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Glossary
Encounter 1: Music of Africa
Encounter 2: Music of India
Encounter 3: Music of Islam
Encounter 4: Music of China
Encounter 5: Music of Japan
Encounter 6: Native American
Encounter 7: Latin America
Encounter 8: Internationalism
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Music: The Art of Listening Book Cover
Music: The Art of Listening, 6/e
Jean Ferris, Arizona State University-Tempe


Multiple Choice



1

Although the Classical period produced much more vocal than instrumental music, very few operas and very little vocal religious music was composed during this time.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
2

Born in a German state and educated in Prague and Vienna, __________ spent four years studying and composing operas in Italy and was responsible for the reform opera.
A)Franz Joseph Haydn
B)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
C)Christoph Willibald Gluck
D)Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
3

Gluck proposed to __________ serious opera by imposing classical restraint upon it.
A)inform
B)reform
C)conform
D)perform
4

Gluck was impressed by a famous French Baroque composer, Jean-Philippe Rameau, who attempted with some success to integrate __________ into the drama of his works.
A)voices
B)ballet
C)scenery
D)libretto
5

Gluck wrote the first reform opera, which was
A)The Marriage of Figaro
B)Orfeo and Euridice
C)Apollo and Daphne
D)La Serva Padrona
E)The Magic Flute
6

In his reform operas, Gluck did all of the following except
A)writing music to serve, rather than dominate, the drama.
B)including many da capo arias because of their intense dramatic quality.
C)designing the overture as an integral part of the opera.
D)lessening the difference between aria and recitative, keeping both simple and natural.
7

The introductory orchestra piece of an opera is called the
A)introit.
B)prelude.
C)overture.
D)oratorio.
8

Gluck responded to a statement made by __________ that the French language was entirely unsuited to singing by effectively setting a French libretto to music.
A)Franz Joseph Haydn
B)Jean-Philippe Rameau
C)Jean-Jacques Rousseau
D)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
9

Due in large part to Gluck's efforts, French replaced Italian as the language of serious opera all over Europe in the eighteenth century.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
10

Light in mood and concerned with everyday characters and events, __________ operas developed in several countries during the eighteenth century.
A)serious
B)reform
C)comic
D)Baroque
11

Audiences appreciated the fact that comic operas were written in their own, local language and that all comic operas (except the Italian form) used spoken dialogue instead of recitative.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
12

In Italy during the early eighteenth century, short comic episodes interspersed between acts of a serious opera became so popular that composers used them as the basis for a new style of opera.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
13

The first comic opera was __________, written by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi.
A)The Marriage of Figaro
B)Orfeo and Euridice
C)La Serva Padrona
D)The Magic Flute
14

The opera buffa introduced the ensemble __________ to bring an act or an opera to a musically and dramatically exciting close.
A)coda
B)finale
C)postlude
D)intermezzo
15

One of history's most tragic figures, __________, began his performing career as a child prodigy.
A)Franz Joseph Haydn
B)Jean-Jacques Rousseau
C)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
D)Christoph Willibald Gluck
16

Although Mozart had a short life that was marked by financial difficulties
A)he was helped by the support and understanding that he received from both his father and his wife.
B)he delighted his audiences and was highly paid for his services.
C)he enjoyed the respect of his fellow composer Haydn.
D)none of the above.
17

All of the following are TRUE about Mozart's operas except
A)he felt that music was the supreme element of opera.
B)he wrote comic operas, serious operas, and a Singspiel.
C)some of his operas combine elements of the serious and comic styles.
D)classical restraint and proportion are often abandoned.
18

Mozart's opera buffa, The Marriage of Figaro, was based upon a politically volatile play by the French writer, Pierre Beaumarchais.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
19

In The Marriage of Figaro one of the main characters is a nobleman who is outwitted and humiliated by his own servants.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
20

Although the Classical period was primarily a secular age, the Church remained a strong influence in some areas of Europe; however, very few composers contributed to the repertoire of religious music.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
21

The following were all TRUE of Classical religious music except
A)the fugal style of Bach was considered inappropriate for the church.
B)expressive passages in homophonic texture were used.
C)lyrical melodies similar to those in bel canto opera were used.
D)the orchestra was very important, with many vocal sections based on instrumental forms of the Baroque and Classical periods.
22

After Bach and Handel, Protestant music declined because the music was supposed to be a functional part of the service rather than "art for art's sake."
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
23

When Haydn was criticized for writing religious music that was too "happy," he replied that he did not believe the Lord minded cheerful music.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
24

Just before he died, Mozart composed a __________, the Mass performed for funeral or memorial services.
A)Passion
B)Sanctus
C)Requiem
D)Prelude