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Juvenile Justice, 2/e
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Choice, Deterrence, Biological, and Psychological Theories
Taylor Juvenile Justice 2e cover

Chapter Quiz



1

The concept of _____________ is the ability to make a choice among various alternatives.
A)biological determinism
B)divine intervention
C)free will
D)decision models
E)heredity
2

The attempt to maximize pleasure and minimize pain is called _______________.
A)selfish
B)rationalism
C)deterrence
D)hedonistic calculus
3

Cesare Beccaria believed that punishment should be _____________.
A)swift
B)certain
C)severe
D)all of the above
4

Which of the following is not part of the Positive School of Criminology?
A)determinism
B)multiple causes
C)emphasis on offender
D)hedonistic calculus
E)rehabilitation
5

According to routine activities theory, crime occurs when there is a convergence in time and space of three factors. Which of the following is not one of those factors?
A)a motivated offender
B)a suitable target
C)the absence of a capable guardian
D)the probability of a prison sentence
6

The terms id, ego, and super ego were developed by Sigmund Freud.
A)True
B)False
7

The part of one’s personality that represents the conscience and moral character of the individual is called the ego.
A)True
B)False
8

Dizygotic twins are also know as identical twins.
A)True
B)False
9

Monozygotic twins are also known as identical twins.
A)True
B)False
10

It was Robert Martinson who wrote an article in 1974 about rehabilitation and concluded that nothing works.
A)True
B)False