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Physical Geology, 8/e
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Introducing Geology, the Essentials of Plate Tectonics, and Other Important Concepts

Multiple Choice Quiz

For each question below, choose the letter corresponding to the BEST answer.



1

Which of the following is NOT a type of plate boundary?
A)transform
B)translational
C)divergent boundary
D)convergent boundary
2

In which scenario below would you be likely to hire a geologist to help better understand the situation?
A)A spacecraft uses radar to map the surface of a planet in our Solar System.
B)A volcano is erupting on a Pacific island.
C)A small community is worried about contamination of their water wells from an industrial waste site.
D)Geologists might be employed in all of these scenarios!
3

In which of the following is geological knowledge useful?
A)protecting the environment
B)avoiding geologic and other natural hazards
C)Supplying things we need.
D)All of these are areas where geological knowledge is useful!
4

What process caused the greatest number of fatalities during the 2004 Indonesian earthquake?
A)City sewer systems failed causing epidemics of diseases like cholera and typhoid.
B)Fires erupted following the earthquake, trapping many people in burning buildings.
C)a tsunami along coastal areas of the Indian Ocean.
D)Great chasms opened in the Earth and swallowed people whole.
5

Earth's external heat engine is driven by what source of energy?
A)the Sun
B)coal
C)natural gas
D)petroleum
6

The most voluminous portion of the Earth is known to geologists as
A)the lithosphere.
B)the mantle.
C)the core.
D)the crust.
7

The lithosphere is that portion of the Earth where rocks behave as
A)rocks.
B)fluids.
C)plastic solids.
D)brittle solids.
8

Many divergent plate boundaries coincide with
A)the Mid-Ocean Ridge.
B)the edges of the continents.
C)explosive volcanic eruptions.
D)transform faults.
9

At transform plate boundaries,
A)two plates are subducted beneath each other.
B)two plates move in opposite directions toward each other.
C)two plates move in opposite directions away from each other.
D)two plates slip horizontally past each other.
10

A typical rate of plate motion is
A)1,000 kilometers per year.
B)1 kilometer per year.
C)1 - 18 centimeters per year.
D)3 - 4 centimeters per year.
11

The division of geology that is concerned with Earth materials, changes in the surface and interior of the Earth, and the dynamic forces that cause those changes is
A)paleontology.
B)geophysics.
C)historical geology.
D)physical geology.
12

Which of the following are geologic hazards?
A)waves pounding on a coast
B)earthquakes
C)volcanoes
D)all of these are geologic hazards
13

Plate tectonics is
A)the rawest of speculation.
B)a theory.
C)a conjecture.
D)an hypothesis.
14

Geologists are generally agreed that Earth is
A)about 100 million years old.
B)about 4.55 billion years old.
C)about 6,000 years old.
D)as old as the hills and twice as dusty.
15

A subduction zone is most likely to be encountered
A)at a translational plate boundary.
B)at a divergent plate boundary
C)at a transform plate boundary
D)at a convergent plate boundary.
16

Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic are
A)three types of plate boundaries.
B)three words composed of multiple syllables.
C)three words that I never heard before.
D)the three major classes of rocks.
17

What volcanic process or phenomenon was responsible for the greatest number of fatalities during the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz in 1985?
A)lava flows
B)impacts of large rocks hurled hundreds of meters
C)mudflows
D)pyroclastic flows
18

Which field of endeavor might employ a geologist?
A)oceanography
B)environmental science
C)petroleum industry
D)all of these fields employ geologists
19

Volcanic island arcs are associated with
A)transform boundaries.
B)ocean-continent convergence.
C)divergent boundaries.
D)ocean-ocean convergence.
20

Which of the following is NOT a subdivision of Earth's interior?
A)the magnetosphere
B)the lithosphere
C)the core
D)the mantle