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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1

The groups that are the most well-financed promote
A)social services.
B)corporate interests.
C)political ideologies.
D)public interests.
E)agricultural interests.
2

James Madison argued
A)against all interest groups.
B)for regulation of interests through a governing system of checks and balances.
C)for the advocacy of self-interests free from all governmental restraint.
D)for the replacement of interest groups by formal political parties.
E)that there should be no interest groups at all, only political parties.
3

One of the flaws in pluralist group theory is the fact that
A)the group system is unrepresentative because some interests are far better organized and more powerful than others.
B)the public interest is never served by policies that promote special interests.
C)larger groups always prevail politically over smaller groups.
D)political parties better represent different interests than do interest groups.
E)all of these are flaws in the pluralist theory.
4

The chief way groups lobby the judiciary is through
A)lobbying justices directly at work.
B)filing lawsuits.
C)influencing the selection of federal judges.
D)a and b only.
E)b and c only.
5

Effective "inside lobbying" is based upon
A)countering the aims of other groups.
B)mobilizing the group's members.
C)providing useful and persuasive information to key officials.
D)bribing or threatening officials.
E)corporate suites inside major sporting venues.
6

"Interest group liberalism" refers to
A)the proliferation of interest groups throughout the Democratic party.
B)the fact that liberal groups are more numerous than conservative ones.
C)the tendency of officials to support the policy demands of the interest group or groups that have a special stake in a policy.
D)the activity of groups in support of liberal causes such as disarmament and environmental protection.
E)the liberty and individuality of interest groups to promote self-government.
7

The most significant resource that most interest groups can offer congressional candidates is
A)help with issue research.
B)a promise of campaign volunteers.
C)a promise of votes from members of the group.
D)money.
E)TV time on the interest group's satellite network.
8

In the working dynamics of an "iron triangle," what benefit do interest groups provide to "friendly" bureaucratic agencies?
A)services for constituents.
B)lobbying support for agency programs.
C)campaign contributions.
D)administration of mutually beneficial policies.
E)votes in congressional elections.
9

The largest number of PACs are those associated with
A)single-issue groups, such as environmental groups and right-to-life groups.
B)labor.
C)business.
D)agriculture.
E)professional.
10

Interest groups function to: 1) promote public policies; 2) encourage the political participation of their members; 3) support candidates for office; 4) work to influence policymakers.
A)1 and 3.
B)1, 2, 3.
C)2 and 4.
D)2, 3, 4.
E)all of the above.
11

Economic interest groups have an advantage over other groups chiefly because of their
A)ability to muster large numbers of members.
B)access to financial resources.
C)emphasis on training people to run for Congress.
D)devotion to promoting the free enterprise system.
E)all of these are advantages.
12

When members of noneconomic interest groups promote a cause in which they believe they are pursuing what the text calls
A)immediate gains.
B)direct economic benefits.
C)selfish interests.
D)purposive incentives.
E)interest group liberalism
13

Links between interest groups and the U.S. bureaucracy are most evident in which of the following
A)the foreign relations committees of Congress.
B)during election years.
C)when a case involving its interests is before the Supreme Court.
D)in the regulatory agencies such as the FCC that oversee the nation's business sectors.
E)in the agriculture committees of Congress.
14

Groups such as the Council of State Governments, the National Governors Conference and the U.S. Conference of Mayors illustrate which type of interest group?
A)governments
B)labor
C)economic
D)foreign nations
E)professional
15

Political Action Committees
A)raise money for election campaigns by soliciting voluntary contributions from members or employees.
B)can give union dues collected from laborers to candidates running for office.
C)are under no restrictions regarding the amount of money each PAC can give to the election campaign of a single candidate for federal office.
D)are diminishing as an effective influence in political campaigns.
E)have been completely replaced by 527 groups.







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