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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Incarcerated individuals who require special treatment because they suffer from mental illness, chemical dependency, communicable disease, or the general problems of the elderly are called:
A)high-cost inmates.
B)special-needs inmates.
C)disabled inmates.
D)special-program inmates.
2
Almost 90 percent of special-needs inmates:
A)engage in acts of violence.
B)require an excess of scarce medical resources.
C)attempt or commit suicide.
D)disrupt normal jail activities.
3
Almost 70 percent of special-needs inmates:
A)engage in acts of violence.
B)require an excess of scarce medical resources.
C)attempt or commit suicide.
D)disrupt normal jail activities.
4
According to Columbia University's National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA), what percentage of America's jail and prison population had seriously abused or were addicted to drugs and/or alcohol at the end of 2000?
A)83 percent.
B)51 percent.
C)71 percent.
D)87 percent.
5
According to the 2002 study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, what percent of America's jail and prison population had seriously abused or were addicted to drugs and/or alcohol?
A)10 percent.
B)83 percent.
C)48 percent.
D)23 percent.
6
The acronym HIV stands for:
A)hepatitis infection virus.
B)hypoglycemic immunizing virus.
C)human immunodeficiency virus.
D)hepatitis immunization virus.
7
Which of the following is NOT an essential element for cost-effective management of inmates with HIV?
A)Early detection and diagnosis.
B)Inmate classification and housing.
C)Adequate funding.
D)None of these.
8
The acronym AIDS stands for:
A)acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
B)arterial immunodeficiency syndrome.
C)antibody immunization syndrome.
D)antibody immunodeficiency syndrome.
9
Trends in prison population aging are difficult to identify and analyze because:
A)of widespread resistance among older inmates to participate in research studies.
B)no standard definitions of the terms "older" and "elderly" have been universally adopted.
C)prison administrators are generally reluctant to permit long-term studies on grounds that they are excessively disruptive to prison routine.
D)All of these.
10
Formalized measures to assist terminally ill inmates through their passing are called:
A)transition assistance programs.
B)hospice programs.
C)"compassionate passage" programs.
D)"dignified passage" programs.
11
Which of the following is NOT a primary goal of drug courts?
A)To reduce recidivism.
B)To reduce substance abuse among participants.
C)To rehabilitate participants.
D)None of these.
12
The belief that prison conditions, including the delivery of health care, should be a step below those of the working class and people on welfare is called:
A)social equity.
B)the principle of priority resourcing.
C)the principle of least eligibility.
D)a consequence of incarceration.
13
Jails are difficult settings in which to study the prevalence of various diseases because:
A)of prisoner reluctance to cooperate.
B)of jail administrators' unwillingness to disrupt jail activities.
C)of the rapid turnover and frequent movement of prisoners.
D)All of these.
14
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prisoners have a constitutional right to reasonable and adequate health services for serious medical needs in:
A)Gates v. Rowland.
B)Estelle v. Gamble.
C)Washington v. Harper.
D)Parte v. Lane.
15
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that inmates who are dangerous to themselves or others as a result of mental illness may be treated with psychoactive drugs against their will in:
A)Gates v. Rowland.
B)Estelle v. Gamble.
C)Washington v. Harper.
D)Parte v. Lane.
16
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that treatment for mentally ill inmates is triggered by the existence of specific conditions in:
A)Gates v. Rowland.
B)Estelle v. Gamble.
C)Washington v. Harper.
D)Parte v. Lane.
17
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that corrections officials could bar HIV-positive inmates from working in the prison kitchen in:
A)Gates v. Rowland.
B)Estelle v. Gamble.
C)Washington v. Harper.
D)Parte v. Lane.
18
Prisons must comply with the provisions of the Americans With Disabilities Act because:
A)the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prisons fall squarely within the ADA's definition of a "public entity. "
B)of the large numbers of disabled inmates.
C)as an exception to the principle of least eligibility.
D)All of these.
19
In 2005, the percentage of inmates reported by the Department of Justice as being HIV-positive was:
A)five percent.
B)seven percent.
C)less than one percent.
D)less than two percent.
20
The U.S. Department of Justice has reported that recidivism among parolees who are 55 years of age or older when released is:
A)approximately nine percent.
B)approximately seven percent.
C)only two percent.
D)approximately five percent.







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