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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Jean Piaget believed that children's minds develop as children
A)get reinforcement from their environment.
B)create new neural pathways.
C)actively construct their cognitive worlds.
D)resolve unconscious conflicts.
2
In a Piagetian model, a(n) __________ is an action or mental representation that organizes knowledge.
A)memory
B)image
C)cognition
D)scheme
3
Ahmed sees a cow and calls it a goat. His mother tells him that cows are much bigger than goats and their milk is not as sweet. Ahmed learns to differentiate between cows and goats through the process of
A)schematic adaptation.
B)assimilation.
C)accommodation.
D)horizontal décalage.
4
According to Piaget, during the first sensorimotor substage, infants' behaviors are
A)reflexive.
B)habitual.
C)unchanging.
D)reinforced.
5
When Andy was 5 months old, he was playing with a toy rabbit that fell behind the sofa. Because he could no longer see the rabbit, he did not search for it. Now that he is 10 months old he does look for it, reflecting the presence of
A)schemata.
B)self-differentiation.
C)assimilation.
D)object permanence.
6
Research by Renée Baillergeon has found that
A)infants as young as 4 months of age have intermodal perception.
B)infants develop object permanence earlier than Piaget proposed.
C)there is little evidence to support Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
D)equipment for testing children under 4 months of age is not sophisticated enough to provide useful information about perception
7
Matsuyo is 7 months old and knows that the size of a moving object determines how far it will move a stationary object with which it collides, suggesting an understanding of
A)causality.
B)object permanence.
C)habituation.
D)dishabituation.
8
Carolyn Rovee-Collier has consistently demonstrated
A)young infants' inability to learn from operant conditioning.
B)how infants can retain information through operant conditioning.
C)young infants' inability to learn from classical conditioning.
D)how infants can retain information through classical conditioning.
9
Shawna was shown the flashing face of a chimpanzee seven times. At first she was very interested in the face, now she doesn't look at it, demonstrating that __________ has taken place.
A)dishabituation
B)object permanence
C)transference
D)habituation
10
Dalila engages in frequent joint attention with her son Abasi. Developmental research would suggest that
A)Abasi will be delayed in his language development.
B)Abasi and Dalila will develop their own private language.
C)Abasi will begin speaking early and will have a large vocabulary.
D)engaging in joint attention has no effect on language development.
11
Developmental researchers believe that __________ memory does not emerge until the second half of the first year.
A)implicit
B)explicit
C)tacit
D)short-term
12
Mary tells her coworkers that she remembers events that happened when she was a year old. This is
A)likely, because many adults can remember events from the first year or two of their life.
B)unlikely, because most adults cannot remember anything from the first three years of their life.
C)an indication of a serious memory problem called infantile amnesia.
D)an indicator that she was sexually molested as an infant.
13
Research by Andrew Meltzoff showing the infant's ability to imitate adult facial expressions shortly after birth demonstrates that
A)imitation has a biological base.
B)imitative abilities are learned quickly.
C)infants have a full range of emotional expression at birth.
D)imitation is a form of emotional expression.
14
Unlike Gessell's scales, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development were developed to assess infant behavior and to
A)provide clinical information.
B)evaluate language development.
C)predict later development.
D)provide information about neurological problems.
15
The Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence
A)estimates intelligence by comparing the amount of time a baby looks at a new object and the amount of time spent looking at a familiar object.
B)assesses infants' overall development in terms of motor, language, adaptive, and personal-social domains.
C)has been successful at measuring infant intelligence in industrialized nations, but not in third-world countries.
D)was the first measure of infant intelligence.
16
Intelligence in adolescence can best be predicted from measures of __________ in infancy.
A)assimilation and accommodation skills
B)joint attention
C)habituation and dishabituation
D)social interaction
17
The text discussed numerous studies around the world that have found nutrition to have an important impact on physical and __________ development.
A)emotional
B)behavioral
C)cognitive
D)language
18
The Abecedarian Intervention program resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A)higher IQ scores were evident for children by the time they were 3 years old.
B)the greatest IQ gains were for children whose mothers had high IQ scores (over 130).
C)the effects of the program were long-lasting.
D)over time children in the program were less likely than peers not in the program to be held back a year in school.
19
Language is most accurately defined as a system of __________ that allows for communication with others.
A)signs
B)symbols
C)vocalizations
D)words
20
Mrs. Mandrake gives her class a list of 50 words and tells them to use all of those words, but no others, to write a poem. Each child's poem is unique, demonstrating a characteristic of human language called
A)phonology.
B)morphology.
C)infinite generativity.
D)semantic application.
21
__________ involves the way words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences.
A)Syntax
B)Semantics
C)Pragmatics
D)Morphology
22
Research by Patricia Kuhl has demonstrated that
A)up to age 6 months children can only recognize sound changes in their own language; after that they can also recognize sound changes in other languages as well.
B)after age 6 months children recognize sound changes in their own language but lose the ability to recognize sound changes in other languages.
C)children are born with the ability to recognize sound changes in their own language, but not in other languages.
D)children under age 6 months do not have the cognitive capacity to recognize sound changes in any language.
23
Eran has just said his first words. We would expect that these words
A)are the same today as children's first words were 50 years ago.
B)are more likely related to people than to objects than were the first words of children 50 years ago.
C)are more likely related to objects than to people than were the first words of children 50 years ago.
D)are more complex today than children's words were 50 years ago.
24
Which of the following is considered to be strong evidence that language has a biological basis?
A)A language acquisition device (LAD) has been located in the brain's temporal lobe.
B)Language represents chains of responses and imitation.
C)Children all over the world reach language milestones at about the same time and in the same order.
D)Children's experiences and the context in which learning takes place strongly influence language acquisition.
25
When Jennifer says, "The deer was running," her mother asks, "Where was the deer running?" Her mother's strategy enhances Jennifer's language acquisition through
A)echoing.
B)expanding.
C)labeling.
D)recasting.







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