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Emile Durkheim
Sociological Theory

Chapter 3 Quiz



Multiple-Choice Questions



1

According to Durkheim, society is made up of:
A)intuitive understandings.
B)social facts.
C)subject interpretations.
D)abstract theories.
2

Durkheim argued that ___________ was necessary in order to separate sociology from philosophy.
A)empirical research
B)theory
C)education
D)statistical analysis
3

Which of the following is NOT an example of a social fact?
A)language
B)individual consciousness
C)morality
D)art-deco architecture
4

Durkheim refers to the general structure of shared understanding, norms, and beliefs as:
A)collective representation.
B)collective effervescence.
C)collective conscience.
D)collective action.
5

Modern society is characterized by _____________ solidarity.
A)organic
B)religious
C)capitalist
D)mechanical
6

Which of the following statements correctly characterizes the division of labor, according to Durkheim?
A)The division of labor strengthens the collective conscience in modern society.
B)The division of labor makes social morality obsolete.
C)The division of labor creates bonds of organic solidarity.
D)The division of labor results in a repressive legal system.
7

Durkheim argues that two social facts are critical for explaining suicide. They are:
A)regulation and alienation.
B)integration and individuality.
C)alienation and integration.
D)regulation and integration.
8

______________ suicide occurs when the regulative powers of society are disrupted.
A)Anomic
B)Fatalistic
C)Egoistic
D)Altruistic
9

Durkheim suggests that someone seeking to become a martyr would commit ________________ suicide.
A)egoistic
B)anomic
C)altruistic
D)fatalistic
10

According to Durkheim, the enduring essence of religion is:
A)distinguishing the sacred from the profane.
B)belonging to a church.
C)praying every day.
D)avoiding profanity.
11

Why did Durkheim choose to study religion in primitive culture?
A)so he could travel and escape the alienating forces of modern society
B)in order to shed light on religion in modern society
C)because primitive religion is more complex than modern religion
D)to avoid the Dreyfus Affair in France
12

To Durkheim, which of the following is the simplest, most primitive form of religion?
A)Protestantism
B)Catholicism
C)animalism
D)totemism
13

Which of the following is NOT one of the six fundamental categories of understanding identified by Durkheim?
A)time
B)space
C)classification
D)religion
14

Durkheim argues that there are times when moral and cognitive categories can change or be created anew. What does he call this phenomenon?
A)collective representation
B)social construction
C)collective effervescence
D)anomic division of labor
15

Which of the following statements conveys Durkheim's understanding of individualism?
A)Individualism has no place in modern society.
B)Individual interpretations of social facts are the driving force of social change.
C)The cult of the individual characterizes the collective conscience of modern society.
D)Moral individualism is replaced by egoistic individualism in modern society.
16

Durkheim was deeply offended by the Dreyfus Affair because of the anti-Semitism that surrounded the trial. However, Durkheim did not attribute this anti-Semitism to racism among the French people. To what did he attribute it?
A)He saw it as a symptom of moral sickness.
B)He saw it resulting from mechanical solidarity.
C)He blamed it on the traditional authority of the military.
D)He blamed it on the cult of the individual.
17

Durkheim believed that morality is composed of which of the following three elements?
A)discipline, attachment, autonomy
B)discipline, attachment, anomie
C)egoism, altruism, fatalism
D)religious beliefs, rituals, collective effervescence
18

According to Durkheim, what is the function of education in modern society?
A)to teach how to research the social world empirically
B)to provide moral tools
C)to teach how to memorize social facts
D)to provide a place where one can make friends
19

For which of the following reasons did Durkheim believe that occupational associations were needed?
A)They provide workers with a group through which to express their grievances to employers.
B)They provide managers with the moral tools with which to manipulate workers.
C)They provide a check on monopoly formation.
D)They provide owners, workers, and managers with a common morality.
20

Durkheim's sociological theory has been subject to criticism because:
A)his idea of moral education is too radical.
B)he fails to give consciousness an active role in social processes.
C)he assumes that human nature is driven by altruism.
D)he focuses too much on religion.

True/False Questions



21

Most of Durkheim's work involves the study of material social facts.
A)True
B)False
22

The increasing division of labor has caused a diminution of the collective conscience.
A)True
B)False
23

A society with mechanical solidarity is characterized by repressive law.
A)True
B)False
24

Durkheim assumed that only social facts could explain suicide rates.
A)True
B)False
25

Fatalistic suicide is most likely to occur when integration is excessive.
A)True
B)False
26

Durkheim believed that the enduring essence of religion is the differentiation between the sacred and the profane.
A)True
B)False
27

Durkheim studied religion in primitive society in order to escape the Dreyfus Affair.
A)True
B)False
28

Durkheim labeled the modern form of the collective conscience " totemism. "
A)True
B)False
29

Durkheim believed that individual consciousness was the source of morality in modern society.
A)True
B)False
30

Durkheim suggested that occupational associations could provide integrative morality.
A)True
B)False