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Glossary
Encounter 1: Music of Africa
Encounter 2: Music of India
Encounter 3: Music of Islam
Encounter 4: Music of China
Encounter 5: Music of Japan
Encounter 6: Native American
Encounter 7: Latin America
Encounter 8: Internationalism
Further Listening
Chapter Summary
Multiple Choice Quiz
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Music: The Art of Listening Book Cover
Music: The Art of Listening, 6/e
Jean Ferris, Arizona State University-Tempe


Multiple Choice



1

Contemporary composers represent a wide range of stylistic approaches that include traditionalists as well as modernists.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
2

Although some modern works are contemporary versions of well-established and long-appreciated music styles, the date of a composition is still the most reliable indication of a composer's stylistic ideals.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
3

__________ composers share the conviction that Western music should evolve in an orderly and logical manner.
A)Dadaist
B)Modernists
C)Mainstream
D)Avant-garde
4

No single composer leads a specific movement identified as the dominant style of contemporary music.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
5

Modal writing and references to Gregorian chant are just two examples of a renewed interest in __________ music among some twentieth-century composers.
A)Romantic
B)Classical
C)Baroque
D)Medieval
6

Two works that illustrate the use of Medieval concepts are Benjamin Britten's A Ceremony of Carols and Carl Orff's
A)Carmina Burana.
B)Mathis der Maler.
C)Symphony of Psalms.
D)Kleine Kammermusik.
7

A group of French composers who embraced popular music, jazz, and theater music as an alternative to the "serious" artistic movements of the modern period were called
A)the Dadaists
B)"Les Six"
C)the Mainstream
D)the avant-garde
8

The members of "Les Six" included all of the following except
A)Arthur Honegger
B)Erik Satie
C)Carl Orff
D)Darius Milhaud
9

The light, satirical style of __________, who wrote attractive and witty compositions with absurd, surrealistic titles such as Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear, pointed the way for other French composers.
A)Erik Satie
B)Louis Durey
C)Georges Auric
D)Darius Milhaud
E)ADarius Milhaud
10

Like Webern, Milhaud lessened the effect of harsh dissonances by combining voices of unlike timbres and thereby encouraged linear rather than "chordal" listening.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
11

In his search for new musical material upon which to base his compositions, Milhaud traveled widely, exploring the "exotic" sounds of jazz in America and of folk music in
A)Africa.
B)Brazil.
C)France.
D)Russia.
12

Milhaud was first introduced to jazz in a Paris cafe, where he heard a traveling French jazz band perform.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
13

Milhaud wrote a number of pieces based upon jazz; one of the most attractive is his ballet
A)Pulcinella.
B)Carmina Burana.
C)Songs of Separation.
D)La Creation du Monde.
14

Although nationalism was an important source of inspiration for Romantic composers in the late nineteenth century, in the modern era it has not been a significant factor in musical style.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
15

The field of __________ is the scientific study of music.
A)musicology
B)ophthalmology
C)Neoclassism
D)ethnomusicology
16

The study of music of specific cultures is the science of
A)musicology.
B)ophthalmology.
C)Neoclassism.
D)ethnomusicology.
17

For Bela Bartók, the folk music of __________ provided the most refreshing and provocative stimulus for the composition of art music.
A)Western Europe
B)Eastern Europe
C)North America
D)South America
18

In addition to his talents as a composer and scholar, Bartók was also an accomplished
A)violinist.
B)pianist.
C)music critic.
D)composition teacher.
19

Bartók's serious and scientific study of __________ music led him to become one of the first and finest ethnomusicologists.
A)poor
B)rock
C)jazz
D)folk
20

One of Bartók's early piano pieces, Allegro barbaro, has the narrow melodies, repetitive motives, and sharp, pounding rhythms associated with
A)Symbolism.
B)Primitivism.
C)Expressionism.
D)Impressionism.
21

Bartók agreed with the Romantic composers who believed that the simple folk-song melodies were accompanied by the simplest chords.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
22

Bartók's harmonic style included all of the following except
A)tone clusters.
B)total serialism.
C)chords built on fourths.
D)complexity and dissonance.
23

It has been suggested that Bartók was a composer of such stature as to rank with the three great "B's" of Western music–Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
24

Bartók wrote the Mikrokosmos, a set of six __________ of graded difficulty.
A)piano books
B)symphonies
C)operas
D)musicology books
25

Bartók's __________ are considered the finest since Beethoven's and are often compared with those of the late Viennese master for their strength and complexity.
A)symphonies
B)piano sonatas
C)art songs
D)string quartets
26

Like many musicians of his day, Bela Bartók was fascinated with the new popular style called jazz, which he incorporated into many of his works.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
27

In the early 1920s, __________ led the first generation of American composers determined to devote their professional lives to writing music.
A)Carl Orff
B)Henry Cowell
C)Aaron Copland
D)Benjamin Britten
28

An enormous influence on several generations of American composers, __________ was a gifted composition teacher who encouraged students to find their own, individual styles.
A)Lukas Foss
B)Pierre Boulez
C)Nadia Boulanger
D)Edward MacDowell
29

In the mid-1930s, Aaron Copland went through a change of style that included all of the following except
A)using American folk culture as a basis for his works.
B)trying to appeal to a wider audience.
C)incorporating jazz elements into his music.
D)basing some works on Mexican and Latin American themes.
30

In 1945, Copland won a Pulitzer Prize for his ballet, Fanfare for the Common Man, which was commissioned by the Martha Graham dance company, and eventually titled "Ballet for Martha."
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
31

Although many of George Gershwin's popular songs have become jazz standards, Gershwin himself is not considered a jazz musician or composer.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
32

Gershwin bridged the gap between popular and art music by writing Rhapsody in Blue, which reflected the character of jazz and yet was acceptable to a "cultured" audience.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
33

