Read each question carefully and then select the best answer.
In the United States __________ is an example of a culture-bound syndrome, or illness that cannot be understood apart from its specific social context.
Sociologist Talcott Parsons outlined the societal expectations related to the attitudes and behavior of a person being viewed as ill. These expectations are referred to as the __________ role.
Conflict theorists use which of the following terms in referring to the growing role of medicine as a major institution of social control?
|A)||medicalization of society|
|B)||the sick role|
|D)||none of the above|
The text points out that the __________ perspective has been especially interested in how physicians learn to play their occupational role.
The Social Inequality insert deals with research findings concerning how race and ethnicity affect views of patient autonomy. The major finding of the investigation discussed in this insert was that
|A)||there is no significant difference by race and ethnicity in attitudes toward patient autonomy.|
|B)||there are marked differences by race and ethnicity in attitudes toward patient autonomy.|
|C)||more than any other group, Korean Americans believe that patients should be informed of a diagnosis of cancer.|
|D)||both B and C|
The study of the distribution of disease, impairment, and general health status across a population is termed
__________ refers to the number of new cases of a specific disorder occurring within a given population during a stated period of time, usually a year.
__________ refers to the total number of cases of a specific disorder that exist at a given time.
Which of the following is not one of the factors cited in the text as contributing to the poor health of many low-income people in the United States?
|A)||crowded living conditions|
|B)||high occurrence of genetic disorders|
|C)||the high cost of medical care|
|D)||environmental pollution in the workplace and at home|
Which major sociological perspective argues that the typical training of physicians in the United States leads to rather dehumanizing physician-patient encounters?
|D)||both A and C|
The text observes that like other women in subordinate roles, nurses have been expected to perform their duties without challenging the authority of men. Psychiatrist Leonard Stein refers to this process as the
Massage, acupuncture, respiratory exercises, and the use of herbs as health remedies are all examples of
In 1983, the federal government introduced a price-control system in conjunction with the Medicare program. All illnesses were classified into 468 categories called
The system of reimbursement established by the federal government in 1983 for Medicare payments has contributed to a controversial practice called "__________," under which patients whose treatment may be unprofitable are transferred by private hospitals to public facilities.
The text employs which of the following terms in referring to disorders of the brain that disrupt a person's thinking, feeling, and ability to interact with others?
According to the medical model, mental illness is
|C)||rooted in psychology.|
|D)||rooted in biological causes that can be treated through medical intervention.|
__________ is now the only Western industrial democracy that does not treat health care as a basic right.
|A)||The United States|
__________ is a general term for legislative proposals that focus on ways to provide the entire population with health care services.
|D)||National health insurance|
Anorexia nervosa is best understood in the context of which culture?
__________ provide(s) comprehensive medical services for a pre-established fee.
|A)||Diagnostically related groupings (DRGs)|
|B)||Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)|
|D)||National health care|
Which country below has the highest infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2002?
A study published in 1998 concluded that Americans whose family incomes were less than $10,000 could expect to die how many years sooner than those with incomes of at least $25,000?
As of 2001, which of the following racial/ethnic groups was least likely to have health insurance?
|A)||Asian and Pacific Islander|
Which of the following statements is not true?
|A)||Women, in comparison with men, experience a higher prevalence of many illnesses.|
|B)||Men are more likely to have parasitic diseases.|
|C)||Women, as a group, appear to be in better health than men.|
|D)||Women are more likely to become diabetic.|
Which of the following theorists have closely examined how compliance and negotiation occur between physicians and patients?