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Multiple Choice
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1

The chances that a work of art from ancient times will be found or preserved are greatly increased if
A)it was made of durable materials.
B)the local climate is conducive to preservation.
C)the culture from which it came was stable and organized.
D)it was located where access from the outside world was limited
E)all of the above
2

Because they lacked stone, the ancient Sumerians built their cities of
A)wood.
B)a mixture of sand and water.
C)plaster over reeds.
D)sun-dried brick.
E)lapis lazuli.
3

To compensate for the natural visual distortion in which tall columns appear to bend inward, the Greeks gave them a slight bulge, which is known as
A)cella.
B)entasis.
C)kouros.
D)entablature
E)frieze.
4

All of the following cultures were Mesopotamian EXCEPT
A)the Sumerian.
B)the Babylonian.
C)the Assyrian.
D)the Akkadian.
E)the Minoan.
5

The bronze head of an Akkadian ruler is a rare example of _____________ in ancient art.
A)royal portraiture
B)stylization
C)an idealized human form
D)naturalism
E)metalwork
6

The most notable example of Neolithic architecture in Europe is
A)Tassili n'Ajjer in Algeria.
B)Stonehenge in England.
C)Pompeii in Italy.
D)the Colosseum in Rome.
E)Chauvet in France.
7

In Egyptian art, the convention of representing social importance by size, for example, where the pharaoh is shown much larger than his subjects, is known as
A)simultaneous contrast.
B)hierarchical scale.
C)isometric perspective.
D)foreshortening.
E)entasis.
8

Under the reign of ______________, a new, more naturalistic style of Egyptian art developed.
A)Amenhotep IV
B)Nefertiti
C)Tutankhamun
D)Narmer
E)both b and c
9

The earliest known writing system from which a recorded language developed was the invention of
A)the Assyrians.
B)the Sumerians.
C)the Akkadians.
D)Neolithic people.
E)the Egyptians.
10

The sculpture Akhenaten and His Family is an example of the __________ technique.
A)encaustic
B)fresco
C)gold inlay
D)sunken relief -
E)painted terra cotta
11

King Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered in 1922 by
A)Lord Carnarvon
B)Henri Cartier-Bresson
C)Howard Carter
D)Champollion
E)Hunter Thompson
12

A true arch was developed by ____________ architects long before the Romans came up with the idea.
A)Egyptian
B)Assyrian
C)Neo-Babylonian
D)Minoan
E)none of the above
13

Three majors cultures that preceded the Greeks in and around the Aegean Sea were the ________ cultures.
A)Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean
B)Akkadian, Babylonian, and Sumerian
C)Algerian, Mesopotamian, and Egyptian
D)Assyrian, Persian, and Macedonian
14

The inner chamber of the Parthenon is called the
A)cella.
B)entasis.
C)kouros.
D)entablature.
E)frieze.
15

Romans could watch gladiators fight to the death, along with other sporting events, at the
A)Pantheon.
B)Parthenon.
C)Acropolis.
D)Colosseum.
E)Villa of the Mysteries.
16

A prime example of art from the Hellenistic era is
A)the Laocoön Group.
B)Eos and Memnon.
C)Kouros from Anavysos.
D)the Spear Bearer.
E)the Toreador Fresco.
17

According to historians, the Roman era began in 510 B.C.E. with
A)the founding of the Roman Republic.
B)the reign of Julius Caesar.
C)the Punic Wars.
D)the defeat of Hannibal.
E)the Norman Conquest.
18

Although we know almost nothing about the culture that created them, the abstract ___________ of the Cycladic culture appear extremely sophisticated for five-thousand-year-old works.
A)lion hunts
B)animal deities
C)domestic scenes
D)female nude figures
E)equestrian portraits
19

What destroyed the Roman colonies of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 C.E.?
A)the eruption of a volcano
B)the invasion of a foreign army
C)leprosy
D)a tidal wave
E)none of the above
20

The mummy of Artemidoros, from Fayum, shows the influence of the ______________ culture.
A)Egyptian
B)Greek
C)Roman
D)all of the above
E)none of the above







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