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Multiple Choice

Read each question carefully and then select the best answer.



1

The most extreme form of legalized inequality for individuals or groups is what?
A)castes
B)social class
C)slavery
D)indentured servitude
2

Which stratification system is a social ranking based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility?
A)castes
B)social class
C)slavery
D)indentured servitude
3

Which stratification system generally determines one's occupation or role as a religious functionary?
A)castes
B)social class
C)slavery
D)indentured servitude
4

Sociologist Daniel Rossides uses a five-class model to describe the class system of the United States. What percent of people does he categorize as being in the working class?
A)about 1 to 2 percent
B)about 20 to 25 percent
C)about 30 to 35 percent
D)about 40 to 45 percent
5

Sociologist Daniel Rossides places elementary school teachers and nurses in which social class?
A)upper-middle
B)lower-middle
C)lower
D)working
6

No theorist stressed the significance of class for society—and for social change—more strongly than whom?
A)Max Weber
B)Daniel Rossides
C)Karl Marx
D)Kingsley Davis
7

According to Marx, exploitation of the proletariat will inevitably lead to
A)the emergence of capitalism.
B)the destruction of capitalism.
C)the emergence of socialism.
D)the destruction of socialism.
8

Which of the following statements is not true?
A)Marx predicted that Communist Party rule would be established and later overthrown in the former Soviet Union and throughout Eastern Europe.
B)Marx failed to anticipate the emergence of labor unions.
C)For Marx, class consciousness is part of a collective process whereby the proletariat comes to identify the bourgeoisie as the source of its oppression.
D)Marx did not foresee the extent to which political liberties and relative prosperity could contribute to "false consciousness."
9

Weber used what term to refer to people who rank the same in prestige or lifestyle?
A)class
B)status group
C)power
D)stratification
10

Which sociological perspective maintains that a differential system of rewards and punishments is necessary for the efficient operation of society?
A)functionalist
B)conflict
C)feminist
D)interactionist
11

Which one of the following sociologists is one of the most influential contributors to the conflict approach?
A)Wilbert Moore
B)Mary Powers
C)Ralf Dahrendorf
D)Daniel Rossides
12

Sociologists use what term to refer to the reputation that a specific person has earned within an occupation?
A)status
B)prestige
C)power
D)esteem
13

Survey data show that what percent of people in the United States believe that the government should take steps to reduce the income disparity between the rich and the poor?
A)38%
B)65%
C)66%
D)80%
14

Approximately one out of every how many people in this country lives below the poverty line established by the federal government?
A)nine
B)twelve
C)fifteen
D)twenty
15

Which standard of poverty theoretically remains unchanged from year to year?
A)relative poverty
B)absolute poverty
C)objective poverty
D)subjective poverty
16

The term __________ describes a condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power.
A)stratification
B)status inconsistency
C)slavery
D)social inequality
17

Hereditary systems of rank, usually religiously dictated and tending to be fixed and immobile, are referred to as
A)social classes.
B)class divisions.
C)socioeconomic groups.
D)castes.
18

Sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on which sociological perspective when he argues that the global economic system is divided between nations that control wealth and nations from which resources are taken?
A)functionalist
B)conflict
C)feminist
D)interactionist
19

Wallerstein's world systems analysis is the most widely used version of which theory?
A)dependency
B)modernization
C)mobility
D)functionalist
20

Which sociological perspective argues that multinational corporations can actually help the developing nations of the world?
A)interactionist
B)feminist
C)functionalist
D)conflict
21

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that multinational corporations exploit local workers to maximize profits?
A)interactionist
B)feminist
C)functionalist
D)conflict
22

Which one of the following is not an example of a closed class system?
A)slavery
B)caste systems
C)the class system in American society
D)varnas
23

__________ mobility involves changes in social position within a person's adult life.
A)Intragenerational
B)Intergenerational
C)Horizontal
D)Vertical
24

Airline pilot and police officer have the same occupational prestige ranking. Suppose that a former airline pilot becomes a police officer. Sociologists call this kind of movement __________ mobility.
A)vertical
B)intergenerational
C)intragenerational
D)horizontal
25

Modernization theory takes what sociological approach to the revolutionary transformation of day-to-day life?
A)functionalist
B)conflict
C)feminist
D)interactionist







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