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Animation: Breakdown of ATP and Cross-Bridge Movement During Muscle Contraction
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View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept.






1During contraction of a muscle, calcium ions bind to...
A)the actin myofilament.
B)the troponin molecule.
C)the tropomyosin molecule.
D)the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
E)the sarcolemma.



2The bond between the actin and myosin head is broken when...
A)an ATP molecule binds to the myosin head.
B)an ATP molecule binds to the actin molecule.
C)an ATP molecule breaks down on the myosin head.
D)an ATP molecule breaks down on the actin molecule.
E)ADP and phosphate bind to the myosin head.



3Energy is released when...
A)ADP is broken down into ATP and phosphate.
B)ATP is broken down into ADP and phosphate.
C)ADP and phosphate combine to form ATP.
D)ATP and phosphate combine to form ADP.
E)AMP and two phosphates combine to form ATP.



4The sequence of cross bridge formation and myofilament movement will be repeated as long as calcium ions are present.
A)True
B)False



5When cross bridges form and the muscle fibers contract, the actin myofilament slides past the myosin myofilament.
A)True
B)False







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