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Simple Multiple Choice
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1
____________, one of the great early anatomists, promoted the idea of "living anatomy."
A)Herophilus
B)Galen
C)Pelops
D)Vesalius
2
Which statement best describes the relationship between structure and function?
A)the functions of specific body parts always determine their anatomy
B)the anatomy of specific body parts often suggests their functions
C)structure and function are only related in certain body regions
D)the functions of most body parts are unrelated to their structure
3
Cytology is the study of ____________ and their structures, while histology is the study of ____________.
A)single cells, tissues
B)single cells, organs
C)tissues, single cells
D)tissues, organs
4
The study of the structure and relationships of large body parts that are visible without a microscope is termed macroscopic or ____________ anatomy.
A)radiographic
B)pathologic
C)gross
D)surgical
5
Which branch of gross anatomy considers both superficial anatomic markings and internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin?
A)developmental anatomy
B)regional anatomy
C)surface anatomy
D)systemic anatomy
6
Which anatomic specialty follows changes in structure within an individual from conception through maturity?
A)developmental anatomy
B)embryology
C)regional anatomy
D)surgical anatomy
7
The study of body structures visualized by scanning procedures such as ultrasound or x-rays is called ____________ anatomy.
A)surgical
B)radiographic
C)systemic
D)pathologic
8
The word root pathos, as in "pathologic anatomy," means
A)function
B)disease
C)to cut open
D)to study
9
Which of the following entities represents the highest level of organization?
A)tissue
B)cell
C)organism
D)organ
10
Tissues can best be described as
A)specialized structural and functional units within cells
B)precise organizations of similar cells that perform specialized functions
C)a level of organization between the organ and the organ system
D)none of the above
11
Structures consisting of two or more tissue types that work together to perform specific functions are called
A)organs
B)organ systems
C)organisms
D)none of the above
12
Which of the following is not a basic property or feature of all organisms?
A)organization
B)metabolism
C)circulation
D)reproduction
13
The consistent internal environment maintained by control and regulatory mechanisms within an organism is called
A)metabolism
B)responsiveness
C)organization
D)homeostasis
14
Which of the following does not correctly pair an organ with its organ system?
A)brain, nervous system
B)heart, lymphatic system
C)thyroid, endocrine system
D)liver, digestive system
15
The trachea is part of the ____________ system.
A)digestive
B)nervous
C)respiratory
D)cardiovascular
16
Which organ system controls body movement and responds to sensory stimuli?
A)lymphatic
B)muscular
C)nervous
D)skeletal
17
The ____________ is an organ of both the endocrine and lymphatic systems.
A)thymus
B)thyroid
C)spleen
D)pancreas
18
Which statement does not accurately describe the anatomic position?
A)subject is standing upright with feet parallel
B)head is level with eyes looking forward
C)arms are at either side of the body
D)palms are pressed lightly against the thighs
19
Which anatomic plane would section the body into matching left and right sides?
A)coronal
B)midsagittal
C)transverse
D)sagittal
20
Which anatomic plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions?
A)sagittal
B)coronal
C)transverse
D)frontal
21
The directional term ____________ refers to a body part that is toward the head, or above.
A)anterior
B)superior
C)medial
D)superficial
22
Which term describes a part that is closest to the point of attachment to the trunk?
A)proximal
B)distal
C)lateral
D)caudal
23
The diaphragm is located between which two body cavities?
A)cranial cavity and vertebral canal
B)thoracic and abdominopelvic
C)pleural and pericardial
D)abdominal and pelvic
24
During embryonic development, the ventral cavity arises from a space called the
A)serous cavity
B)peritoneum
C)pleura
D)coelom
25
The mediastinum does not contain the
A)esophagus
B)lungs
C)trachea
D)heart
26
Which human body region includes the heel of the foot?
A)calcaneal
B)crural
C)femoral
D)popliteal
27
The buccal region is the area of the
A)chin
B)skull
C)cheek
D)neck
28
The thigh is identified as the ____________ region.
A)axillary
B)femoral
C)patellar
D)orbital
29
The calf is anatomically known as what body region?
A)axillary
B)coxal
C)brachial
D)sural
30
Which abdominopelvic region typically contains the urinary bladder?
A)hypochondriac
B)hypogastric
C)iliac
D)umbilical







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