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Human Anatomy, 6/e
Kent Van De Graaff, Weber State University

The History of Anatomy

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

The science of _______________ is concerned with the structure of the human body.
A)biology
B)physiology
C)anatomy
D)embalming
2

What was one of the main forces that stifled the study of anatomy through use of cadavers during several historic periods?
A)Greek ideals
B)religion
C)Roman conquests
D)lack of cadavers
3

In what way was the knowledge of anatomy significant during the prescientific period?
A)People learned about the anatomy of prey animals, which helped them survive.
B)It led to the proposal of the cell theory.
C)De Luzzi was able to prepare his dissection guide.
D)Some people were able to survive trepanation.
4

Who is believed to have written the very first manual on anatomy?
A)Aristotle, 350 B.C.
B)Galen, 150 A.D.
C)Menes, 3400 B.C.
D)Leonardo da Vinci, 1500 A.D.
5

What was one of the great medical achievements of the ancient Chinese that is gaining acceptance today?
A)use of cadavers for anatomical study
B)embalming
C)scientific method
D)acupuncture
6

What early Greek physician developed the idea that the body had four humors, each associated with a body organ?
A)Homer
B)Hippocrates
C)Herophilus
D)Alexander the Great
7

Anatomy flourished during the time of ______________, in part because of vivisection performed on condemned criminals.
A)Alexander the Great
B)Herophilus
C)Erasistratus
D)Celsus
8

Who is considered to be the most influential writer of all time on medical subjects?
A)Erasistratus
B)Celsus
C)Herophilus
D)Galen
9

What was a significant contribution of the Islamic world to anatomy during the Dark Ages in Europe?
A)New methods of embalming cadavers were developed.
B)standardization of medical terminology in Latin and Greek
C)Islamic people saved the writings of Aristotle, Galen, and others.
D)The Islamic people were great herbalists.
10

Who was the first of the Renaissance period to boldly challenge the long-held teachings of Galen?
A)Vesalius
B)Leonardo da Vinci
C)William of Saliceto
D)Mondino de' Luzzi
11

During the 1500's, ______________ established that blood is in continuous circulation in the vessels.
A)Harvey
B)Michelangelo
C)Leeuwenhoek
D)Vesalius
12

Whose belief was it that a spermatozoan contained a miniature human or " homunculus"?
A)Harvey
B)Michelangelo
C)Leeuwenhoek
D)Leonardo da Vinci
13

To whom do we credit the components of the cell theory?
A)Matthias Schleiden
B)Theodor Schwann
C)Rudolf Virchow
D)All of these are correct.
14

What was one of the significant contributions of the twentieth century to the science of anatomy?
A)development of the light microscope
B)finalization of the cell theory
C)simplification and standardization of nomenclature
D)All of these are correct.
15

Various techniques of radiology provide a means of observing structures within the living body. Which technique permits the study of body systems through the use of motion picture radiographs?
A)computerized axial tomography
B)cineradiography
C)dynamic spacial reconstructor
D)magnetic resonance imaging