Choose the best answer.
Data relevant to the cross-cultural study of gender can be drawn from the domains of
|E)||All the above.|
What is sexual dimorphism?
|A)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the unequal distribution of socially valued resources, power, prestige, and personal freedom between men and women.|
|B)||Sexual dimorphism refers to differences in male and female biology besides the contrasts in breast and genitals.|
|C)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the contrast between women's role in the home and men's role in public life.|
|D)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females.|
|E)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the belief that human behavior and social organization are biologically determined.|
In foraging societies, when is gender status roughly equal?
|A)||When the public and domestic spheres are not sharply divided.|
|B)||When gathering plays a minor part of the subsistence strategy.|
|C)||When public and domestic spheres are sharply divided.|
|D)||When hunting dominates the subsistence activities.|
|E)||Foraging societies are all characterized by gender stratification.|
Which of the following statements regarding the domestic-public dichotomy is not true?
|A)||It promotes gender stratification.|
|B)||Women's activities tend to be closer to home than men's activities.|
|C)||Public activities have greater prestige than domestic ones.|
|D)||It is most pronounced in foraging societies.|
|E)||It divides activities and obligations based on gender.|
What did Patricia Draper observe during her fieldwork with former Ju/'hoansi foragers who had recently become sedentary?
|A)||The domestic-public dichotomy was disappearing.|
|B)||Women were having fewer babies.|
|C)||Gender roles were becoming more rigidly defined.|
|D)||Men were spending more time in the domestic sphere.|
|E)||Women were beginning to dominate the public sphere.|
Which of the following statements about gender in foraging societies is not true?
|A)||It is among foragers that public and domestic spheres are the least separate.|
|B)||The gender hierarchy is least marked among foragers.|
|C)||Aggression and competition between the genders is most strongly discouraged among foragers.|
|D)||The differences in gender roles among foragers are debatable.|
|E)||The spheres of influence of men and women overlap the most in foraging societies.|
Which of the following statements about matrilineal, matrilocal societies is not true?
|A)||Matriliny and matrilocality disperse related males.|
|B)||Matriliny and matrilocality are only found in matriarchies.|
|C)||Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where population pressure on strategic resources is minimal.|
|D)||Women tend to have high status in matrilineal, matrilocal societies.|
|E)||Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where warfare is infrequent.|
Which of the following statements about Iroquois women is not true?
|A)||They managed all military operations.|
|B)||They controlled the local economy.|
|C)||Their most productive role was in horticulture.|
|D)||They owned the land.|
|E)||Women born in a longhouse remained there for life.|
Which of the following is not part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex?
|C)||reduced gender stratification|
To some extent all human activities and preferences, including erotic expression, are
|D)||All the above.|
|E)||None of the above.|
Which of the following statements about Etoro sexuality was true?
|A)||Heterosexual intercourse was discouraged.|
|B)||Homosexual intercourse between older and younger males was encouraged.|
|C)||Homosexual intercourse between young males of the same age was discouraged.|
|D)||People viewed as "sex-hungry" were shunned as witches.|
|E)||Heterosexual intercourse took place in the residence of the wife's family.|
Which of the following did not accompany the transition from horticulture to agriculture?
|A)||Woman lost their role as primary cultivators.|
|B)||Women began to assert themselves in extradomestic contexts.|
|C)||The average number of children per family increased.|
|D)||Women became increasingly restricted to the domestic sphere.|
|E)||Women became viewed as less productive and therefore inferior to men.|
The Betsileo illustrate:
|A)||the idea that intensive agriculture does not necessarily entail sharp gender stratification.|
|B)||the problem of having women neglect their domestic duties.|
|C)||how difficult agriculture is without sharp gender stratification.|
|D)||that women may claim to contribute to the subsistence activities, but in reality they do very little.|
|E)||The Betsileo demonstrate none of the above statements.|
When did the idea that "a woman's place is in the home" develop in the United States?
|E)||A woman's place has always been in the home.|
Which of the following statements about the feminization of poverty is not true?
|A)||Women head over half of the U.S. households with incomes below the poverty line.|
|B)||Half of the female poor are confronting a temporary economic crisis caused by the departure, disability, or death of a husband.|
|C)||The feminization of poverty is unique to the U.S.|
|D)||Some of the causes of the rise of women heading single parent households include divorce, abandonment, unwed adolescent parenthood, and the idea that children are women's responsibility.|
|E)||The survival rates of children from female-headed households are inferior to those of other children.|