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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Karst topography is found mainly in regions characterized by:
A)alluvial fans
B)glacial outwash plains
C)limestone bedrock
D)loess
2
Which area of the world is not located along a plate boundary?
A)the Atlantic coast of North America
B)the Caribbean Islands
C)the Central Valley of California
D)the Red Sea
3
Today, continental-size glaciers exist only:
A)in North America
B)on Antarctica and Greenland
C)in Siberia and Nepal
D)on Canada's west coast
4
Which plate boundary is characterized by plates sliding past each other horizontally?
A)divergent plate boundary
B)emergent plate boundary
C)convergent plate boundary
D)transform plate boundary
5
Permafrost refers to areas:
A)of permanently frozen ground
B)where glaciers are present
C)where the nighttime temperatures dip below 0° C thus creating frost every morning
D)with snow capped mountains
6
Which of the following can increase water erosion?
A)a decrease in precipitation
B)an increase in rock particle size
C)an increase in vegetative cover
D)an increase in livestock grazing
7
As glaciers retreat, they leave behind large hills of debris known as:
A)moraines
B)outwash plains
C)till
D)troughs
8
The water table is:
A)a raised lake
B)the top of the saturated zone
C)the entire saturated zone
D)an aquifer
9
Which area is not a subduction zone?
A)Southeast Asia
B)the Andes Mountains
C)the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
D)Caribbean Plate
10
Which of the following is not an erosional form caused by mountain glaciers?
A)cirque
B)glacial trough
C)outwash plain
D)tarn
11
Loess is deposited by:
A)glaciers
B)water
C)waves
D)wind
12
Petroleum deposits are found in areas of which rock type?
A)igneous
B)metamorphic
C)sedimentary
D)volcanic
13
In humid areas, stream erosion is accelerated by:
A)vegetation
B)steep downhill gradients
C)relatively flat floodplains
D)natural levees
14
Mechanical weathering is caused largely by:
A)chemical reaction
B)frost, salt crystals or roots
C)human activity
D)wind action
15
Igneous rocks are classified on the basis of:
A)how fast they cooled
B)the temperature of the earth material
C)their texture and composition
D)whether they cooled above or below the earth's surface
16
A tsunami is caused by:
A)an underwater earthquake
B)a rockslide into the sea
C)the gravitational pull of the moon
D)an underwater lava flow
17
The effect of wind erosion is most prevalent in areas with:
A)dense vegetation
B)dry climates
C)exposed bedrock
D)humid climates
18
Longshore currents modify the landscape by:
A)creating cliff-like structures
B)creating reefs and atolls
C)moving parallel to the shoreline and forming beaches and sand spits
D)removing sand from beaches and washing it out to sea
19
Which of the following is a result of mass wasting?
A)alluvial fans
B)arroyos
C)loess
D)talus slopes
20
What is the relationship between moving water and its load?
A)rapidly moving water has a greater stream load
B)rapidly moving water has no stream load
C)slow moving water has a greater stream load
D)slow moving water has no stream load
21
The earth's crust is the outer, lighter portion of the:
A)asthenosphere
B)lower mantle
C)lithosphere
D)outer core
22
According to the theory of plate tectonics, the present day continents began to separate from the supercontinent Pangaea about:
A)50 million years ago
B)160 million years ago
C)200 million years ago
D)4.7 billion years ago
23
All of the following are forms of sedimentary rock except:
A)sandstone
B)shale
C)limestone
D)gneiss
24
All of the following are associated with stream landscapes in arid areas except:
A)oxbow lakes
B)arroyos
C)alluvial fans
D)washes
25
Intrusive igneous rocks are formed below ground level by the hardening of:
A)lava
B)magma
C)feldspar
D)pumice
26
The most common rock on the earth's surface is:
A)granite
B)basalt
C)coal
D)limestone
27
Limestone under great pressure may become:
A)marble
B)gneiss
C)slate
D)granite
28
Carbonation and hydrolysis are examples of:
A)mechanical weathering
B)chemical weathering
C)erosion
D)rock formation
29
Which of the following is not caused by diastrophism?
A)folding
B)broad warping
C)faulting
D)volcanism
30
Which of the following is not a depositional landform?
A)delta
B)mesa
C)sandbar
D)alluvial fan
31
Karst topography is associated with:
A)glacial erosion
B)stream erosion
C)groundwater erosion
D)waves and current erosion
32
The Sierra Nevadas were formed as a result of:
A)volcanism
B)warping
C)folding
D)faulting
33
Which erosional agent forms sand dunes?
A)waves
B)streams
C)wind
D)melting glaciers
34
The downslope movement of material due to gravity is called:
A)erosion
B)deposition
C)mass wasting
D)weathering
35
The "ring of fire" refers to the location of earthquakes and volcanoes:
A)along the rim of the Pacific Ocean
B)on the Hawaiian Islands
C)along the mid-North Atlantic seafloor
D)surrounding the Indian Ocean







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