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Simple Multiple Choice
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1
The appendicular skeleton comprises all of the following except
A)bones of the upper limb
B)thoracic cage and vertebral column
C)pectoral and pelvic girdles
D)bones of the lower limb
2
The broad, flattened part of the clavicle that articulates with the scapula is called the
A)acromial end
B)sternal end
C)costal tuberosity
D)conoid tubercle
3
The pectoral girdle permits great mobility of the upper limb because
A)the scapula is not directly attached to the axial skeleton
B)the cavity of the shoulder joint is very shallow
C)both of the above
D)neither of the above
4
Which bones compose the pectoral girdle?
A)ilium and ischium
B)radius and ulna
C)scapula and humerus
D)clavicle and scapula
5
The triangular shape of the scapula forms three sides called the
A)superior, axillary, and lateral borders
B)superior, medial, and lateral borders
C)superior, inferior, and lateral borders
D)superior, medial, and vertebral borders
6
Which of the following sets includes only surface features of the scapula?
A)supraspinous fossa, intercondylar fossa, iliac fossa
B)coracoid process, acromion, glenoid cavity
C)superior border, radial notch, acromial end
D)olecranon, coronoid process, styloid process
7
The word root omos, as used in "acromion," most nearly means
A)thumb
B)hip
C)arm
D)shoulder
8
The distal end of the humerus has a pulley-shaped medial articulating surface called the
A)trochlea
B)capitulum
C)condyle
D)coronoid fossa
9
The proximal end of the ulna that forms the posterior "bump" of the elbow is the
A)coronoid process
B)capitulum
C)olecranon
D)styloid process
10
The adjacent borders of the radius and the ulna are connected by a sheet of dense regular connective tissue known as the
A)antebrachial fascia
B)interosseous membrane
C)antebrachial ligament
D)interosseous fascia
11
In the proximal row of carpals, which bone is the farthest lateral?
A)lunate
B)pisiform
C)triquetrum
D)scaphoid
12
The distal row of carpals includes which of the following bones?
A)capitate and hamate
B)triquetrum and pisiform
C)scaphoid and lunate
D)both b and c
13
The word root hamus, as used in "hamate," most nearly means
A)boat
B)hook
C)cube
D)wedge
14
When the forearm is pronated
A)the radius is crossed over the ulna
B)the palm of the hand faces posteriorly
C)the distal end of the radius remains near the thumb
D)all of the above
15
The sacrum and coccyx of the axial skeleton and the ossa coxae of the appendicular skeleton make up a composite structure known as the
A)pelvic girdle
B)pelvis
C)hip joint
D)pectoral girdle
16
Which three bones fuse between the ages of 13 and 15 years to form an os coxae?
A)acetabulum, pubis, ischium
B)ischium, innominate bone, ilium
C)ilium, ischium, pubis
D)acetabulum, ilium, pubis
17
What is the English translation of the word root sciaticus?
A)hip joint
B)nerve
C)indentation
D)shallow cup
18
In the hip joint, the head of the femur fits snugly into the ____________ of the os coxae.
A)acetabulum
B)iliac fossa
C)auricular surface
D)obturator foramen
19
The word root auris, as used in "auricular surface," most nearly means
A)pelvis
B)sacrum
C)ear
D)rough spot
20
Powerful hip muscles insert on the massive, rough processes near the proximal end of the femur known as the greater and lesser
A)tuberosities
B)trochanters
C)tubercles
D)gluteal processes
21
The smooth medial depression where the kneecap articulates with the femur is the
A)intercondylar fossa
B)patellar surface
C)popliteal surface
D)linea aspera
22
The large, shallow depression on the medial side of the ala of the ilium is the
A)iliac tuberosity
B)iliac crest
C)iliac spine
D)iliac fossa
23
The rough anterior surface of the tibia that serves as the attachment site for the patellar ligament is called the
A)tibial tuberosity
B)intercondylar eminence
C)medial condyle
D)anterior crest
24
Which of the following sets includes only surface features of the tibia?
A)medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, medial condyle
B)intertrochanteric line, intertrochanteric crest, patellar surface
C)lateral malleolus, anterior crest, interosseous border
D)anterior crest, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus
25
The largest of the coxal bones, which forms the superior region of the os coxae, is the
A)ischium
B)ilium
C)pubis
D)sacrum
26
The large, roughly triangular bone located in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle is the
A)medial cuneiform
B)triquetrum
C)capitate
D)patella
27
The largest tarsal bone, which forms the heel, is the
A)talus
B)cuboid bone
C)calcaneus
D)navicular bone
28
The pelvic cavity is enclosed by the
A)iliac fossae
B)pelvic brim
C)true pelvis
D)false pelvis
29
All of the following accurately describe female pelvic features that differ from their male counterparts except
A)longer, more rectangular body of pubis
B)much narrower, V-shaped subpubic angle
C)shallower ilium relative to sacroiliac joint
D)anterior tilt to superior end of pelvis
30
Age-related changes in the appendicular skeleton include all of the following except
A)deterioration of articulating surfaces
B)increase in skeletal mass and density
C)increase in porosity, erosion, and brittleness
D)reduction in mineral content







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