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Glossary
Encounter 1: Music of Africa
Encounter 2: Music of India
Encounter 3: Music of Islam
Encounter 4: Music of China
Encounter 5: Music of Japan
Encounter 6: Native American
Encounter 7: Latin America
Encounter 8: Internationalism
Further Listening
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Music: The Art of Listening Book Cover
Music: The Art of Listening, 6/e
Jean Ferris, Arizona State University-Tempe


Multiple Choice Quiz



1

Many contemporary musicians define music as
A)"noise."
B)"musical sound."
C)"organized sound."
D)"natural sound."
2

The characteristic tone quality of a sound is determined by the voice or instrument which produces it.
A)true
B)false
3

The highness or lowness of a sound is called its
A)pitch.
B)color.
C)expression.
D)effect.
4

The loudness or softness of a pitch is called its __________ level.
A)color
B)lowest
C)highest
D)dynamic
5

Composers use changes in pitch and dynamic levels in their music to
A)organize the material.
B)achieve expressive effect.
C)both of these.
D)neither of these.
6

Changing the size of a vibrating medium causes it to produce a different pitch.
A)true
B)false
7

A faster rate of vibration causes a higher pitch, and a slower rate of vibration causes a lower pitch.
A)true
B)false
8

The rate of vibration of sound waves is called
A)color.
B)frequency.
C)dynamics.
D)timbre.
9

Moving from the left side to the right side of a piano produces tones relatively __________ in pitch.
A)lower
B)higher
C)louder
D)quieter
10

Inside a grand piano, the strings that are shorter and thinner produce lower tones than the strings that are longer and thicker.
A)true
B)false
11

We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names, using the letters __________ of the alphabet.
A)A through E
B)C through G
C)G through M
D)A through G
12

Each key of the keyboard represents one tone, and each of the seven different white keys bears one of seven letter names.
A)true
B)false
13

A C-sharp note is __________ in pitch than a C note.
A)higher
B)lower
14

A B-flat note is __________ in pitch than a B note.
A)higher
B)lower
15

Written music is said to be
A)sounded.
B)notated.
C)censored.
D)nebulous.
16

A musical staff has
A)four lines and five spaces.
B)five lines and four spaces.
C)five lines and five spaces.
D)four lines and four spaces.
17

The sign placed at the beginning of the staff to fix the position of all of the pitches on the staff is the
A)treble.
B)alto.
C)bass.
D)clef.
18

The treble clef is also called the ______ clef.
A)E
B)G
C)D
D)F
19

The bass clef is also called the _______ clef.
A)E
B)G
C)D
D)F
20

The musical term referring to the distance between two tones is
A)octave.
B)triad.
C)interval.
D)space.
21

Intervals have number names.
A)true
B)false
22

The interval from C to D is a(n)
A)second.
B)third.
C)fourth.
D)octave.
23

The interval from C to E is a(n)
A)second.
B)third.
C)fourth.
D)octave.
24

The interval from one C note to the C note eight tones above or below is called an eighth, or a(n)
A)second.
B)third.
C)fourth.
D)octave.
25

The two notes of an octave
A)have the same letter name.
B)look alike on the piano keyboard.
C)sound quite similar.
D)all of the above.
26

The higher tone of an octave is produced at three times the rate of vibration of the lower tone.
A)true
B)false
27

forte
A)loud
B)very soft
C)very loud
D)moderately soft
28

pianissimo
A)loud
B)very soft
C)very loud
D)moderately soft
29

fortissimo
A)loud
B)very soft
C)very loud
D)moderately soft
30

mezzopiano
A)loud
B)very soft
C)very loud
D)moderately soft
31

The term piano means a soft level of volume.
A)true
B)false
32

Mezzoforte is a very loud level of volume.
A)true
B)false
33

diminuendo
A)becoming softer
B)becoming louder
34

crescendo
A)becoming softer
B)becoming louder
35

A change in dynamic level during the performance of a composition may be achieved in two ways: the instruments or voices may simply play or sing louder or softer; and/or
A)the musicians may move closer to or farther from the audience.
B)the larger instruments or voices may overpower everyone else.
C)the smaller instruments or voices may gang up on the larger instruments.
D)a number of instruments or voices may be added or taken away.