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Multiple Choice Quiz

Choose the best answer.



1

Data relevant to the cross-cultural study of gender can be drawn from the domains of
A)economics.
B)politics.
C)kinship.
D)marriage.
E)All the above.
2

What is sexual dimorphism?
A)Sexual dimorphism refers to the unequal distribution of socially valued resources, power, prestige, and personal freedom between men and women.
B)Sexual dimorphism refers to differences in male and female biology besides the contrasts in breast and genitals.
C)Sexual dimorphism refers to the contrast between women's role in the home and men's role in public life.
D)Sexual dimorphism refers to the oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females.
E)Sexual dimorphism refers to the belief that human behavior and social organization are biologically determined.
3

In foraging societies, when is gender status roughly equal?
A)When the public and domestic spheres are not sharply divided.
B)When gathering plays a minor part of the subsistence strategy.
C)When public and domestic spheres are sharply divided.
D)When hunting dominates the subsistence activities.
E)Foraging societies are all characterized by gender stratification.
4

Which of the following statements regarding the domestic-public dichotomy is not true?
A)It promotes gender stratification.
B)Women's activities tend to be closer to home than men's activities.
C)Public activities have greater prestige than domestic ones.
D)It is most pronounced in foraging societies.
E)It divides activities and obligations based on gender.
5

What did Patricia Draper observe during her fieldwork with former Ju/'hoansi foragers who had recently become sedentary?
A)The domestic-public dichotomy was disappearing.
B)Women were having fewer babies.
C)Gender roles were becoming more rigidly defined.
D)Men were spending more time in the domestic sphere.
E)Women were beginning to dominate the public sphere.
6

Which of the following statements about gender in foraging societies is not true?
A)It is among foragers that public and domestic spheres are the least separate.
B)The gender hierarchy is least marked among foragers.
C)Aggression and competition between the genders is most strongly discouraged among foragers.
D)The differences in gender roles among foragers are debatable.
E)The spheres of influence of men and women overlap the most in foraging societies.
7

Which of the following statements about matrilineal, matrilocal societies is not true?
A)Matriliny and matrilocality disperse related males.
B)Matriliny and matrilocality are only found in matriarchies.
C)Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where population pressure on strategic resources is minimal.
D)Women tend to have high status in matrilineal, matrilocal societies.
E)Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where warfare is infrequent.
8

Which of the following statements about Iroquois women is not true?
A)They managed all military operations.
B)They controlled the local economy.
C)Their most productive role was in horticulture.
D)They owned the land.
E)Women born in a longhouse remained there for life.
9

Which of the following is not part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex?
A)warfare
B)patriliny
C)reduced gender stratification
D)patrilocality
E)male supremacy
10

To some extent all human activities and preferences, including erotic expression, are
A)learned.
B)malleable.
C)culturally constructed.
D)All the above.
E)None of the above.
11

Which of the following statements about Etoro sexuality was true?
A)Heterosexual intercourse was discouraged.
B)Homosexual intercourse between older and younger males was encouraged.
C)Homosexual intercourse between young males of the same age was discouraged.
D)People viewed as "sex-hungry" were shunned as witches.
E)Heterosexual intercourse took place in the residence of the wife's family.
12

Which of the following did not accompany the transition from horticulture to agriculture?
A)Woman lost their role as primary cultivators.
B)Women began to assert themselves in extradomestic contexts.
C)The average number of children per family increased.
D)Women became increasingly restricted to the domestic sphere.
E)Women became viewed as less productive and therefore inferior to men.
13

The Betsileo illustrate:
A)the idea that intensive agriculture does not necessarily entail sharp gender stratification.
B)the problem of having women neglect their domestic duties.
C)how difficult agriculture is without sharp gender stratification.
D)that women may claim to contribute to the subsistence activities, but in reality they do very little.
E)The Betsileo demonstrate none of the above statements.
14

When did the idea that "a woman's place is in the home" develop in the United States?
A)around 1800
B)around 1850
C)around 1900
D)around 1950
E)A woman's place has always been in the home.
15

Which of the following statements about the feminization of poverty is not true?
A)Women head over half of the U.S. households with incomes below the poverty line.
B)Half of the female poor are confronting a temporary economic crisis caused by the departure, disability, or death of a husband.
C)The feminization of poverty is unique to the U.S.
D)Some of the causes of the rise of women heading single parent households include divorce, abandonment, unwed adolescent parenthood, and the idea that children are women's responsibility.
E)The survival rates of children from female-headed households are inferior to those of other children.







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