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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1.
Which of the following is NOT a right granted to crime victims in at least some jurisdictions?
A)the right to be informed, present, and heard at important criminal justice proceedings
B)the right of sexual assault victims to be paid for forensic exams
C)the right to HIV testing of sex offenders and notification of the results
D)all of the above are rights
2.
Which of the following is a problem with victims' rights laws and their implementation?
A)victims from other cultures and those with disabilities frequently are not given the opportunity to participate in criminal and juvenile justice proceedings
B)many states do not provide comprehensive rights for the victims of crimes committed by juveniles
C)victims' rights in tribal, military, and administrative proceedings are generally nonexistent
D)all of the above are problems
3.
For which of the following uses do laws specify that restitution may NOT be court ordered?
A)lost or damaged property
B)funeral expenses
C)lost wages
D)it may be ordered for all of these uses
4.
Which of the following factors does NOT influence a judge's sentencing decision?
A)statutory provisions
B)prevailing philosophical rationales
C)organizational considerations
D)all of the above influences a judge's sentencing decision
5.
Which of the following types of sentences has been a principal tool in the effort to rehabilitate offenders?
A)indeterminate
B)flat-time
C)mandatory
D)presumptive
6.
When did social scientists and politicians begin to question whether the rehabilitation of most criminal offenders was even possible?
A)early 1950s
B)early 1960s
C)early 1970s
D)early 1980s
7.
In what year was indeterminate sentencing replaced with determinate sentencing at the state-level for the first time?
A)1955
B)1965
C)1975
D)1985
8.
Which of the following is NOT a type of determinate sentence?
A)flat-time
B)good-time
C)mandatory
D)presumptive
9.
Which of the following philosophical rationales for punishment includes "revenge" and "just desserts"?
A)deterrence
B)incapacitation
C)rehabilitation
D)retribution
10.
Which of the following philosophical rationales for punishment is the only one that specifically addresses what has happened in the past?
A)deterrence
B)incapacitation
C)rehabilitation
D)retribution
11.
Which of the following philosophical rationales for punishment is associated with banishment, exile, the deportation of foreign nationals, and "three strikes and you're out laws"?
A)deterrence
B)incapacitation
C)rehabilitation
D)retribution
12.
Which purpose of sentencing do most Americans think should be the most important?
A)deterrence
B)incapacitation
C)rehabilitation
D)retribution
13.
What was the primary rationale for punishing criminal offenders for much of the twentieth century?
A)deterrence
B)incapacitation
C)rehabilitation
D)retribution
14.
When did increased scholarly attention to the plight of victims and a fledgling victims' rights movement begin?
A)1950s
B)1960s
C)1970s
D)1980s
15.
Which of the following is NOT a right of defendants during allocution?
A)to deny or to explain information contained in the presentence investigation report if the sentence is based on it
B)to plead for a pardon
C)to argue about whether or not they are guilty as charged
D)to claim that they have gone insane since the verdict was rendered
16.
When was the earliest recorded lawful execution in America?
A)1492
B)1524
C)1608
D)1681
17.
Since the first one, approximately how many legal executions have been performed in the United States under civil authority?
A)5,000
B)19,000
C)35,000
D)54,000
18.
Which of the following methods of execution currently is used by the most states?
A)lethal injection
B)lethal gas
C)electrocution
D)hanging
19.
In what year did the U.S. Supreme Court set aside (as unconstitutional) death sentences for the first time in its history?
A)1932
B)1968
C)1972
D)1976
20.
Which of the following states accounts for more than one-third of all post-Furman executions?
A)Florida
B)Texas
C)Georgia
D)California
21.
How many states have capital punishment statutes?
A)22
B)33
C)38
D)48
22.
_____ refers to sentencing that allows a judge to retain some sentencing discretion, subject to appellate review. The legislature determines a sentence range for each crime.
A)presumptive sentencing
B)mandatory sentencing
C)flat-time sentencing
D)good time sentencing
23.
A "forgiveness" for the crime committed that stops further criminal processing refers to (a/an)_____.
A)good time
B)allocution
C)mitigating factor
D)pardon
24.
Which of the following is NOT a procedural reform approved of by the Supreme Court in its Gregg decision?
A)bifurcated trials
B)guidelines for judges and juries
C)automatic appellate review
D)all of the above are procedural reforms approved of by the Supreme Court
25.
_____ are documents that are used in the federal system and the majority of states to help judges determine the appropriate sentence. They also are used in classifying probationers, parolees, and prisoners according to their treatment needs and security risk.
A)Allocutions
B)Presentence investigation reports
C)Victim-impact statements
D)Criminal sanctions







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