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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
The twin cornerstones of psychoanalytic motivation are
A)sex and security.
B)safety and security.
C)hunger and sex.
D)sex and aggression.
2
Freud began his self-analysis shortly after
A)he broke off his relationship with Fliess.
B)he broke off his relationship with Jung.
C)his mother died.
D)his father died.
3
As a youth and young man, Freud was strongly motivated to
A)win fame by making a great discovery.
B)overtake his older brother Julius.
C)practice medicine on the poor people of Vienna.
D)become a rabbi and move to New York.
4
What analogy did Freud use to illustrate the relationship between the ego and the id?
A)rider and horse
B)groom and bride
C)chicken and egg
D)hammer and anvil
5
The id serves the _________ principle.
A)pleasure
B)reality
C)moralistic
D)idealistic
6
Which regions of the mind have no direct contact with the external world?
A)id and superego
B)id and ego
C)id only
D)ego and superego
7
Which of these is a manifestation of both sex and aggression?
A)anxiety
B)narcissism
C)sadism
D)love
8
A masochist receives sexual pleasure from
A)inflicting pain on others.
B)joining a credit union.
C)receiving pain inflicted by others.
D)watching other people undress.
9
Freud called the mouth, anus, and genitals
A)Oedipal strivings.
B)erogenous zones.
C)the aim of the sexual instinct.
D)the aim of the aggressive instinct.
10
The guilt a person experiences after violating personal standards of conduct is called anxiety.
A)realistic
B)neurotic
C)manifest
D)moral
11
According to Freud, anxiety is felt by the
A)id.
B)ego.
C)superego.
D)conscience.
12
Defense mechanisms protect the ego against
A)feelings of shame.
B)guilt.
C)anxiety.
D)public disgrace.
13
In Freudian theory, anxiety
A)reduces repression.
B)triggers repression.
C)increases repression.
D)is caused by repression.
14
After a drive or image has been repressed, it
A)may remain unchanged in the unconscious.
B)could force its way into consciousness in an unchanged form.
C)could be expressed in a disguised or distorted form.
D)any of the above.
15
With this defense mechanism, a repressed desire finds an opposite and exaggerated expression.
A)fixation
B)reaction formation
C)sublimation
D)projection
16
A completely weaned child goes back to the bottle after a younger sister is born. This return to a more infantile pattern of behavior expresses a
A)reaction formation.
B)fixation.
C)regression.
D)projection.
17
Chad has great admiration for his history teacher. He attempts to imitate this teacher's lifestyle and mannerisms. This is an example of
A)displacement.
B)sublimation.
C)projection.
D)introjection.
18
This defense mechanism, unlike the others, usually results in some benefit to society.
A)projection
B)fixation
C)sublimation
D)regression
19
To Freud, the most crucial stage of development is
A)infancy.
B)latency.
C)genital.
D)maturity.
20
The anal triad consists of all these characteristics EXCEPT
A)miserliness.
B)aggressiveness.
C)stubbornness.
D)compulsive neatness.
21
Freud believed that differences between boys and girls in psychosexual development are due to
A)parental expectations.
B)cultural experiences.
C)anatomy.
D)hormones.
22
For boys, the castration complex
A)takes the form of penis envy.
B)shatters the Oedipus complex.
C)comes before the Oedipus complex.
D)all of these are correct.
E)none of these is correct.
23
For girls, the castration complex
A)takes the form of penis envy.
B)shatters the Oedipus complex.
C)comes after the Oedipus complex.
D)all of these are correct.
E)none of these is correct.
24
For boys,
A)the Oedipus complex comes before the castration complex.
B)the castration complex takes the form of castration anxiety.
C)the Oedipus complex is solved when they identify with their father—at around age 5 or 6.
D)none of these answers is correct.
E)all of these are correct answers.
25
Freud believed that, with few exceptions, the unconscious meaning of dreams is an expression of
A)early childhood traumas.
B)wish-fulfillments.
C)experiences of the day before.
D)feelings of inferiority.
26
Psychoanalytic therapy is most likely to include this technique.
A)homework assignments
B)free association
C)interpretation of early recollections
D)an active, aggressive therapist
27
During the past dozen or so years, psychoanalysis has received most research support form
A)operant conditioning.
B)sociology.
C)religion.
D)neuroscience.







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