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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
The U.S. federal bureaucracy has about _____ employees.
A)1 million
B)1.5 million
C)2.5 million
D)4 million
E)6 million
2
Which cabinet department currently has the largest budget in the United States?
A)Education
B)State
C)Defense
D)Treasury
E)Health and Human Services
3
Which of the following is a regulatory agency?
A)Central Intelligence Agency
B)National Aeronautics and Space Administration
C)Securities and Exchange Commission
D)Environmental Protection Agency
E)Both the SEC and the EPS are regulatory agencies.
4
_____ is the primary function of administrative agencies.
A)Policy implementation
B)Policy analysis
C)The delivery of services
D)Filing paperwork
E)None of the answers are correct.
5
How did President Andrew Jackson change the bureaucracy?
A)He vastly expanded the spoils system.
B)He only gave jobs to social elites.
C)He gave jobs to commoners.
D)He vastly expanded the spoils system and he gave jobs to commoners.
E)He created the merit system.
6
_____ created the merit, or civil service, system.
A)The Hatch Act
B)The Pendleton Act
C)The Morrill Act
D)The Progressive Act
E)The Merit Protection Act
7
_____ was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker in 1881.
A)Ulysses S. Grant
B)Chester Arthur
C)Zachary Taylor
D)William McKinley
E)James Garfield
8
Which of the following bureaucracies is currently the smallest per capita in the United States?
A)Oklahoma state bureaucracy
B)Montana state bureaucracy
C)U.S. federal bureaucracy
D)Hawaiian state bureaucracy
E)Illinois state bureaucracy
9
Reagan's appointee to chair the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), James Miller III,
A)felt that consumer protection policy had not gone far enough.
B)worked to increase consumer protection through lawsuits.
C)is an example of a non-activist head of a federal agency.
D)helped to eliminate many pending cases against business firms.
E)None of the answers are correct.
10
_____ is the newest cabinet department in the federal government.
A)The Department of Homeland Security
B)The Department of Veterans Affairs
C)The Department of Education
D)The Department of Energy
E)The Department of Transportation
11
Which of the following statements are true?
A)Bureaucrats make public policy.
B)Bureaucrats implement the will of Congress.
C)Bureaucrats are held accountable by federal judges.
D)Bureaucrats engage in rulemaking.
E)All of the answers are correct.
12
During which of the following time periods did the federal bureaucracy grow in a significant manner?
A)1830s
B)1870s
C)1930s
D)1990s
E)All of the answers are correct.
13
Which of the following is true of bureaucrats?
A)They tend to place the interests of Congress ahead of their agency.
B)They tend to place the interests of the president ahead of their agency.
C)They tend to place the public interest ahead of their agency.
D)They tend to place the interests of their agency ahead of other interests.
E)None of the answers are correct.
14
The most substantial control that Congress exerts on the bureaucracy is through its power
A)to pass laws.
B)to hire and fire federal judges.
C)to approve agencies appointees.
D)to order audits of agency activities.
E)to authorize and fund programs.
15
Which of the following statements is true about whistle-blowing?
A)Many federal employees are reluctant to report instances of mismanagement because they fear it could harm their careers or reputations.
B)Whistle-blowers are protected by federal law against retaliation.
C)Federal law provides whistle-blowers with financial rewards in some cases.
D)Whistle-blowing sometimes does not occur until an employee has left an agency or quit government service entirely.
E)All of the answers are correct.
16
About _____ percent of managerial and professional positions in the federal bureaucracy are held by white males.
A)20
B)33
C)45
D)60
E)83
17
According to Charles Goodsell,
A)the U.S. bureaucracy is very inefficient.
B)the U.S. bureaucracy is the worst in the industrialized world.
C)the U.S. bureaucracy is very inefficient; it is the worst in the industrialized world.
D)the U.S. bureaucracy is among the best in the world.
E)None of the answers are correct.
18
Which of the following is not one of the principles on which bureaucracy is based?
A)hierarchical authority
B)job specialization
C)formalized rules
D)patronage
E)None of the answers are correct.
19
Independent agencies resemble the cabinet departments but typically have
A)a smaller staff.
B)a smaller budget.
C)a wider area of responsibility.
D)more autonomy from Congress.
E)a narrower area or responsibility.
20
All cabinet departments are headed by a secretary except
A)the Department of Defense.
B)the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
C)the Department of Health and Human Services.
D)the Department of Justice.
E)the Department of Homeland Security.







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