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1

A small Indus sculpture of a torso exhibits a "relaxed abdomen." Some scholars interpret this to indicate that the Indus people
A)were severely overweight.
B)feared pr
C)practiced breathing exercises.
D)were poor sculptors.
E)none of the above
2

The yakshi
A)is a female form.
B)are voluptuous.
C)are considered auspicious.
D)predate the Buddhist faith.
E)all of the above
3

Hinduism and Buddhism
A)are two sects of the same religion.
B)both have a belief in the cyclical nature of time.
C)are founded on logic and the importance of social order.
D)are monotheistic.
E)sprang from Japan.
4

The temple complex known as Angkor Wat indicated the Khmer ruler's
A)humility and devotion.
B)adherence to Zen Buddhist beliefs.
C)position as a "god-king."
D)disdain for Hinduism.
E)acceptance of the Chinese impact on Daoism.
5

Buddhism is based on the insight that
A)attachment is the answer.
B)wealth is a clear indication of divine approval.
C)people fit into a hierarchical structure that determines their worth.
D)we are kept chained to the world by desire.
E)all of the above
6

The Mughals, an Islamic people from central Asia,
A)were influenced by Persian culture.
B)built the Taj Mahal.
C)established an empire on the Indian subcontinent.
D)created illustrated books.
E)all of the above
7

The Han dynasty
A)was known for brutal rule.
B)was short-lived, existing less than a century.
C)brought about the separation of China.
D)saw the rise of Confucianism and Daoism.
E)all of the above
8

Daoism
A)is pragmatic, having little to say about spiritual matters.
B)stresses the necessity of the struggle against evil.
C)links social order with cosmic order.
D)is concerned with bringing human life into harmony with nature.
E)is a religion with natural spirit deities known as kamas.
9

One of the enduring strengths of Japanese culture is the ability to
A)absorb and transform new ideas while keeping older traditions vital.
B)radically switch belief systems.
C)guard against any outside cultural influence.
D)abandon traditions and mimic other cultures.
E)b and d
10

In the Bodhisattva Guide of Souls hanging scroll fragment,
A)the bodhisattva is a Chinese fantasy of an Indian prince.
B)an old man rides into the Western Paradise.
C)the Western Paradise is depicted as a tree.
D)a fire threatens the homes of the poor.
E)the falling flowers represent a loss of divinity.
11

The spread of Buddhism followed a path from
A)China to India and eventually to Japan.
B)Japan to Korea and on to India.
C)India to China and then to Japan.
D)India to Pakistan and on to the West.
E)Japan to China, ending in India.
12

Shinto deities are believed to be present in
A)natural objects, such as a gnarled tree or waterfall.
B)ritual objects, such as drums and banners.
C)all people.
D)temples and shrines.
E)all of the above
13

The first Qin emperor, Shihuangdi,
A)ordered the crafting of a huge terra-cotta army.
B)had no apparent concern for immortality.
C)was buried as an ascetic on a mountaintop.
D)divided China into northern and southern empires.
E)none of the above
14

The landscapes of the Song dynasty, especially those of Li Cheng, often had the following characteristics:
A)a wide landscape format, crowds of people, and shrouding mists.
B)vibrant color, strong lines, and a dominant architectural element.
C)a vertical format, shrouding mists, and flowing water.
D)a very low perspective, shallow space, and rainbows.
E)vast plains, a solitary figure, and strong shadows.
15

A distinctive aspect of an illustration from the handscroll The Tale of Genji is
A)the portrayal of extreme emotion in the figures.
B)the use of a nearly empty background where figures float in space.
C)the removal of the roof to show an interior space.
D)the raw, untrained hand of the scholar-painter.
E)an absence of figures.
16

The set of handscrolls known as the Heiji Monogatari has been described as cinematic because
A)it is a narrative illustration.
B)it is very large.
C)it employs rapid change "camera angles."
D)scenes "scroll by" as in an epic film.
E)it was a collaborative effort of many people.
17

Koan is a well-known Zen teaching tool designed to
A)demonstrate morality through narrative.
B)strengthen the long muscles of the body.
C)bring sleep.
D)"short-circuit" logical thought patterns.
E)develop vision in the dark.
18

Zen Buddhism has as its goal
A)congregational unity.
B)a cohesive and highly structured social order.
C)personal enlightenment through meditation.
D)physical and mental control through mastery of the martial arts.
E)all of the above
19

Zen priest-painters used a painting technique called haboku, "splashed ink," as a metaphor to express
A)sudden enlightenment.
B)man's complete control of nature.
C)the violence of death.
D)the dualism of existence.
E)happy accidents.
20

In the mural detail known as The "Beautiful Bodhisattva," Padmapani
A)is depicted as a beautiful woman.
B)hides his contempt with a serene smile.
C)holds a lily and small drum.
D)has removed himself from the rest of humanity.
E)shows compassion for the rest of humanity.







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