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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Read each question carefully and then select the best answer.

1
Sociologist Neil Smelser has defined collective behavior as the
A)highly structured behavior of highly organized groups of people.
B)relatively spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a group of people who are reacting to a highly predictable situation.
C)relatively spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a group of people who are reacting to a common influence in an ambiguous situation.
D)highly structured behavior of people in ambiguous situations.
2
Sociologists Ralph Turner and Lewis Killian have offered the __________ perspective, which states that a collective definition of appropriate and inappropriate behavior presents itself during episodes of collective behavior.
A)emergent-norm
B)value-added
C)assembling
D)none of the above
3
Which of the following is not one of the six determinates of collective behavior, as outlined in Neil Smelser's value-added model?
A)structural conduciveness
B)generalized belief
C)a precipitating factor
D)demobilization
4
Building on the interactionist approach, Clark McPhail and associates introduced the assembling perspective, which sought for the first time to
A)relate episodes of collective behavior to the overall structure of a society.
B)examine how and why people move from different points in space to a common location.
C)explain how broad social conditions are transformed in a definite pattern into some form of collective behavior.
D)show how collective definitions of appropriate and inappropriate behavior emerge during episodes of collective behavior.
5
__________ assemblies include recurring, relatively routine gatherings of people such as work groups, college classes, and season ticket holders of an athletic series.
A)Nonperiodic
B)Arbitrary
C)Periodic
D)Nonarbitrary
6
__________ assemblies include demonstrations, parades, and gatherings at the scene of fires, accidents, and arrests.
A)Periodic
B)Regular
C)Irregular
D)Nonperiodic
7
Which of the following is not an example of a crowd?
A)the United States Senate
B)spectators at a baseball game
C)participants at a pep rally
D)rioters
8
Sudden or disruptive events or sets of events that overtax a community's resources so that outside aid is necessary are referred to as
A)precipitating factors.
B)disasters.
C)emergent norms.
D)assemblages.
9
The "pet rock" is an example of
A)a disaster.
B)fashion.
C)a fad.
D)panic.
10
Punk haircuts are an example of
A)fashion.
B)a fad.
C)rumor.
D)panic.
11
__________ are exciting mass involvements that last for a relatively long period of time.
A)Disasters
B)Fads
C)Fashions
D)Crazes
12
A __________ is a fearful arousal or collective flight based on a generalized belief that may or may not be accurate.
A)panic
B)craze
C)fad
D)fashion
13
In 1969, some of former Beatle Paul McCartney's fans thought he had died at age 27, based on interpretations of the "Abbey Road" album, the song "Strawberry Fields Forever," and a backward playing of "Revolution No. 9." This illustrates a
A)fad.
B)fashion.
C)rumor.
D)panic.
14
The term __________ refers to a dispersed group of people, not necessarily in contact with one another, who share interest in an issue.
A)crowd
B)public
C)collectivity
D)assembly
15
Expressions of attitudes on matters of public policy that are communicated to decision makers are referred to as
A)public opinion.
B)values.
C)political beliefs.
D)perspective.
16
Sociologists use the term social movements in reference to
A)revolutions.
B)expressions of public opinion.
C)organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society.
D)none of the above
17
You are a student and do not own a car. All of your close friends who are attending your college or university have vehicles of their own. You feel downtrodden and are dissatisfied. You are experiencing
A)relative deprivation.
B)resource mobilization.
C)false consciousness.
D)depression.
18
The text observes that it takes more than desire to start a social movement: It helps to have money, political influence, access to the media, and workers. The ways in which a social movement utilizes such things are referred to collectively as
A)relative deprivation.
B)false consciousness.
C)resource mobilization.
D)economic independence.
19
Organized collective activities that promote autonomy and self-determination, as well as improvements in the quality of life, are referred to as
A)new social movements.
B)social revolutions.
C)resource mobilization.
D)crazes.
20
According to Smelser, _____ occurs when the conduciveness of the social structure to potential conflict gives way to a perception that conflicting interests, do, in fact, exist.
A)structural strain
B)generalized belief
C)structural conduciveness
D)a precipitation factor
21
Which one of the men below held that a social movement would require leaders to sharpen their awareness of the oppressed?
A)Max Weber
B)Émile Durkheim
C)Robert Merton
D)Karl Marx
22
Which one of the following statements is not true?
A)New social movements generally view government as their ally in the struggle for a better society.
B)Scholars of social movements now realize that gender can affect even the way we view organized efforts to bring about or resist change.
C)Social movements grow and give birth to other movements, work in coalition with other movements, and influence each other indirectly through their effects on the larger cultural and political environment.
D)Leadership is a central factor in the mobilization of the discontented into social movements.
23
_____ theorists see the mobilization of resources on behalf of people with disabilities as part of a forty-year civil rights movement.
A)Functionalist
B)Conflict
C)Interactionist
D)Labeling
24
The value-added model is associated with the name of
A)Ralph Turner.
B)Neil Smelser.
C)Clark McPhail.
D)Max Weber.







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