Gershwin composed the best known opera by an American composer,
A)An American in Paris.
B)Fascinatin' Rhythm.
C)Porgy and Bess.
D)none of the above.
34

Although Arnold Schoenberg's twelve-tone music seems far removed from Gershwin's jazz-inspired works, the two composers were good friends and respected each other's work.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
35

The father of twentieth-century Neoclassicism is
A)Carl Orff.
B)Henry Cowell.
C)Aaron Copland.
D)Igor Stravinsky.
36

Stravinsky's ballet __________ is often cited as the first work in the Neoclassical style.
A)Pulcinella
B)Carmina Burana
C)The Rite of Spring
D)Appalachian Spring
37

During the 1950s and 1960s, Stravinsky wrote several pieces based on Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
38

Political, social, and economic problems during the second decade of the twentieth century led many composers to increase their tendency to use elaborate staging and grandiose conceptions of late Romantic works.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
39

During the two decades between World Wars I and II, a renewed interest in the music of Bach and Haydn developed, resulting in __________ overshadowing all other styles.
A)mainstream
B)avant-garde
C)Neoclassism
D)gebrauchsmusik
40

Audiences were attracted to all of the following features of Neoclassical music except
A)the simplicity of melodic lines.
B)the massive sound of the expanded orchestra.
C)the familiarity of tonal harmony.
D)the clarity and logic of the form.
41

Russian composers in the communist era were encouraged to write music
A)full of experimental techniques and ideas that challenged all tradition.
B)that expressed the religious longings of the Russian Orthodox church.
C)that criticized the government's social and economic policies.
D)none of the above.
42

Prokofiev's Symphony no. 1, the Classical, was intended to sound as if ________ had written it in the twentieth century.
A)Bach
B)Haydn
C)Beethoven
D)Berlioz
43

__________ approached the composition of music more as a craft than as an art; he played many orchestral instruments well and therefore knew how to write effectively for them.
A)Carl Orff
B)Samuel Barber
C)Paul Hindemith
D)Igor Stravinsky
44

The German word for Hindemith's concept of functional or useful music is
A)Singspiel.
B)Nachtmusik.
C)Sprechstimme.
D)Gebrauchsmusik.
45

J. S. Bach's music is often compared with Paul Hindemith's in regard to form, since Hindemith made skillful application of the fugue, the toccata, and the concerto grosso.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
46

Hindemith's ideas about music included all of the following except
A)atonality was the inevitable goal of Western music.
B)music had clear moral and ethical powers.
C)music should serve a useful function rather than exist for its own sake.
D)none of these.
47

Certain dissonances, a free adaptation of tonal principles, and nontraditional combinations of voices and instruments combined with an emotionally expressive style are all features of contemporary
A)serialism.
B)experimentalism.
C)Neoromanticism.
D)Neoclassicism.
48

__________, who was a singer before he became a composer, wrote songlike melody lines for his instrumental and vocal compositions, sensitive text settings, and expressive orchestration, making him one of the most appreciated contemporary composers.
A)Lukas Foss
B)Aaron Copland
C)Samuel Barber
D)Paul Hindemith
49

__________, born in Germany, inherited a natural lyricism, a rich harmonic vocabulary, and the expansive "boundaryless" approach to composition associated with the German Romantic tradition.
A)Lukas Foss
B)Elliott Carter
C)Pierre Boulez
D)Krzysztof Penderecki
50

Philip Glass has evolved a style of music which is sometimes referred to as
A)Symbolism.
B)Serialism.
C)Minimalism.
D)Primitivism.
51

Minimalism is a systematic repetition of short melodic and rhythmic phrases which gradually change over a period of time, evolving into slightly varied patterns.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
52

Like Philip Glass, __________ is often referred to as a minimalist, but he provides exact notation and firm directions in his scores.
A)Lukas Foss
B)Steve Reich
C)Pierre Boulez
D)Elliott Carter
53

The first African American composer of Western art music to achieve significant success was
A)Dean Dixon.
B)Anthony Davis.
C)Leontyne Price.
D)William Grant Still.
54

All of the following facts are TRUE regarding William Grant Still except
A)he was accepted as a serious composer right from the beginning.
B)he became the first black American to have a symphony performed by a major orchestra.
C)he was the first black American to have an opera produced by a major American company.
D)his intention was to express the black American experience in music.
55

Several of William Grant Still's works have specific Afro-American effects such as the use of the banjo in his Afro-American Symphony.
A)TRUE
B)FALSE
56

__________ has become one of the best-known and best-loved concert and opera singers in the world.
A)Dean Dixon
B)Anthony Davis
C)Leontyne Price
D)William Grant Still
57

__________ was a violinist who was became the first black musician to conduct the New York Philharmonic.
A)Dean Dixon
B)Anthony Davis
C)Leontyne Price
D)William Grant Still
58

An opera by the black composer __________ was premiered in 1986 at the New York City Opera Company to an audience that responded with a standing ovation.
A)Dean Dixon
B)Anthony Davis
C)Leontyne Price
D)William Grant Still
59

__________, for years a leading opera singer, is now the director of the New York City Opera Company.
A)Thea Musgrave
B)Beverly Sills
C)Leontyne Price
D)Sarah Caldwell
60

The founder and conductor of the Boston Opera Company is __________, who was also the first woman to conduct at the Metropolitan Opera House.
A)Thea Musgrave
B)Beverly Sills
C)Leontyne Price
D)Sarah Caldwell
61

__________, Elisabeth Lutyens, and Thea Musgrave are among the many women recognized today as important composers.
A)Beverly Sills
B)Leontyne Price
C)Sarah Caldwell
D)Ruth Crawford Seeger