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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1.
Psychologists almost always classify emotions as either:
A)harmful or beneficial.
B)positive or negative.
C)evoked or non-evoked.
D)defensive or receptive.
2.
The ability to inhibit or minimize the intensity of emotions is called emotional:
A)evocation.
B)suppression.
C)regulation.
D)consideration.
3.
Which of the following emotions is not a primary emotion?
A)fear
B)anger
C)disgust
D)guilt
4.
Which of the following emotions is self-conscious emotion?
A)shame
B)joy
C)surprise
D)sadness
5.
Suddenly, Jordan gives a long cry and then holds her breath. This is an example of a:
A)anger cry.
B)pain cry.
C)basic cry.
D)preliminary cry.
6.
A smile that occurs in response to an external stimulus is referred to as a:
A)secure smile.
B)tentative smile.
C)reflexive smile.
D)social smile.
7.
Which of the following situations is most likely to produce stranger anxiety in an infant?
A)encountering a stranger while sitting on the mother's lap
B)meeting a stranger in a research laboratory
C)meeting a stranger in the infant's home
D)encountering a stranger who smiles
8.
Separation protest tends to peak at _____ months of age.
A)5
B)10
C)15
D)20
9.
Tina uses emotion language in pretend play and can correctly label simple emotions. However, she does not understand that the same event may call forth different feelings in different people. Tina is approximately:
A)2 to 3 years of age.
B)4 to 5 years of age.
C)6 to 7 years of age.
D)8 to 9 years of age.
10.
What term best describes the emotional life of the older adult?
A)mellow
B)indifferent
C)chaotic
D)intense
11.
Socioemotional selectivity theory proposes that older adults deliberately withdraw from social contact with:
A)individuals peripheral to their lives.
B)close friends.
C)family members.
D)all but a few close family members and health-care professionals.
12.
According to socioemotional selectivity theory, older adults narrow their social circles:
A)because they are preparing for death.
B)to have only social partners who satisfy their emotional needs.
C)because it is more difficult for them to maintain large social networks.
D)as they become increasingly depressed.
13.
According to Mary Rothbart, the dimension of temperament that includes fear, frustration, sadness, and discomfort is called:
A)effortful control.
B)extraversion surgency.
C)negative affectivity.
D)emotional intensity.
14.
Chess and Thomas believe the _______ child is the most typical temperament.
A)easy
B)feisty
C)difficult
D)slow-to-warm-up
15.
Josh was an active child with a lot of energy. As an adult, he is likely:
A)serious.
B)outgoing.
C)maladjusted.
D)aggressive and impulsive.
16.
Research on temperament indicates that it:
A)remains relatively stable throughout the life span.
B)is learned through environmental contingencies.
C)is discontinuous throughout the life span.
D)changes as we enter adulthood.
17.
Attachment refers to:
A)a close bond between infant and caregiver.
B)a close bond between an infant and a contact comfort object.
C)an infant's tendency to use the mother as a secure base for exploring the world.
D)a positive reaction to being held and played with by people other than the primary caregiver.
18.
In a classic study of attachment by Harlow and Zimmerman, infant monkeys spent more time with the _______ monkey regardless of which monkey fed them.
A)wire
B)live
C)cloth
D)metal
19.
When put on the floor to play, Baby Elaine cries as if she wants to be held. When her mother picks her up, though, Baby Elaine pushes away with both arms and turns her head away. Ainsworth would say that Baby Elaine is:
A)securely attached.
B)insecure avoidant.
C)insecure resistant.
D)disorganized.
20.
The Strange Situation is an observational measure of infant attachment developed by Mary Ainsworth. It requires the infant to:
A)crawl through a tunnel with his or her mother and a stranger waiting on the other side.
B)move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with his or her mother and a stranger.
C)experience loud noises in a room with only a stranger present.
D)choose between his or her mother and his or her father in a strange situation.
21.
Jerome Kagan has emphasized the importance of _______ as a determinant of social competence.
A)bonding
B)temperament
C)experience
D)learning
22.
When comparing maternal and paternal infant interactions, it is apparent that:
A)fathers' interactions are more likely to include play.
B)fathers' interactions are more likely to center around child care activities.
C)fathers are less able than mothers to act sensitively and responsively with their infants.
D)there are no significant differences.
23.
Kagan's research concerning the effects of high quality child care on children has revealed that this type of child care has:
A)some long-term, detrimental effects on children.
B)no observed adverse effects.
C)some negative effects in the area of cognitive development.
D)some negative effects in the area of socialization.
24.
Children in low-quality day care show increased:
A)compliance.
B)insecure attachment to the mother.
C)emotional disturbance.
D)anxiety.
25.
Brandon, a fifteen-year-old who recently experienced his mother's death, is exhibiting high levels of fear, and he is often disoriented. When considering secure and insecure attachment in adolescence, Brandon's attachment would be classified as:
A)secure.
B)dismissing/avoidant.
C)preoccupied/ambivalent.
D)unresolved/disorganized.
26.
Adults who had an ambivalent attachment style in childhood:
A)find it easy to get close to others.
B)find it difficult to develop intimate relationships.
C)do not worry about being abandoned.
D)are less trusting and more possessive.
27.
According to Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love, passion is:
A)a physical and sexual attraction.
B)the emotional feelings of warmth, closeness and sharing.
C)the intent to maintain a relationship even in the face of problems.
D)affectionate love.
28.
The type of love that occurs when individuals desire to have the other person near and have a deep, caring affection for the person is:
A)affectionate love.
B)consummate love.
C)friendship.
D)romantic love.
29.
If the only real attraction that Richard and Jamie feel toward each other is sexual, Robert Sternberg would argue that they are experiencing:
A)consummate love.
B)companionate love.
C)fatuous love.
D)infatuation.
30.
Janet recently broke up with her long-time boyfriend. She says, "I forgot how important my friends are when I was going out with Rick." What kind of change is Janet experiencing?
A)environmental negative
B)environmental positive
C)relational positive
D)person negative







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