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Kottak: Cultural Anthropology 9e
Cultural Anthropology, 9/e
Conrad P. Kottak, University of Michigan

Culture

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

People with experience in both Japan and the West indicate that:
A)Eye contact is much more common in Japan.
B)Smiling is less common in the West.
C)Hugging and touching is less common in Japan.
D)Holding the door for strangers is more common in Japan.
E)All of the above statements are true.
2

Societies are integrated and patterned through all of the following, except:
A)social patterns
B)core values
C)key symbols
D)economic forces
E)all of the above
3

Enculturation is:
A)the process by which culture is reduced
B)the process by which culture becomes adaptive
C)the process by which a child learns his or her culture
D)the process by which a culture is transformed
E)none of the above
4

Clifford Geertz characterizes culture as:
A)a process of enculturation
B)a biological necessity
C)biologically adaptive
D)a set of control mechanisms to govern behavior
E)only partially shared.
5

An example of a cultural trait that is acquired unconsciously is knowing:
A)when to say "thank-you"
B)when to take out the trash
C)how far to stand away from someone during a conversation
D)how to write a college essay
E)how to pronounce "anthropology"
6

The "psychic unity of man" implies that:
A)Regardless of their genes or physical appearance, people can learn any cultural tradition.
B)There are always changes in the process by which a child learns his or her culture.
C)Culture is transmitted unconsciously.
D)People use their cultural system to make judgments, define their world, shape behavior, and shape their perceptions.
E)All of the above statements are true.
7

We are most likely to agree and feel comfortable with:
A)people who are socially, economically, and culturally similar to ourselves
B)anthropologists
C)our parents
D)people with whom we share a "psychic unity"
E)people with whom we share linguistic symbols
8

A symbol is:
A)necessarily verbal
B)naturally connected to the object it signifies
C)universal to a culture
D)not necessary for culture
E)none of the above
9

A Brazilian might interpret the body space that an American maintains during a conversation as:
A)a sexual advance
B)hostile
C)unfriendly
D)warm
E)pensive
10

Examples of American core values include everything, except:
A)individualism
B)self-reliance
C)people should keep a certain distance between themselves during conversations.
D)work ethic
E)all of the above
11

According to the text, the "real culture" is:
A)the one best suited to a given environment
B)what people say they should do and what they say they do
C)contested
D)symbolic
E)what people actually do
12

An example of a level of culture is:
A)subculture
B)ideal culture
C)international culture
D)national culture
E)items "a", "c", and "d"
13

Cultural relativism is:
A)the tendency to view your own culture as superior and to apply your own culture's values to judge the behavior and beliefs of people in other cultures
B)the notion that groups have a right to preserve their culture
C)the argument that one culture should not be judged by the standards of another
D)the argument that there is a realm of justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions
E)all of the above
14

Indigenous intellectual property rights include the notion that:
A)Indigenous groups should control who may know and use their collective knowledge and its applications.
B)Cultures are free to raise children as they see fit.
C)Human rights are inalienable.
D)There is a realm of justice and morality beyond countries, religions, and cultures.
E)None of the above statements included individual intellectual property rights.
15

Which of the following is not a mechanism of cultural change?
A)acculturation
B)globalization
C)independent invention
D)diffusion
E)enculturation