrophs that feed by absorption.
C)All are prokaryotic, multicellular autotrophs.
D)All are eukaryotic heterotrophs that feed by ingestion.
5

A wildlife pathologist is examining some skin tissue from a dead frog. She notes the presence of a fungus. She cultures some of the fungal cells and notices that some of the cells are flagellated. She concludes that the frog has a fungal disease caused by
A)an ascomycete.
B)a zygomycete.
C)a basdiomycete.
D)a chytrid.
6

You are walking in the woods and see a fungus that is unfamiliar to you. You remove a reproductive structure, and take it home to examine further. When you look at it under the microscope, you find a zygosporangium. Based on this information alone, this fungus is a(n)
A)zygomycete.
B)chytrid.
C)basidiomycete.
D)ascomycete.
7

A basidium is typically observed in the common
A)bread mold.
B)gilled mushroom.
C)lichen.
D)chytrid.
8

An ascomycete can be distinguished from other fungi
A)because ascomycetes are mainly diploid.
B)because ascomycetes lack a dikaryotic phase.
C)by the presence of eight sexual spores in an ascus.
D)by the presence of gills on the mycelium.
9

A lichen can be described as a mutualistic symbiosis between an ascomycete and a(n)
A)chytrid.
B)archeabacterium.
C)green alga.
D)angiosperm root.







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