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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1

Epidemiology focuses on all of the following aspects of disease EXCEPT its:
A)incidence
B)prevalence
C)distribution
D)sociology
2

Average life expectancy in the year 1900 was quite low compared to life expectancy today. This was largely due to:
A)the cost of medical care
B)a low level of interest in maintaining good health
C)a high level of infant mortality and infectious disease
D)reduced fertility
3

Currently, one of the most common chronic, non-fatal diseases in America is:
A)arthritis
B)cardiovascular disease
C)cancer
D)high blood pressure
4

In terms of the relationship between gender and disease, men have higher rates of:
A)visual and hearing problems
B)acute, short-term infectious diseases
C)non-fatal chronic diseases
D)short-term disabilities
5

Worldwide, the populations most afflicted by the AIDS virus live in:
A)North America
B)Sub-Saharan Africa
C)The Middle East and North Africa
D)Central and South America
6

Impairments in physiological functioning that result from the individual's emotional state are known as:
A)psychoses
B)neuroses
C)psychosomatic disorders
D)psychoanalytic disorders
7

Manic-depression is considered to be a(n) _____________ disorder.
A)personality
B)impulse
C)anxiety
D)affective
8

An extensive psychiatric survey involving more than 8,000 subjects found that approximately ______ percent of Americans are in serious need of psychiatric help at any given time.
A)25 to 30
B)45 to 55
C)3 to 5
D)10 to 15
9

Men are more likely than women to have mental or emotional disorders involving:
A)substance abuse
B)affective functioning
C)depression
D)anxiety
10

Both mental illness and _______ are associated with social stigma.
A)heart disease
B)diabetes
C)cancer
D)stroke
11

When a person is ill, demanding much attention, his or her family may withdraw into ________ of illness characterized by isolation, suspicion and disorganization.
A)a status
B)relationships
C)a subculture
D)interactions
12

Errors in diagnosis, medication, or surgery cause approximately ________ deaths per year in hospitals in the United States.
A)1,000
B)5,000
C)50,000
D)100,000
13

Research conducted in 1999 involving four hospitals found that about ______ percent of Caesarean sections were performed without medical justification.
A)25
B)80
C)40
D)10
14

In a study of stereotyping in medical diagnosis, 209 psychiatrists were given two case studies to evaluate, both representing patients who had previously been diagnosed as schizophrenics. The likelihood of an accurate diagnosis being made on the basis of the symptoms given in the case studies was highest when the patients were reported to be:
A)of the same race or gender as the reporting psychiatrist.
B)of a different gender than the reporting psychiatrist.
C)of a different race than the reporting psychiatrist.
D)around the same age as the reporting psychiatrist.
15

Deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill was intended to do all of the following EXCEPT:
A)reduce costs
B)allow the mentally ill to get well through self-reliance
C)provide a more human environment for the mentally ill
D)respect the human rights of the mentally ill
16

All of the following factors are cited in the text as being the main causes of the escalating cost of medical care EXCEPT:
A)population growth
B)the use of high-tech treatments
C)increasing rates of infectious disease
D)inflation
17

The highest rates of mental disorder are found among women who are:
A)single
B)widowed
C)divorced
D)married
18

Which of the following is NOT an effect of lead poisoning on children?
A)mental retardation
B)skin rashes
C)perceptual problems
D)emotional instability
19

Which of the following statements regarding research related to the Social Readjustment Rating Scale tends NOT to be true?
A)Change, in itself, is a stress producer.
B)Role changes contribute to stress.
C)The death of a spouse is rated as the most stressful event.
D)Changes in institutional participation are related to stress.
20

Which of the following statements regarding stigma and myths associated with mental illness is most accurate?
A)People who have received shock treatment were gravely ill.
B)A former mental patient is likely to be a second-rate employee.
C)People with a history of substance abuse may engage in violent behavior.
D)People with mental disorders are likely to be unpredictable.







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