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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
________ arguments claim that their conclusion necessarily follows from the premises.
A)Inductive
B)Reductive
C)Deductive
D)Elementary
2
________ arguments claim that their conclusion probably follows from the premises.
A)Inductive
B)Reductive
C)Deductive
D)Elementary
3
Which type of survey involves collecting information from a sample group of people?
A)demographics
B)straw man
C)forecast
D)poll
4
Selecting some members of a group and making generalizations about the whole population on the basis of their characteristics is
A)sampling.
B)forecasting.
C)stacking.
D)quota filling.
5
A sample that is similar to the larger population from which it was drawn is known as a
A)random sample.
B)skewed sample.
C)descriptive sample.
D)representative sample.
6
When every member of the population has an equal chance of becoming part of the sample, the resulting group is called a
A)"blind" sample.
B)distributed sample.
C)random sample.
D)democracy.
7
According to the text, a question that is written to elicit a particular response is a ________ question.
A)slanted
B)skewed
C)guided
D)persuasive
8
A poll that starts by presenting the pollsters' views before asking for a response is called a(n)
A)bait and switch.
B)conditional response suggestion.
C)push poll.
D)exit poll.
9
________ questions, like the fallacy of the same name, contain more than one question but allow only one answer.
A)Leading
B)Appeal-to-ignorance
C)Loaded
D)Rhetorical
10
A generalization about a population may be used as a ________ in an argument about a particular member(s) of that group.
A)metaphor
B)analogy
C)conclusion
D)premise
11
A comparison between two or more similar events or things is called a(n)
A)metaphor.
B)analogy.
C)conclusion.
D)premise.
12
A descriptive type of analogy, frequently found in literature, is called a(n)
A)metaphor.
B)analogy.
C)conclusion.
D)premise.
13
An argument for the existence of God based on an analogy between manmade objects and natural objects is defined as an
A)argument from coincidence.
B)argument from design.
C)argument from evolution.
D)argument from dogma.
14
An event that brings about a change or effect is called a(n) ________ by the text.
A)cause
B)prime mover
C)watershed moment
D)epiphany
15
According to the text, when two events occur together regularly at rates higher than probability, the two events have
A)relativity.
B)sympathy.
C)synchronicity.
D)correlation.







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