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Human Anatomy, 6/e
Kent Van De Graaff, Weber State University

Respiratory System

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

The nose, pharynx, and associated structures are all part of the ____________________.
A)respiratory division
B)upper respiratory system
C)lower respiratory system
D)bronchial tree
2

What structures support the very tip of the nose?
A)lesser alar cartilages
B)lateral cartilages
C)greater alar cartilages
D)turbinates
3

The lowermost portion of the pharynx is the ___________________.
A)oropharynx
B)nasopharynx
C)laryngopharynx
D)pharyngeal tonsils
4

The lower end of the larynx is formed by the ________________ cartilage(s).
A)thyroid
B)cricoid
C)arytenoid
D)cuneiform
5

The junction where the trachea and the two primary bronchi branch is reinforced by a cartilage plate called the ___________________.
A)tracheal cartilage
B)corniculate cartilage
C)ventricular cartilage
D)carina
6

Cartilage gives way to smooth muscle fibers at tubules called __________________.
A)segmental bronchi
B)lobar bronchi
C)respiratory bronchioles
D)alveolar ducts
7

__________________ cells secrete surfactant that reduces the tendency for pulmonary alveoli to collapse.
A)Type I alveolar
B)Macrophage
C)Type II alveolar
D)All alveolar
8

What is the function of the pleurae?
A)to compartmentalize, protect, and lubricate the lungs
B)to serve as a passageway and for the continued cleansing of air
C)to produce mucus
D)to lighten the skull
9

What is the force that causes air to flow into the lungs during inspiration and out of the lungs during expiration?
A)muscle contraction
B)surface tension
C)diaphragm movements
D)atmospheric pressure
10

The volume of air that can be exhaled during forced breathing in addition to tidal volume is ________________.
A)residual volume
B)expiratory reserve volume
C)vital capacity
D)total lung capacity
11

What portion of the regulatory centers that control breathing is located in the pons and promotes inspiration?
A)apneustic area
B)pneumotaxic area
C)rhythmicity center
D)aortic and carotid bodies
12

When air enters the pleural cavity surrounding either lung, the condition is referred to as _____________________.
A)epitaxes
B)hyaline membrane disease
C)pleurisy
D)pneumothorax