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Practice Quiz
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1
The largest remaining areas of old-growth forest are in the United States and Central and South America.
A)True
B)False
2
Which of the following countries has the most deforestation today?
A)Brazil
B)United States
C)Japan
D)none of the above
3
Which of the following refers to the practice of eliminating a country's national debt if it agrees to protect or restore areas of biological significance.
A)mitigation
B)SLOSS
C)debt-for-nature swap
D)none of the above
4
Currently the length of logging roads within US public lands is more than ten times that of the interstate system.
A)True
B)False
5
The chief cause of desertification is clear-cutting of old growth forests.
A)True
B)False
6
Which of the following individuals has the greatest private land holdings in the US?
A)Ted Turner
B)Warren Buffet
C)Bill Gates
D)Sam Walton
7
Worldwide, the distribution of forests is three times that of grasslands.
A)True
B)False
8
Wildlife preserve managers recommend natural habitat corridors as a way of maintaining the genetic diversity of a species of interest.
A)True
B)False
9
The _______ encourages the division of protected areas into zones with different purposes and levels of human impact.
A)Man and Biosphere Program
B)Biosphere Reserve
C)Chipko Andolan Movement
D)IUCN world conservation strategy
10
Developed countries like the United States produce less than half of the world's industrial wood but consume about _______ of the products from forests.
A)36%
B)49%
C)65%
D)80%
E)90%
11
The disadvantages of monoculture forestry include all of the following EXCEPT
A)it is slow growing
B)it supports little biodiversity
C)it doesn(apostrophe)t prevent soil erosion very well
D)it provides limited production of clean water
12
What proportion of the world's forests is under some level of protection?
A)8%
B)12%
C)26%
D)37%
E)42%
13
A potentially successful approach to encourage the conservation and preservation of tropical forests in developing countries is
A)utilitarian conservation
B)biocentric preservation
C)ecosystem management
D)debt-for-nature swaps
E)pastoralism
14
The type of lumber harvesting that is most common in the US and Canada is
A)shelterwood harvesting
B)strip cutting
C)clear cutting
D)selective cutting
E)salvage logging
15
Historical fire prevention efforts have actually increased the chances of very big fires by allowing fuel to accumulate.
A)True
B)False
16
The cost of maintaining public rangelands for grazing in the US is about $47 million. Yet even with paid grazing permits, the economic loss to the American public annually is
A)$11 million
B)$36 million
C)$48 million
D)$58 million
E)$83 million
17
The major cause of tropical rain forest loss in Africa is:
A)conversion to large-scale permanent agriculture
B)expansion of cultivation into undisturbed areas
C)conversion to small-scale permanent agriculture
D)intensification of agriculture in shifting cultivation areas
18
Globally, what percentage of the world's land area is in some state of protection?
A)2%
B)10%
C)18%
D)27%
E)36%
19
Which is not an argument for saving wilderness?
A)It provides a refuge for endangered wildlife.
B)It provides natural areas for ecological research.
C)It provides recreational opportunities.
D)It provides an example of habitat left in its natural state.
E)All of the above are sound arguments.
20
A responsible ecotourist would
A)wander throughout a preserve to enjoy it thoroughly
B)make an effort to get the best close-up photo of a rare species observed
C)share their experience with local clubs or schools upon return
D)dispose of all waste into trash containers, even bottle and cans
21
If you and I actively promote not consuming larger, slow-growing species of fish (such as Chilean Sea Bass) ultimately resulting in closing the fisheries for some time, a positive effect can happen to that fish population.
A)True
B)False







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