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Multiple Choice
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1
In what year did the census reveal that a majority of Americans lived in "urban" areas (communities of 2500 people or more)?
A)1880
B)1900
C)1920
D)1940
2
What percentage of the population of Chicago consisted of foreign-born immigrants and their children in 1890?
A)50%
B)66%
C)75%
D)87%
3
Which of the following is not true of the ethnic neighborhoods that arose in America's cities?
A)The family-centered cultures of immigrant communities tended to collapse after a generation or two.
B)They helped to ease the pain of separation from immigrants' native lands.
C)The urge to assimilate put a particular strain on relations between immigrant men and women.
D)They tended to reinforce the cultural values of their previous societies.
4
Which of the following nativist organizations was founded by five Harvard alumni in Boston and pushed for the screening of immigrants?
A)Know-Nothings
B)Native American party
C)American Protective Association
D)Immigration Restriction League
5
Who designed New York City's Central Park and several other great parks and public spaces in American cities?
A)Henry Bowers and Denis Kearny
B)Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux
C)Daniel Burnham
D)George M. Cohan and Irving Berlin
6
In what city was the 1893 Columbian Exposition, home of the "Great White City," held?
A)New York City
B)Boston
C)Chicago
D)San Francisco
7
In what city did some of the earliest "streetcar suburbs" — and the first subway — appear?
A)New York City
B)Boston
C)Chicago
D)San Francisco
8
In what city were the first "tenements" built?
A)New York City
B)Boston
C)Chicago
D)San Francisco
9
Who captured tenement life in words and pictures in the 1890 book How the Other Half Lives?
A)Theodore Dreiser
B)Lincoln Steffens
C)Jacob Riis
D)Ida Tarbell
10
Who was the greatest figure in the early development of the skyscraper?
A)John A. Roebling
B)Louis Sullivan
C)Frank Lloyd Wright
D)Louis Kahn
11
Which of the following was not an urban development during this period?
A)Improved sewer and drainage systems
B)Volunteer fire departments
C)Professionalized police forces
D)Well-stocked national guard armories
12
Who was the most famously corrupt city boss of the Gilded Age?
A)Thomas Nast
B)Louis Sullivan
C)D.W. Griffith
D)William Tweed
13
Which of the following was not a reason for the existence and perpetuation of boss rule?
A)The power of immigrant voters, whose needs were often ignored by middle-class reformers
B)The structural weakness of city governments, which created a "power vacuum"
C)The extreme parity between the two major political parties at the time
D)The connections between bosses and the wealthiest citizens of a city
14
With what reform organization was the mail-order house Montgomery Ward associated with?
A)The Grange
B)The Knights of Labor
C)The AFL
D)The Salvation Army
15
Which Chicago emporium was regarded as one of the first American department stores?
A)Filene's
B)Wanamaker's
C)Marshall Field's
D)Macy's
16
Who formed the National Consumers League in 1890 to mobilize the power of women as consumers?
A)Charlotte Perkins Gilman
B)Florence Kelley
C)Ellen Key
D)Carrie Chapman Catt
17
What economist argued that consumption and abundance constituted The New Basis of Civilization?
A)Simon Patten
B)Marshall Field
C)John Maynard Keynes
D)Thorstein Veblen
18
What was the first salaried team in baseball history?
A)Boston Red Sox
B)New York Yankees
C)Cincinnati Red Stockings
D)Chicago White Sox
19
Who invented the sport of basketball?
A)Albert Spalding
B)Amos Alonzo Stagg
C)John L. Sullivan
D)James A. Naismith
20
What Irish vaudeville entertainer became the first great creator of musical comedies?
A)John L. Sullivan
B)George M. Cohan
C)William Tweed
D)D.W. Griffith
21
Which of the following is remembered for his groundbreaking (and notoriously racist) films such as Birth of a Nation?
A)Florenz Ziegfeld
B)William Dean Howells
C)D.W. Griffith
D)John Singer Sargent
22
Which of the following influential writers portrayed modern social dislocations in books such as Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy?
A)William Dean Howells
B)Stephen Crane
C)Henry James
D)Theodore Dreiser
23
Which of the following American artists was not a member of the Ashcan School?
A)Winslow Homer
B)John Sloan
C)George Bellows
D)Edward Hopper
24
Briefly, what did the philosophy known as "pragmatism" argue?
A)The ends justify the means.
B)Instinct was more important than reason.
C)Experience is a better guide than tradition.
D)Everything is relative.
25
Which of the following is not true of post-bellum education reform?
A)Women's colleges proliferated.
B)The Morrill Land Grant Act helped to establish many new universities.
C)Reformers sought to educate and "civilize" Indian youths.
D)By 1900, all forty-eight states had compulsory school attendance laws.







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